Germany - CO2 emissions

CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt)

The value for CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt) in Germany was 145,147 as of 2014. As the graph below shows, over the past 23 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 181,616 in 2006 and a minimum value of 130,256 in 1992.

Definition: Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of natural gas as an energy source.

Source: Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.

See also:

Year Value
1991 132,276
1992 130,256
1993 136,816
1994 140,142
1995 154,135
1996 172,375
1997 164,784
1998 166,574
1999 164,894
2000 164,568
2001 173,126
2002 173,082
2003 173,779
2004 174,491
2005 178,147
2006 181,616
2007 175,198
2008 176,727
2009 166,577
2010 173,845
2011 159,397
2012 159,911
2013 167,428
2014 145,147

CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total)

CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total) in Germany was 20.16 as of 2014. Its highest value over the past 23 years was 23.06 in 2009, while its lowest value was 14.22 in 1991.

Definition: Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of natural gas as an energy source.

Source: Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.

See also:

Year Value
1991 14.22
1992 14.60
1993 15.59
1994 16.19
1995 17.84
1996 19.38
1997 19.11
1998 19.47
1999 20.05
2000 19.83
2001 20.28
2002 20.86
2003 21.12
2004 21.36
2005 22.35
2006 22.24
2007 22.45
2008 22.64
2009 23.06
2010 22.91
2011 21.76
2012 21.61
2013 22.11
2014 20.16

CO2 emissions (kg per 2010 US$ of GDP)

The latest value for CO2 emissions (kg per 2010 US$ of GDP) in Germany was 0.197 as of 2014. Over the past 23 years, the value for this indicator has fluctuated between 0.344 in 1991 and 0.197 in 2014.

Definition: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.

Source: Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.

See also:

Year Value
1991 0.344
1992 0.324
1993 0.322
1994 0.310
1995 0.304
1996 0.311
1997 0.296
1998 0.288
1999 0.271
2000 0.266
2001 0.269
2002 0.261
2003 0.261
2004 0.256
2005 0.248
2006 0.245
2007 0.227
2008 0.224
2009 0.220
2010 0.222
2011 0.207
2012 0.208
2013 0.212
2014 0.197

CO2 emissions (kt)

The value for CO2 emissions (kt) in Germany was 719,883 as of 2014. As the graph below shows, over the past 23 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 929,973 in 1991 and a minimum value of 719,883 in 2014.

Definition: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.

Source: Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.

See also:

Year Value
1991 929,973
1992 891,976
1993 877,645
1994 865,559
1995 864,110
1996 889,614
1997 862,277
1998 855,364
1999 822,460
2000 829,978
2001 853,663
2002 829,725
2003 822,812
2004 816,802
2005 797,180
2006 816,472
2007 780,547
2008 780,565
2009 722,263
2010 758,860
2011 732,498
2012 739,861
2013 757,313
2014 719,883

CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt)

The value for CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt) in Germany was 250,320 as of 2014. As the graph below shows, over the past 23 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 346,693 in 1996 and a minimum value of 250,320 in 2014.

Definition: Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of petroleum-derived fuels as an energy source.

Source: Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.

See also:

Year Value
1991 333,624
1992 336,697
1993 340,668
1994 335,226
1995 336,264
1996 346,693
1997 340,917
1998 339,773
1999 324,423
2000 316,880
2001 326,884
2002 312,322
2003 304,262
2004 296,125
2005 287,570
2006 288,542
2007 254,226
2008 275,971
2009 261,156
2010 263,962
2011 254,728
2012 254,156
2013 258,058
2014 250,320

CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total)

CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total) in Germany was 34.77 as of 2014. Its highest value over the past 23 years was 39.72 in 1998, while its lowest value was 32.57 in 2007.

Definition: Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of petroleum-derived fuels as an energy source.

Source: Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.

See also:

Year Value
1991 35.87
1992 37.75
1993 38.82
1994 38.73
1995 38.91
1996 38.97
1997 39.54
1998 39.72
1999 39.45
2000 38.18
2001 38.29
2002 37.64
2003 36.98
2004 36.25
2005 36.07
2006 35.34
2007 32.57
2008 35.36
2009 36.16
2010 34.78
2011 34.78
2012 34.35
2013 34.08
2014 34.77

CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita)

The value for CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita) in Germany was 8.89 as of 2014. As the graph below shows, over the past 23 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 11.62 in 1991 and a minimum value of 8.82 in 2009.

Definition: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.

Source: Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.

See also:

Year Value
1991 11.62
1992 11.06
1993 10.81
1994 10.63
1995 10.58
1996 10.86
1997 10.51
1998 10.43
1999 10.02
2000 10.10
2001 10.37
2002 10.06
2003 9.97
2004 9.90
2005 9.67
2006 9.91
2007 9.49
2008 9.51
2009 8.82
2010 9.28
2011 9.12
2012 9.20
2013 9.39
2014 8.89

CO2 emissions (kg per PPP $ of GDP)

The latest value for CO2 emissions (kg per PPP $ of GDP) in Germany was 0.188 as of 2014. Over the past 23 years, the value for this indicator has fluctuated between 0.555 in 1991 and 0.188 in 2014.

Definition: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.

Source: Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.

See also:

Year Value
1991 0.555
1992 0.511
1993 0.496
1994 0.467
1995 0.449
1996 0.450
1997 0.427
1998 0.411
1999 0.380
2000 0.370
2001 0.363
2002 0.343
2003 0.332
2004 0.315
2005 0.302
2006 0.289
2007 0.260
2008 0.250
2009 0.238
2010 0.236
2011 0.214
2012 0.211
2013 0.208
2014 0.188

CO2 emissions (kg per 2011 PPP $ of GDP)

The latest value for CO2 emissions (kg per 2011 PPP $ of GDP) in Germany was 0.204 as of 2014. Over the past 23 years, the value for this indicator has fluctuated between 0.356 in 1991 and 0.204 in 2014.

Definition: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.

Source: Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.

See also:

Year Value
1991 0.356
1992 0.335
1993 0.333
1994 0.320
1995 0.314
1996 0.321
1997 0.306
1998 0.297
1999 0.280
2000 0.275
2001 0.278
2002 0.270
2003 0.270
2004 0.265
2005 0.256
2006 0.253
2007 0.234
2008 0.232
2009 0.227
2010 0.230
2011 0.214
2012 0.215
2013 0.219
2014 0.204

CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt)

The value for CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt) in Germany was 308,387 as of 2014. As the graph below shows, over the past 23 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 445,783 in 1991 and a minimum value of 279,557 in 2009.

Definition: Carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of coal as an energy source.

Source: Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.

See also:

Year Value
1991 445,783
1992 405,548
1993 381,196
1994 370,756
1995 354,526
1996 352,281
1997 336,110
1998 327,903
1999 312,282
2000 328,061
2001 334,852
2002 326,117
2003 328,387
2004 330,268
2005 315,967
2006 329,509
2007 334,449
2008 311,655
2009 279,557
2010 306,466
2011 301,618
2012 309,598
2013 316,191
2014 308,387

CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total)

CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total) in Germany was 42.84 as of 2014. Its highest value over the past 23 years was 47.93 in 1991, while its lowest value was 37.97 in 1999.

Definition: Carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of coal as an energy source.

Source: Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.

See also:

Year Value
1991 47.93
1992 45.47
1993 43.43
1994 42.83
1995 41.03
1996 39.60
1997 38.98
1998 38.33
1999 37.97
2000 39.53
2001 39.23
2002 39.30
2003 39.91
2004 40.43
2005 39.64
2006 40.36
2007 42.85
2008 39.93
2009 38.71
2010 40.39
2011 41.18
2012 41.85
2013 41.75
2014 42.84

GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (Mt of CO2 equivalent)

The value for GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (Mt of CO2 equivalent) in Germany was 17.56 as of 2009. As the graph below shows, over the past 19 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 17.56 in 2009 and a minimum value of -32.92 in 2001.

Definition: GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF refers to changes in atmospheric levels of all greenhouse gases attributable to forest and land-use change activities, including but not limited to (1) emissions and removals of CO2 from decreases or increases in biomass stocks due to forest management, logging, fuelwood collection, etc.; (2) conversion of existing forests and natural grasslands to other land uses; (3) removal of CO2 from the abandonment of formerly managed lands (e.g. croplands and pastures); and (4) emissions and removals of CO2 in soil associated with land-use change and management. For Annex-I countries under the UNFCCC, these data are drawn from the annual GHG inventories submitted to the UNFCCC by each country; for non-Annex-I countries, data are drawn from the most recently submitted National Communication where available. Because of differences in reporting years and methodologies, these data are not generally considered comparable across countries. Data are in million metric tons.

Source: United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.

See also:

Year Value
1990 -31.17
1991 -31.38
1992 -31.61
1993 -31.86
1994 -31.87
1995 -31.85
1996 -32.05
1997 -32.18
1998 -32.21
1999 -32.37
2000 -32.38
2001 -32.92
2002 16.62
2003 16.27
2004 16.06
2005 15.76
2006 14.07
2007 15.19
2008 15.22
2009 17.56

CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services (% of total fuel combustion)

CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services (% of total fuel combustion) in Germany was 17.67 as of 2014. Its highest value over the past 54 years was 24.81 in 1970, while its lowest value was 16.87 in 2007.

Definition: CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services contains all emissions from fuel combustion in households. This corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 4 b. Commercial and public services includes emissions from all activities of ISIC Divisions 41, 50-52, 55, 63-67, 70-75, 80, 85, 90-93 and 99.

Source: IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/

See also:

Year Value
1960 17.40
1961 18.30
1962 20.06
1963 21.84
1964 20.64
1965 20.55
1966 21.30
1967 21.40
1968 21.47
1969 22.72
1970 24.81
1971 23.50
1972 23.02
1973 23.03
1974 21.17
1975 21.55
1976 21.87
1977 21.57
1978 21.37
1979 21.45
1980 19.59
1981 18.48
1982 18.02
1983 17.20
1984 21.66
1985 23.07
1986 23.93
1987 23.55
1988 21.77
1989 19.37
1990 20.98
1991 21.26
1992 20.49
1993 21.57
1994 20.48
1995 20.73
1996 22.45
1997 21.56
1998 20.81
1999 20.18
2000 19.81
2001 21.29
2002 20.16
2003 21.05
2004 20.26
2005 20.29
2006 21.04
2007 16.87
2008 19.80
2009 19.80
2010 19.94
2011 17.85
2012 18.52
2013 19.42
2014 17.67

CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total (% of total fuel combustion)

CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total (% of total fuel combustion) in Germany was 48.47 as of 2014. Its highest value over the past 54 years was 51.18 in 2007, while its lowest value was 32.85 in 1963.

Definition: CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production is the sum of three IEA categories of CO2 emissions: (1) Main Activity Producer Electricity and Heat which contains the sum of emissions from main activity producer electricity generation, combined heat and power generation and heat plants. Main activity producers (formerly known as public utilities) are defined as those undertakings whose primary activity is to supply the public. They may be publicly or privately owned. This corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 1 a. For the CO2 emissions from fuel combustion (summary) file, emissions from own on-site use of fuel in power plants (EPOWERPLT) are also included. (2) Unallocated Autoproducers which contains the emissions from the generation of electricity and/or heat by autoproducers. Autoproducers are defined as undertakings that generate electricity and/or heat, wholly or partly for their own use as an activity which supports their primary activity. They may be privately or publicly owned. In the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, these emissions would normally be distributed between industry, transport and "other" sectors. (3) Other Energy Industries contains emissions from fuel combusted in petroleum refineries, for the manufacture of solid fuels, coal mining, oil and gas extraction and other energy-producing industries. This corresponds to the IPCC Source/Sink Categories 1 A 1 b and 1 A 1 c. According to the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, emissions from coke inputs to blast furnaces can either be counted here or in the Industrial Processes source/sink category. Within detailed sectoral calculations, certain non-energy processes can be distinguished. In the reduction of iron in a blast furnace through the combustion of coke, the primary purpose of the coke oxidation is to produce pig iron and the emissions can be considered as an industrial process. Care must be taken not to double count these emissions in both Energy and Industrial Processes. In the IEA estimations, these emissions have been included in this category.

Source: IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/

See also:

Year Value
1960 33.62
1961 33.85
1962 33.23
1963 32.85
1964 34.02
1965 33.92
1966 33.71
1967 33.70
1968 34.68
1969 35.11
1970 37.41
1971 39.03
1972 39.45
1973 39.00
1974 40.65
1975 39.89
1976 41.31
1977 41.05
1978 41.19
1979 41.37
1980 43.15
1981 43.92
1982 44.80
1983 44.59
1984 44.12
1985 42.63
1986 42.71
1987 42.45
1988 43.03
1989 44.49
1990 43.83
1991 44.63
1992 44.77
1993 44.11
1994 44.83
1995 44.31
1996 43.99
1997 43.79
1998 44.20
1999 44.08
2000 44.84
2001 45.39
2002 46.33
2003 46.84
2004 47.19
2005 47.76
2006 47.57
2007 51.18
2008 48.06
2009 47.67
2010 47.68
2011 48.47
2012 49.00
2013 48.45
2014 48.47

CO2 emissions from manufacturing industries and construction (% of total fuel combustion)

CO2 emissions from manufacturing industries and construction (% of total fuel combustion) in Germany was 12.44 as of 2014. Its highest value over the past 54 years was 33.56 in 1960, while its lowest value was 11.59 in 2001.

Definition: CO2 emissions from manufacturing industries and construction contains the emissions from combustion of fuels in industry. The IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 2 includes these emissions. However, in the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, the IPCC category also includes emissions from industry autoproducers that generate electricity and/or heat. The IEA data are not collected in a way that allows the energy consumption to be split by specific end-use and therefore, autoproducers are shown as a separate item (Unallocated Autoproducers). Manufacturing industries and construction also includes emissions from coke inputs into blast furnaces, which may be reported either in the transformation sector, the industry sector or the separate IPCC Source/Sink Category 2, Industrial Processes.

Source: IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/

See also:

Year Value
1960 33.56
1961 32.59
1962 30.60
1963 28.47
1964 29.82
1965 30.02
1966 29.04
1967 29.23
1968 28.21
1969 27.35
1970 25.68
1971 24.64
1972 24.17
1973 24.74
1974 24.95
1975 24.04
1976 22.59
1977 22.19
1978 21.77
1979 21.51
1980 20.32
1981 20.20
1982 19.06
1983 19.83
1984 19.21
1985 19.34
1986 17.82
1987 17.86
1988 18.24
1989 18.68
1990 16.61
1991 14.55
1992 14.21
1993 13.48
1994 13.72
1995 13.61
1996 12.45
1997 12.65
1998 12.51
1999 12.47
2000 12.64
2001 11.59
2002 11.71
2003 12.00
2004 12.06
2005 12.04
2006 12.09
2007 12.52
2008 12.88
2009 12.05
2010 12.79
2011 13.12
2012 12.48
2013 12.14
2014 12.44

CO2 emissions from other sectors, excluding residential buildings and commercial and public services (% of total fuel combustion)

CO2 emissions from other sectors, excluding residential buildings and commercial and public services (% of total fuel combustion) in Germany was 0.05 as of 2014. Its highest value over the past 54 years was 6.96 in 1963, while its lowest value was 0.05 in 2014.

Definition: CO2 emissions from other sectors, less residential buildings and commercial and public services, contains the emissions from commercial/institutional activities, residential, agriculture/forestry, fishing and other emissions not specified elsewhere that are included in the IPCC Source/Sink Categories 1 A 4 and 1 A 5. In the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, the category also includes emissions from autoproducers in the commercial/residential/agricultural sectors that generate electricity and/or heat. The IEA data are not collected in a way that allows the energy consumption to be split by specific end-use and therefore, autoproducers are shown as a separate item (Unallocated Autoproducers).

Source: IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/

See also:

Year Value
1960 5.74
1961 5.27
1962 6.11
1963 6.96
1964 5.48
1965 5.53
1966 5.31
1967 5.12
1968 5.24
1969 4.74
1970 2.51
1971 2.63
1972 3.00
1973 3.09
1974 3.26
1975 3.64
1976 3.78
1977 4.01
1978 4.02
1979 4.18
1980 4.69
1981 5.15
1982 5.33
1983 5.39
1984 1.91
1985 1.95
1986 1.99
1987 1.95
1988 2.17
1989 1.94
1990 1.73
1991 1.97
1992 1.84
1993 1.50
1994 1.65
1995 1.76
1996 2.06
1997 2.15
1998 2.09
1999 1.48
2000 1.36
2001 1.34
2002 1.37
2003 0.13
2004 0.12
2005 0.14
2006 0.10
2007 0.08
2008 0.07
2009 0.07
2010 0.07
2011 0.07
2012 0.06
2013 0.06
2014 0.05

CO2 emissions from transport (% of total fuel combustion)

CO2 emissions from transport (% of total fuel combustion) in Germany was 21.37 as of 2014. Its highest value over the past 54 years was 21.79 in 1999, while its lowest value was 9.59 in 1970.

Definition: CO2 emissions from transport contains emissions from the combustion of fuel for all transport activity, regardless of the sector, except for international marine bunkers and international aviation. This includes domestic aviation, domestic navigation, road, rail and pipeline transport, and corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 3. In addition, the IEA data are not collected in a way that allows the autoproducer consumption to be split by specific end-use and therefore, autoproducers are shown as a separate item (Unallocated Autoproducers).

Source: IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/

See also:

Year Value
1960 9.67
1961 9.99
1962 9.99
1963 9.89
1964 10.04
1965 9.98
1966 10.64
1967 10.55
1968 10.40
1969 10.08
1970 9.59
1971 10.20
1972 10.36
1973 10.14
1974 9.97
1975 10.89
1976 10.44
1977 11.19
1978 11.65
1979 11.48
1980 12.25
1981 12.24
1982 12.79
1983 12.98
1984 13.09
1985 13.00
1986 13.55
1987 14.19
1988 14.80
1989 15.52
1990 16.87
1991 17.59
1992 18.69
1993 19.34
1994 19.32
1995 19.60
1996 19.05
1997 19.86
1998 20.40
1999 21.79
2000 21.35
2001 20.38
2002 20.43
2003 19.98
2004 20.37
2005 19.78
2006 19.20
2007 19.34
2008 19.20
2009 20.41
2010 19.51
2011 20.50
2012 19.93
2013 19.94
2014 21.37

Classification

Topic: Environment Indicators

Sub-Topic: Emissions