Cameroon - Life expectancy at birth, total (years)

The value for Life expectancy at birth, total (years) in Cameroon was 57.56 as of 2015. As the graph below shows, over the past 55 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 57.56 in 2015 and a minimum value of 41.52 in 1960.

Definition: Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.

Source: Derived from male and female life expectancy at birth from sources such as: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demograp

See also:

Year Value
1960 41.52
1961 41.97
1962 42.41
1963 42.84
1964 43.28
1965 43.72
1966 44.16
1967 44.61
1968 45.08
1969 45.57
1970 46.08
1971 46.60
1972 47.14
1973 47.68
1974 48.22
1975 48.76
1976 49.28
1977 49.80
1978 50.29
1979 50.75
1980 51.18
1981 51.58
1982 51.93
1983 52.24
1984 52.49
1985 52.67
1986 52.76
1987 52.75
1988 52.65
1989 52.46
1990 52.18
1991 51.81
1992 51.37
1993 50.89
1994 50.41
1995 49.99
1996 49.69
1997 49.52
1998 49.51
1999 49.67
2000 50.00
2001 50.47
2002 51.03
2003 51.64
2004 52.27
2005 52.89
2006 53.47
2007 54.01
2008 54.51
2009 54.97
2010 55.40
2011 55.81
2012 56.22
2013 56.64
2014 57.09
2015 57.56

Development Relevance: Mortality rates for different age groups (infants, children, and adults) and overall mortality indicators (life expectancy at birth or survival to a given age) are important indicators of health status in a country. Because data on the incidence and prevalence of diseases are frequently unavailable, mortality rates are often used to identify vulnerable populations. And they are among the indicators most frequently used to compare socioeconomic development across countries.

Limitations and Exceptions: Annual data series from United Nations Population Division's World Population Prospects are interpolated data from 5-year period data. Therefore they may not reflect real events as much as observed data.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Life expectancy at birth used here is the average number of years a newborn is expected to live if mortality patterns at the time of its birth remain constant in the future. It reflects the overall mortality level of a population, and summarizes the mortality pattern that prevails across all age groups in a given year. It is calculated in a period life table which provides a snapshot of a population's mortality pattern at a given time. It therefore does not reflect the mortality pattern that a person actually experiences during his/her life, which can be calculated in a cohort life table. High mortality in young age groups significantly lowers the life expectancy at birth. But if a person survives his/her childhood of high mortality, he/she may live much longer. For example, in a population with a life expectancy at birth of 50, there may be few people dying at age 50. The life expectancy at birth may be low due to the high childhood mortality so that once a person survives his/her childhood, he/she may live much longer than 50 years.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

Classification

Topic: Health Indicators

Sub-Topic: Mortality