Australia - Life expectancy at birth, total (years)

The value for Life expectancy at birth, total (years) in Australia was 82.45 as of 2015. As the graph below shows, over the past 55 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 82.45 in 2015 and a minimum value of 70.82 in 1960.

Definition: Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.

Source: Derived from male and female life expectancy at birth from sources such as: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demograp

See also:

Year Value
1960 70.82
1961 70.97
1962 70.94
1963 70.91
1964 70.88
1965 70.85
1966 70.82
1967 70.87
1968 70.92
1969 70.97
1970 71.02
1971 71.07
1972 71.46
1973 71.85
1974 72.24
1975 72.63
1976 73.01
1977 73.34
1978 73.67
1979 74.00
1980 74.33
1981 74.66
1982 74.90
1983 75.15
1984 75.39
1985 75.63
1986 75.87
1987 76.15
1988 76.43
1989 76.71
1990 76.99
1991 77.28
1992 77.38
1993 77.88
1994 77.88
1995 77.83
1996 78.08
1997 78.48
1998 78.63
1999 78.93
2000 79.23
2001 79.63
2002 79.94
2003 80.24
2004 80.49
2005 80.84
2006 81.04
2007 81.29
2008 81.40
2009 81.54
2010 81.70
2011 81.90
2012 82.05
2013 82.15
2014 82.30
2015 82.45

Development Relevance: Mortality rates for different age groups (infants, children, and adults) and overall mortality indicators (life expectancy at birth or survival to a given age) are important indicators of health status in a country. Because data on the incidence and prevalence of diseases are frequently unavailable, mortality rates are often used to identify vulnerable populations. And they are among the indicators most frequently used to compare socioeconomic development across countries.

Limitations and Exceptions: Annual data series from United Nations Population Division's World Population Prospects are interpolated data from 5-year period data. Therefore they may not reflect real events as much as observed data.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Life expectancy at birth used here is the average number of years a newborn is expected to live if mortality patterns at the time of its birth remain constant in the future. It reflects the overall mortality level of a population, and summarizes the mortality pattern that prevails across all age groups in a given year. It is calculated in a period life table which provides a snapshot of a population's mortality pattern at a given time. It therefore does not reflect the mortality pattern that a person actually experiences during his/her life, which can be calculated in a cohort life table. High mortality in young age groups significantly lowers the life expectancy at birth. But if a person survives his/her childhood of high mortality, he/she may live much longer. For example, in a population with a life expectancy at birth of 50, there may be few people dying at age 50. The life expectancy at birth may be low due to the high childhood mortality so that once a person survives his/her childhood, he/she may live much longer than 50 years.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

Classification

Topic: Health Indicators

Sub-Topic: Mortality