Life expectancy at birth, total (years) - Country Ranking

Definition: Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.

Source: Derived from male and female life expectancy at birth from sources such as: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demograp

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Hong Kong SAR, China 84.28 2015
2 Japan 83.84 2015
3 Macao SAR, China 83.59 2015
4 Italy 83.49 2015
5 Spain 83.38 2015
6 San Marino 83.32 2011
7 Switzerland 83.20 2015
8 Iceland 82.86 2015
9 France 82.67 2015
10 Singapore 82.60 2015
11 Sweden 82.55 2015
12 Australia 82.45 2015
13 Luxembourg 82.23 2015
14 Korea 82.16 2015
15 Canada 82.13 2015
16 Norway 82.10 2015
17 Liechtenstein 82.07 2015
18 Israel 82.05 2015
19 Malta 81.95 2015
20 Austria 81.84 2015
21 Netherlands 81.71 2015
22 United Kingdom 81.60 2015
23 Greece 81.59 2015
24 Portugal 81.52 2015
25 Ireland 81.50 2015
26 New Zealand 81.46 2015
27 Finland 81.39 2015
28 Belgium 81.29 2015
29 Denmark 81.10 2015
30 Germany 81.09 2015
31 Slovenia 81.08 2015
32 Cyprus 80.29 2015
33 Costa Rica 79.61 2015
34 Puerto Rico 79.60 2015
35 Cuba 79.54 2015
36 Lebanon 79.50 2015
37 Czech Republic 79.47 2015
38 Chile 79.16 2015
39 United States 78.74 2015
40 Qatar 78.46 2015
41 Poland 78.20 2015
42 Albania 78.20 2015
43 Panama 77.82 2015
44 New Caledonia 77.77 2015
45 United Arab Emirates 77.48 2015
46 Croatia 77.28 2015
47 Slovak Republic 77.21 2015
48 Estonia 77.13 2015
49 Uruguay 77.13 2015
50 Oman 77.12 2015
51 Brunei 77.07 2015
52 Mexico 76.88 2015
53 Bahrain 76.87 2015
54 Montenegro 76.86 2015
55 Bosnia and Herzegovina 76.64 2015
56 Dominica 76.60 2002
57 Argentina 76.29 2015
58 China 76.12 2015
59 Ecuador 76.08 2015
60 Antigua and Barbuda 76.08 2015
61 Hungary 75.96 2015
62 Vietnam 75.89 2015
63 Algeria 75.86 2015
64 Jamaica 75.81 2015
65 Iran 75.74 2015
66 Barbados 75.64 2015
67 Macedonia 75.52 2015
68 Morocco 75.52 2015
69 Tunisia 75.50 2015
70 Serbia 75.49 2015
71 Turkey 75.41 2015
72 The Bahamas 75.37 2015
73 St. Lucia 75.28 2015
74 Malaysia 75.22 2015
75 Brazil 75.20 2015
76 Lithuania 75.12 2015
77 Thailand 75.07 2015
78 Nicaragua 75.04 2015
79 Sri Lanka 74.99 2015
80 Romania 74.96 2015
81 Samoa 74.84 2015
82 Kuwait 74.75 2015
83 Peru 74.71 2015
84 Saudi Arabia 74.57 2015
85 Bulgaria 74.47 2015
86 Venezuela 74.39 2015
87 Mauritius 74.35 2015
88 Armenia 74.21 2015
89 Jordan 74.19 2015
90 Colombia 74.16 2015
91 Latvia 74.12 2015
92 Dominican Republic 73.70 2015
93 Belarus 73.62 2015
94 Grenada 73.50 2015
95 Honduras 73.32 2015
96 Seychelles 73.23 2015
97 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 73.06 2015
98 Paraguay 73.04 2015
98 Guatemala 73.04 2015
100 El Salvador 73.00 2015
101 Georgia 72.97 2015
102 Tonga 72.84 2015
103 Cabo Verde 72.44 2015
104 Bangladesh 72.22 2015
105 Kazakhstan 72.00 2015
106 Vanuatu 71.98 2015
107 Azerbaijan 71.85 2015
108 Greenland 71.83 2013
109 Libya 71.83 2015
110 Moldova 71.37 2015
111 St. Kitts and Nevis 71.34 2002
112 Egypt 71.30 2015
113 Suriname 71.29 2015
114 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 71.24 2015
115 Ukraine 71.19 2015
116 Uzbekistan 71.15 2015
117 Tajikistan 71.01 2015
118 Russia 70.91 2015
119 Kyrgyz Republic 70.65 2015
120 Trinidad and Tobago 70.59 2015
121 Solomon Islands 70.48 2015
122 Belize 70.31 2015
123 Syrian Arab Republic 70.25 2015
124 Fiji 70.22 2015
125 Nepal 69.87 2015
126 Bhutan 69.81 2015
127 Iraq 69.63 2015
128 Palau 69.13 2005
129 Mongolia 69.12 2015
130 Indonesia 69.04 2015
131 Philippines 69.01 2015
132 Bolivia 68.75 2015
133 Timor-Leste 68.58 2015
134 Cambodia 68.47 2015
135 India 68.33 2015
136 Turkmenistan 67.64 2015
137 Senegal 66.66 2015
138 Kenya 66.65 2015
139 Rwanda 66.62 2015
140 Guyana 66.54 2015
141 São Tomé and Principe 66.42 2015
142 Myanmar 66.39 2015
143 Pakistan 66.33 2015
144 Lao PDR 66.28 2015
145 Kiribati 66.05 2015
146 Botswana 65.75 2015
147 Gabon 65.68 2015
148 Madagascar 65.51 2015
149 Papua New Guinea 65.39 2015
150 Ethiopia 65.01 2015
151 Tanzania 64.90 2015
152 Yemen 64.73 2015
153 Eritrea 64.62 2015
154 Sudan 64.23 2015
155 Congo 64.09 2015
156 Namibia 63.64 2015
157 Comoros 63.46 2015
158 Afghanistan 63.30 2015
159 Mauritania 63.05 2015
160 Haiti 63.01 2015
161 Malawi 62.54 2015
162 Ghana 62.41 2015
163 Djibouti 62.25 2015
164 Liberia 61.98 2015
165 South Africa 61.93 2015
166 Zambia 61.34 2015
167 Angola 61.19 2015
168 The Gambia 60.96 2015
169 Benin 60.58 2015
170 Zimbabwe 60.28 2015
171 Togo 59.92 2015
172 Burkina Faso 59.84 2015
173 Niger 59.68 2015
174 Uganda 59.51 2015
175 Guinea 59.40 2015
176 Dem. Rep. Congo 59.17 2015
177 Mozambique 57.61 2015
178 Cameroon 57.56 2015
179 Equatorial Guinea 57.51 2015
180 Mali 57.46 2015
181 Burundi 57.07 2015
182 Guinea-Bissau 56.95 2015
183 Swaziland 56.91 2015
184 Somalia 55.87 2015
185 Lesotho 53.57 2015
186 Côte d'Ivoire 53.08 2015
187 Nigeria 52.98 2015
188 Chad 52.55 2015
189 Sierra Leone 51.41 2015
190 Central African Republic 51.38 2015

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Development Relevance: Mortality rates for different age groups (infants, children, and adults) and overall mortality indicators (life expectancy at birth or survival to a given age) are important indicators of health status in a country. Because data on the incidence and prevalence of diseases are frequently unavailable, mortality rates are often used to identify vulnerable populations. And they are among the indicators most frequently used to compare socioeconomic development across countries.

Limitations and Exceptions: Annual data series from United Nations Population Division's World Population Prospects are interpolated data from 5-year period data. Therefore they may not reflect real events as much as observed data.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Life expectancy at birth used here is the average number of years a newborn is expected to live if mortality patterns at the time of its birth remain constant in the future. It reflects the overall mortality level of a population, and summarizes the mortality pattern that prevails across all age groups in a given year. It is calculated in a period life table which provides a snapshot of a population's mortality pattern at a given time. It therefore does not reflect the mortality pattern that a person actually experiences during his/her life, which can be calculated in a cohort life table. High mortality in young age groups significantly lowers the life expectancy at birth. But if a person survives his/her childhood of high mortality, he/she may live much longer. For example, in a population with a life expectancy at birth of 50, there may be few people dying at age 50. The life expectancy at birth may be low due to the high childhood mortality so that once a person survives his/her childhood, he/she may live much longer than 50 years.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual