Eswatini - School enrollment, primary, female (% gross)

The value for School enrollment, primary, female (% gross) in Eswatini was 110.35 as of 2017. As the graph below shows, over the past 47 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 118.84 in 2010 and a minimum value of 77.94 in 1970.

Definition: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music.

Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (

See also:

Year Value
1970 77.94
1971 78.29
1972 80.82
1973 84.00
1974 86.17
1975 86.92
1976 87.05
1977 87.65
1978 87.76
1979 88.33
1980 89.85
1981 91.78
1982 92.03
1983 91.35
1984 91.42
1985 91.29
1986 90.46
1987 90.62
1988 90.20
1989 89.71
1990 91.42
1991 91.52
1992 92.87
1993 94.08
1994 96.67
1995 100.80
1996 100.87
1997 102.21
1998 102.44
1999 103.92
2000 103.37
2001 102.43
2002 99.53
2003 100.32
2004 104.98
2005 107.54
2006 112.54
2007 114.78
2009 114.04
2010 118.84
2011 116.93
2012 117.38
2013 115.72
2014 114.85
2015 113.53
2016 111.79
2017 110.35

Development Relevance: Gross enrollment ratios indicate the capacity of each level of the education system, but a high ratio may reflect a substantial number of overage children enrolled in each grade because of repetition or late entry rather than a successful education system. The net enrollment rate excludes overage and underage students and more accurately captures the system's coverage and internal efficiency. Differences between the gross enrollment ratio and the net enrollment rate show the incidence of overage and underage enrollments.

Limitations and Exceptions: Enrollment indicators are based on annual school surveys, but do not necessarily reflect actual attendance or dropout rates during the year. Also, the length of education differs across countries and can influence enrollment rates, although the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) tries to minimize the difference. For example, a shorter duration for primary education tends to increase the rate; a longer one to decrease it (in part because older children are more at risk of dropping out). Moreover, age at enrollment may be inaccurately estimated or misstated, especially in communities where registration of births is not strictly enforced.

Other Notes: Data retrieved via API in March 2019. For detailed information on the observation level (e.g. National Estimation, UIS Estimation, or Category not applicable), please visit UIS.Stat (

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Gross enrollment ratio for primary school is calculated by dividing the number of students enrolled in primary education regardless of age by the population of the age group which officially corresponds to primary education, and multiplying by 100. Data on education are collected by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics from official responses to its annual education survey. All the data are mapped to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) to ensure the comparability of education programs at the international level. The current version was formally adopted by UNESCO Member States in 2011. Population data are drawn from the United Nations Population Division. Using a single source for population data standardizes definitions, estimations, and interpolation methods, ensuring a consistent methodology across countries and minimizing potential enumeration problems in national censuses. The reference years reflect the school year for which the data are presented. In some countries the school year spans two calendar years (for example, from September 2010 to June 2011); in these cases the reference year refers to the year in which the school year ended (2011 in the example).

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual


Topic: Education Indicators

Sub-Topic: Participation