Romania - Life expectancy at birth, total (years)

The value for Life expectancy at birth, total (years) in Romania was 74.96 as of 2015. As the graph below shows, over the past 55 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 75.06 in 2013 and a minimum value of 65.64 in 1960.

Definition: Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.

Source: Derived from male and female life expectancy at birth from sources such as: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demograp

See also:

Year Value
1960 65.64
1961 66.42
1962 67.03
1963 67.44
1964 67.65
1965 67.70
1966 67.66
1967 67.63
1968 67.67
1969 67.81
1970 68.06
1971 68.50
1972 68.47
1973 69.01
1974 69.50
1975 69.61
1976 69.70
1977 69.74
1978 69.48
1979 69.15
1980 69.09
1981 69.37
1982 69.53
1983 69.73
1984 69.66
1985 69.71
1986 69.50
1987 69.23
1988 69.39
1989 69.53
1990 69.74
1991 69.78
1992 69.78
1993 69.56
1994 69.51
1995 69.46
1996 69.10
1997 69.00
1998 69.81
1999 70.51
2000 71.16
2001 71.16
2002 71.01
2003 71.31
2004 71.59
2005 71.88
2006 72.16
2007 72.57
2008 72.57
2009 73.31
2010 73.46
2011 74.41
2012 74.41
2013 75.06
2014 74.96
2015 74.96

Development Relevance: Mortality rates for different age groups (infants, children, and adults) and overall mortality indicators (life expectancy at birth or survival to a given age) are important indicators of health status in a country. Because data on the incidence and prevalence of diseases are frequently unavailable, mortality rates are often used to identify vulnerable populations. And they are among the indicators most frequently used to compare socioeconomic development across countries.

Limitations and Exceptions: Annual data series from United Nations Population Division's World Population Prospects are interpolated data from 5-year period data. Therefore they may not reflect real events as much as observed data.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Life expectancy at birth used here is the average number of years a newborn is expected to live if mortality patterns at the time of its birth remain constant in the future. It reflects the overall mortality level of a population, and summarizes the mortality pattern that prevails across all age groups in a given year. It is calculated in a period life table which provides a snapshot of a population's mortality pattern at a given time. It therefore does not reflect the mortality pattern that a person actually experiences during his/her life, which can be calculated in a cohort life table. High mortality in young age groups significantly lowers the life expectancy at birth. But if a person survives his/her childhood of high mortality, he/she may live much longer. For example, in a population with a life expectancy at birth of 50, there may be few people dying at age 50. The life expectancy at birth may be low due to the high childhood mortality so that once a person survives his/her childhood, he/she may live much longer than 50 years.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

Classification

Topic: Health Indicators

Sub-Topic: Mortality