Mozambique - Life expectancy at birth, total (years)

The value for Life expectancy at birth, total (years) in Mozambique was 59.31 as of 2017. As the graph below shows, over the past 57 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 59.31 in 2017 and a minimum value of 39.44 in 1960.

Definition: Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.

Source: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects: 2019 Revision, or derived from male and female life expectancy at birth from sources such as: (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3)

See also:

Year Value
1960 39.44
1961 39.88
1962 40.24
1963 40.51
1964 40.70
1965 40.82
1966 40.90
1967 40.98
1968 41.06
1969 41.18
1970 41.34
1971 41.57
1972 41.84
1973 42.14
1974 42.45
1975 42.76
1976 43.03
1977 43.24
1978 43.39
1979 43.48
1980 43.52
1981 43.52
1982 43.53
1983 43.56
1984 43.64
1985 43.77
1986 43.98
1987 44.24
1988 44.54
1989 44.89
1990 45.26
1991 45.65
1992 46.03
1993 46.41
1994 46.77
1995 47.12
1996 47.47
1997 47.83
1998 48.19
1999 48.57
2000 48.95
2001 49.30
2002 49.61
2003 49.89
2004 50.14
2005 50.39
2006 50.64
2007 50.93
2008 51.29
2009 51.74
2010 52.31
2011 53.04
2012 53.93
2013 54.95
2014 56.06
2015 57.21
2016 58.31
2017 59.31

Development Relevance: Mortality rates for different age groups (infants, children, and adults) and overall mortality indicators (life expectancy at birth or survival to a given age) are important indicators of health status in a country. Because data on the incidence and prevalence of diseases are frequently unavailable, mortality rates are often used to identify vulnerable populations. And they are among the indicators most frequently used to compare socioeconomic development across countries.

Limitations and Exceptions: Annual data series from United Nations Population Division's World Population Prospects are interpolated data from 5-year period data. Therefore they may not reflect real events as much as observed data.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Life expectancy at birth used here is the average number of years a newborn is expected to live if mortality patterns at the time of its birth remain constant in the future. It reflects the overall mortality level of a population, and summarizes the mortality pattern that prevails across all age groups in a given year. It is calculated in a period life table which provides a snapshot of a population's mortality pattern at a given time. It therefore does not reflect the mortality pattern that a person actually experiences during his/her life, which can be calculated in a cohort life table. High mortality in young age groups significantly lowers the life expectancy at birth. But if a person survives his/her childhood of high mortality, he/she may live much longer. For example, in a population with a life expectancy at birth of 50, there may be few people dying at age 50. The life expectancy at birth may be low due to the high childhood mortality so that once a person survives his/her childhood, he/she may live much longer than 50 years.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

Classification

Topic: Health Indicators

Sub-Topic: Mortality