Life expectancy at birth, total (years) - Country Ranking - Central America & the Caribbean

Definition: Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.

Source: Derived from male and female life expectancy at birth from sources such as: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demograp

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Costa Rica 79.61 2015
2 Puerto Rico 79.60 2015
3 Cuba 79.54 2015
4 Panama 77.82 2015
5 Dominica 76.60 2002
6 Antigua and Barbuda 76.08 2015
7 Jamaica 75.81 2015
8 Barbados 75.64 2015
9 The Bahamas 75.37 2015
10 St. Lucia 75.28 2015
11 Nicaragua 75.04 2015
12 Dominican Republic 73.70 2015
13 Grenada 73.50 2015
14 Honduras 73.32 2015
15 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 73.06 2015
16 Guatemala 73.04 2015
17 El Salvador 73.00 2015
18 St. Kitts and Nevis 71.34 2002
19 Trinidad and Tobago 70.59 2015
20 Belize 70.31 2015
21 Haiti 63.01 2015

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Development Relevance: Mortality rates for different age groups (infants, children, and adults) and overall mortality indicators (life expectancy at birth or survival to a given age) are important indicators of health status in a country. Because data on the incidence and prevalence of diseases are frequently unavailable, mortality rates are often used to identify vulnerable populations. And they are among the indicators most frequently used to compare socioeconomic development across countries.

Limitations and Exceptions: Annual data series from United Nations Population Division's World Population Prospects are interpolated data from 5-year period data. Therefore they may not reflect real events as much as observed data.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Life expectancy at birth used here is the average number of years a newborn is expected to live if mortality patterns at the time of its birth remain constant in the future. It reflects the overall mortality level of a population, and summarizes the mortality pattern that prevails across all age groups in a given year. It is calculated in a period life table which provides a snapshot of a population's mortality pattern at a given time. It therefore does not reflect the mortality pattern that a person actually experiences during his/her life, which can be calculated in a cohort life table. High mortality in young age groups significantly lowers the life expectancy at birth. But if a person survives his/her childhood of high mortality, he/she may live much longer. For example, in a population with a life expectancy at birth of 50, there may be few people dying at age 50. The life expectancy at birth may be low due to the high childhood mortality so that once a person survives his/her childhood, he/she may live much longer than 50 years.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual