CO2 emissions from other sectors, excluding residential buildings and commercial and public services (% of total fuel combustion) - Country Ranking

Definition: CO2 emissions from other sectors, less residential buildings and commercial and public services, contains the emissions from commercial/institutional activities, residential, agriculture/forestry, fishing and other emissions not specified elsewhere that are included in the IPCC Source/Sink Categories 1 A 4 and 1 A 5. In the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, the category also includes emissions from autoproducers in the commercial/residential/agricultural sectors that generate electricity and/or heat. The IEA data are not collected in a way that allows the energy consumption to be split by specific end-use and therefore, autoproducers are shown as a separate item (Unallocated Autoproducers).

Source: IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Tajikistan 60.52 2014
2 Namibia 34.82 2014
3 Iceland 30.39 2014
4 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 18.47 2014
5 Turkmenistan 17.28 2014
6 Suriname 17.09 2014
7 Bolivia 14.86 2014
8 Myanmar 14.62 2014
9 Cuba 10.83 2014
10 Nigeria 10.75 2014
11 Ecuador 9.40 2014
12 Kyrgyz Republic 9.33 2014
13 Cambodia 8.03 2014
14 Uruguay 7.97 2014
15 Ethiopia 7.89 2014
16 Nepal 7.59 2014
17 Zimbabwe 7.57 2014
18 Syrian Arab Republic 7.29 2014
19 Albania 6.55 2014
20 Argentina 6.47 2014
21 Mongolia 6.44 2014
22 Colombia 5.66 2014
23 Latvia 5.36 2014
24 Zambia 5.33 2014
25 Norway 5.27 2014
26 Bangladesh 5.17 2014
27 New Zealand 5.06 2014
28 Thailand 5.00 2014
29 Honduras 4.80 2014
30 Sudan 4.72 2014
31 France 4.70 2014
32 Netherlands 4.53 2014
33 Morocco 4.48 2014
34 Tunisia 4.44 2014
35 Denmark 4.38 2014
36 Croatia 4.36 2014
37 Finland 4.27 2014
38 Yemen 4.08 2014
39 Belarus 4.06 2014
40 Brazil 4.05 2014
41 Turkey 3.71 2014
42 Azerbaijan 3.61 2014
43 Côte d'Ivoire 3.53 2014
44 Uzbekistan 3.52 2014
45 Hungary 3.50 2014
46 Egypt 3.49 2014
47 Poland 3.39 2014
48 Spain 3.30 2014
49 Bosnia and Herzegovina 3.05 2014
50 India 3.02 2014
51 Canada 2.91 2014
52 Costa Rica 2.79 2014
53 Portugal 2.69 2014
54 Oman 2.55 2014
55 Lithuania 2.52 2014
56 Moldova 2.48 2014
57 South Africa 2.42 2014
58 Algeria 2.37 2014
59 Italy 2.23 2014
60 Iran 2.13 2014
61 Slovenia 2.12 2014
62 Sri Lanka 2.09 2014
63 China 2.07 2014
64 Mexico 2.07 2014
65 Romania 2.00 2014
66 Jordan 1.99 2014
67 Estonia 1.88 2014
68 Ukraine 1.87 2014
69 Belgium 1.87 2014
70 Ghana 1.75 2014
71 Cyprus 1.74 2014
72 Gabon 1.72 2014
73 Australia 1.69 2014
74 Kenya 1.62 2014
75 Ireland 1.57 2014
76 Korea 1.45 2014
77 Czech Republic 1.44 2014
78 Indonesia 1.43 2014
79 Malaysia 1.39 2014
80 Brunei 1.34 2014
81 Greece 1.34 2014
82 Kazakhstan 1.30 2014
83 Switzerland 1.22 2014
84 Austria 1.18 2014
85 Russia 1.15 2014
86 Vietnam 1.14 2014
87 Bulgaria 1.12 2014
88 Slovak Republic 1.06 2014
89 Sweden 1.04 2014
90 Jamaica 0.98 2014
91 United Kingdom 0.96 2014
92 Serbia 0.94 2014
93 United States 0.94 2014
94 Nicaragua 0.88 2014
95 Malta 0.85 2014
96 Peru 0.84 2014
97 Chile 0.79 2014
98 Dominican Republic 0.78 2014
99 Mozambique 0.78 2014
100 Botswana 0.73 2014
101 Tanzania 0.68 2014
102 Luxembourg 0.65 2014
103 Senegal 0.64 2014
104 Panama 0.57 2014
105 Philippines 0.55 2014
106 Macedonia 0.54 2014
107 Montenegro 0.45 2014
108 Georgia 0.39 2014
109 Armenia 0.38 2014
110 Angola 0.36 2014
111 Israel 0.32 2014
112 Pakistan 0.28 2014
113 Mauritius 0.25 2014
114 Japan 0.21 2014
115 Germany 0.05 2014
116 Hong Kong SAR, China 0.02 2014
117 Benin 0.00 2014
118 Cameroon 0.00 2014
119 Guatemala 0.00 2014
120 Trinidad and Tobago 0.00 2014
121 Paraguay 0.00 2014
121 Qatar 0.00 2014
121 Togo 0.00 2014
121 Kuwait 0.00 2014
121 Dem. Rep. Congo 0.00 2014
121 Libya 0.00 2014
121 Iraq 0.00 2014
121 United Arab Emirates 0.00 2014
121 Congo 0.00 2014
121 Lebanon 0.00 2014
121 Niger 0.00 2014
121 Bahrain 0.00 2014
121 Saudi Arabia 0.00 2014
134 Singapore 0.00 2014
135 Haiti 0.00 2014
136 Venezuela 0.00 2014
137 El Salvador -0.17 2014
138 Eritrea -1.79 2014

More rankings: Africa | Asia | Central America & the Caribbean | Europe | Middle East | North America | Oceania | South America | World |

Development Relevance: Carbon dioxide (CO2) is naturally occurring gas fixed by photosynthesis into organic matter. A byproduct of fossil fuel combustion and biomass burning, it is also emitted from land use changes and other industrial processes. It is the principal anthropogenic greenhouse gas that affects the Earth's radiative balance. It is the reference gas against which other greenhouse gases are measured, thus having a Global Warming Potential of 1. Emission intensity is the average emission rate of a given pollutant from a given source relative to the intensity of a specific activity. Emission intensities are also used to compare the environmental impact of different fuels or activities. The related terms - emission factor and carbon intensity - are often used interchangeably. Burning of carbon-based fuels since the industrial revolution has rapidly increased concentrations of atmospheric carbon dioxide, increasing the rate of global warming and causing anthropogenic climate change. It is also a major source of ocean acidification since it dissolves in water to form carbonic acid. The addition of man-made greenhouse gases to the Atmosphere disturbs the earth's radiative balance. This is leading to an increase in the earth's surface temperature and to related effects on climate, sea level rise and world agriculture. Emissions of CO2 are from burning oil, coal and gas for energy use, burning wood and waste materials, and from industrial processes such as cement production. Global emissions of carbon dioxide have risen by 99%, or on average 2.0% per year, since 1971, and are projected to rise by another 45% by 2030, or by 1.6% per year. It is estimated that emissions in China have risen by 5.7 percent per annum between 1971 and 2006 - the use of coal in China increased levels of CO2 by 4.8 billion tonnes over this period. The environmental effects of carbon dioxide are of significant interest. Carbon dioxide (CO2) makes up the largest share of the greenhouse gases contributing to global warming and climate change. Converting all other greenhouse gases (methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), sulphur hexafluoride (SF6)) to carbon dioxide (or CO2) equivalents makes it possible to compare them and to determine their individual and total contributions to global warming. The Kyoto Protocol, an environmental agreement adopted in 1997 by many of the parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), is working towards curbing CO2 emissions globally.

Limitations and Exceptions: As a response to the objectives of the UNFCCC, the IEA Secretariat, together with the IPCC, the OECD and umerous international experts, has helped to develop and refine an internationally-agreed methodology for the calculation and reporting of national greenhouse-gas emissions from fuel combustion. This methodology was published in 1995 in the IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories. After the initial dissemination of the methodology, revisions were added to several chapters, and published as the Revised 1996 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories (1996 IPCC Guidelines). In April 2006, the IPCC approved the 2006 Guidelines at the 25th session of the IPCC in Mauritius. For now, most countries (as well as the IEA Secretariat) are still calculating their inventories using the 1996 IPCC Guidelines.1. Both the 1996 IPCC Guidelines and the 2006 IPCC Guidelines are available from the IPCC Greenhouse Gas Inventories Programme (www.ipcc-nggip.iges.or.jp). Since the IPCC methodology for fuel combustion is largely based on energy balances, the IEA estimates for CO2 from fuel combustion have been calculated using the IEA energy balances and the default IPCC methodology. However, other possibly more detailed methodologies may be used by Parties to calculate their inventories. This may lead to different estimates of emissions. The carbon dioxide emissions of a country are only an indicator of one greenhouse gas. For a more complete idea of how a country influences climate change, gases such as methane and nitrous oxide should be taken into account. This is particularly important in agricultural economies.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Carbon dioxide emissions account for the largest share of greenhouse gases, which are associated with global warming. In 2010 the International Energy Agency (IEA) released data on carbon dioxide emissions by sector for the first time, allowing a more comprehensive understanding of each sector's contribution to total emissions. The sectoral approach yields data on carbon dioxide emissions from fuel combustion (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [IPCC] source/sink category 1A) as calculated using the IPCC tier 1 sectoral approach. Carbon dioxide emissions from other sectors are emissions from commercial and institutional activities and from residential, agriculture and forestry, fishing, and other processes not specified elsewhere that are included in IPCC source/sink categories 1A4 and 1A5. Although in the 1996 IPCC guidelines, this category included emissions from autoproducers in the commercial, residential, and agricultural sectors that generate electricity or heat, the IEA data do not allow energy consumption to be classified by end-use, and thus emissions from autoproducers are listed separately under unallocated autoproducers. Carbon dioxide emissions, largely by-products of energy production and use, account for the largest share of greenhouse gases, which are associated with global warming. Anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions result primarily from fossil fuel combustion and cement manufacturing. In combustion different fossil fuels release different amounts of carbon dioxide for the same level of energy use: oil releases about 50 percent more carbon dioxide than natural gas, and coal releases about twice as much. Cement manufacturing releases about half a metric ton of carbon dioxide for each metric ton of cement produced.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: Restricted use: Please contact the International Energy Agency for third-party use of these data.