Mozambique - Life expectancy at birth, total (years)

The value for Life expectancy at birth, total (years) in Mozambique was 57.61 as of 2015. As the graph below shows, over the past 55 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 57.61 in 2015 and a minimum value of 35.00 in 1960.

Definition: Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.

Source: Derived from male and female life expectancy at birth from sources such as: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demograp

See also:

Year Value
1960 35.00
1961 35.47
1962 35.91
1963 36.34
1964 36.75
1965 37.15
1966 37.55
1967 37.95
1968 38.37
1969 38.80
1970 39.24
1971 39.71
1972 40.18
1973 40.65
1974 41.09
1975 41.48
1976 41.77
1977 41.95
1978 42.02
1979 41.99
1980 41.88
1981 41.75
1982 41.63
1983 41.56
1984 41.58
1985 41.67
1986 41.83
1987 42.04
1988 42.28
1989 42.54
1990 42.85
1991 43.22
1992 43.66
1993 44.18
1994 44.77
1995 45.40
1996 46.03
1997 46.65
1998 47.23
1999 47.76
2000 48.27
2001 48.78
2002 49.33
2003 49.93
2004 50.58
2005 51.28
2006 51.99
2007 52.70
2008 53.37
2009 54.00
2010 54.60
2011 55.19
2012 55.78
2013 56.38
2014 56.99
2015 57.61

Development Relevance: Mortality rates for different age groups (infants, children, and adults) and overall mortality indicators (life expectancy at birth or survival to a given age) are important indicators of health status in a country. Because data on the incidence and prevalence of diseases are frequently unavailable, mortality rates are often used to identify vulnerable populations. And they are among the indicators most frequently used to compare socioeconomic development across countries.

Limitations and Exceptions: Annual data series from United Nations Population Division's World Population Prospects are interpolated data from 5-year period data. Therefore they may not reflect real events as much as observed data.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Life expectancy at birth used here is the average number of years a newborn is expected to live if mortality patterns at the time of its birth remain constant in the future. It reflects the overall mortality level of a population, and summarizes the mortality pattern that prevails across all age groups in a given year. It is calculated in a period life table which provides a snapshot of a population's mortality pattern at a given time. It therefore does not reflect the mortality pattern that a person actually experiences during his/her life, which can be calculated in a cohort life table. High mortality in young age groups significantly lowers the life expectancy at birth. But if a person survives his/her childhood of high mortality, he/she may live much longer. For example, in a population with a life expectancy at birth of 50, there may be few people dying at age 50. The life expectancy at birth may be low due to the high childhood mortality so that once a person survives his/her childhood, he/she may live much longer than 50 years.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

Classification

Topic: Health Indicators

Sub-Topic: Mortality