Congo - Life expectancy at birth, total (years)

The value for Life expectancy at birth, total (years) in Congo was 64.09 as of 2015. As the graph below shows, over the past 55 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 64.09 in 2015 and a minimum value of 48.58 in 1960.

Definition: Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.

Source: Derived from male and female life expectancy at birth from sources such as: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demograp

See also:

Year Value
1960 48.58
1961 49.23
1962 49.84
1963 50.42
1964 50.95
1965 51.44
1966 51.89
1967 52.30
1968 52.68
1969 53.03
1970 53.36
1971 53.67
1972 53.97
1973 54.25
1974 54.52
1975 54.79
1976 55.07
1977 55.34
1978 55.61
1979 55.87
1980 56.12
1981 56.35
1982 56.55
1983 56.71
1984 56.81
1985 56.85
1986 56.82
1987 56.71
1988 56.53
1989 56.27
1990 55.93
1991 55.50
1992 54.99
1993 54.42
1994 53.82
1995 53.23
1996 52.66
1997 52.14
1998 51.73
1999 51.45
2000 51.38
2001 51.56
2002 52.00
2003 52.68
2004 53.59
2005 54.67
2006 55.86
2007 57.09
2008 58.30
2009 59.43
2010 60.45
2011 61.35
2012 62.15
2013 62.87
2014 63.52
2015 64.09

Development Relevance: Mortality rates for different age groups (infants, children, and adults) and overall mortality indicators (life expectancy at birth or survival to a given age) are important indicators of health status in a country. Because data on the incidence and prevalence of diseases are frequently unavailable, mortality rates are often used to identify vulnerable populations. And they are among the indicators most frequently used to compare socioeconomic development across countries.

Limitations and Exceptions: Annual data series from United Nations Population Division's World Population Prospects are interpolated data from 5-year period data. Therefore they may not reflect real events as much as observed data.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Life expectancy at birth used here is the average number of years a newborn is expected to live if mortality patterns at the time of its birth remain constant in the future. It reflects the overall mortality level of a population, and summarizes the mortality pattern that prevails across all age groups in a given year. It is calculated in a period life table which provides a snapshot of a population's mortality pattern at a given time. It therefore does not reflect the mortality pattern that a person actually experiences during his/her life, which can be calculated in a cohort life table. High mortality in young age groups significantly lowers the life expectancy at birth. But if a person survives his/her childhood of high mortality, he/she may live much longer. For example, in a population with a life expectancy at birth of 50, there may be few people dying at age 50. The life expectancy at birth may be low due to the high childhood mortality so that once a person survives his/her childhood, he/she may live much longer than 50 years.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

Classification

Topic: Health Indicators

Sub-Topic: Mortality