CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total) - Country Ranking

Definition: Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of petroleum-derived fuels as an energy source.

Source: Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 St. Lucia 100.00 2014
1 Tonga 100.00 2014
1 Guyana 100.00 2014
1 Nauru 100.00 2014
1 Solomon Islands 100.00 2014
1 Somalia 100.00 2014
1 Timor-Leste 100.00 2014
1 Tuvalu 100.00 2014
1 Antigua and Barbuda 100.00 2014
1 Cabo Verde 100.00 2014
1 Dominica 100.00 2014
1 St. Kitts and Nevis 100.00 2014
1 Andorra 100.00 2014
1 Samoa 100.00 2014
1 Central African Republic 100.00 2014
1 Malta 100.00 2014
1 Mali 100.00 2014
1 Palau 100.00 2014
1 Comoros 100.00 2014
1 Vanuatu 100.00 2014
1 Cayman Islands 100.00 2014
1 Guinea-Bissau 100.00 2014
1 Grenada 100.00 2014
1 São Tomé and Principe 100.00 2014
1 Seychelles 100.00 2014
1 Greenland 100.00 2014
1 Kiribati 100.00 2014
1 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 100.00 2014
29 The Bahamas 99.70 2014
30 Belize 99.26 2014
31 The Gambia 98.57 2014
32 Dem. Rep. Congo 96.39 2014
33 Suriname 96.13 2014
34 Haiti 94.74 2014
35 Papua New Guinea 94.49 2014
36 Cyprus 93.83 2014
37 Burkina Faso 92.92 2014
38 Nicaragua 92.84 2014
39 Uruguay 92.39 2014
40 El Salvador 92.07 2014
41 Fiji 91.85 2014
42 Rwanda 91.70 2014
43 Macao SAR, China 91.43 2014
44 Barbados 91.35 2014
45 Paraguay 91.25 2014
46 Cuba 91.11 2014
47 Jamaica 90.66 2014
48 Guinea 89.67 2014
49 Sudan 88.71 2014
50 Namibia 88.57 2014
51 Burundi 88.33 2014
52 Costa Rica 87.38 2014
53 Sierra Leone 87.11 2014
54 Chad 86.43 2014
55 Benin 86.07 2014
56 Lebanon 85.97 2014
57 Mauritania 85.79 2014
58 Honduras 85.44 2014
59 Ecuador 84.45 2014
60 Liberia 84.31 2014
61 Jordan 83.97 2014
62 Iceland 83.36 2014
63 Niger 82.76 2014
64 Yemen 82.23 2014
65 Ghana 80.81 2014
66 Guatemala 80.03 2014
67 Eritrea 78.42 2014
68 Congo 77.96 2014
69 Cambodia 75.81 2014
70 Djibouti 75.63 2014
71 Switzerland 75.09 2014
72 Sweden 74.50 2014
73 Iraq 73.93 2014
74 Sri Lanka 73.78 2014
75 Panama 72.83 2014
76 Cameroon 72.57 2014
77 Luxembourg 72.25 2014
78 Kenya 71.77 2014
79 Uganda 70.90 2014
80 Ethiopia 69.46 2014
81 Saudi Arabia 68.75 2014
82 Myanmar 67.94 2014
83 Albania 67.54 2014
84 Tanzania 67.14 2014
85 Dominican Republic 67.04 2014
86 Malawi 66.67 2014
87 Norway 65.77 2014
88 Mozambique 65.58 2014
89 Togo 65.31 2014
90 Zambia 64.90 2014
91 Brazil 63.99 2014
92 Libya 63.60 2014
93 Madagascar 62.81 2014
94 New Caledonia 62.31 2014
95 Syrian Arab Republic 62.08 2014
96 Senegal 61.82 2014
97 Kuwait 61.31 2014
98 France 61.20 2014
99 Swaziland 60.06 2014
100 Singapore 59.31 2014
101 Mauritius 58.98 2014
102 Nepal 57.85 2014
103 Morocco 57.48 2014
104 Venezuela 56.32 2014
105 Mexico 56.02 2014
106 Angola 56.01 2014
107 Chile 56.01 2014
108 Spain 55.15 2014
109 Côte d'Ivoire 54.02 2014
110 Portugal 53.78 2014
111 Belgium 53.20 2014
112 New Zealand 53.04 2014
113 Lithuania 52.90 2014
114 Gabon 52.90 2014
115 Latvia 52.68 2014
116 Afghanistan 52.07 2014
117 Bolivia 52.05 2014
118 Austria 51.58 2014
119 Slovenia 51.17 2014
120 Croatia 51.01 2014
121 Denmark 50.42 2014
122 Indonesia 50.30 2014
123 Finland 50.25 2014
124 Ireland 49.30 2014
125 Tajikistan 48.69 2014
126 Greece 48.51 2014
127 Thailand 47.81 2014
128 Colombia 47.34 2014
129 Canada 46.23 2014
130 Argentina 46.16 2014
131 Italy 44.94 2014
132 Moldova 44.24 2014
133 Pakistan 43.50 2014
134 Botswana 42.70 2014
135 Philippines 42.43 2014
136 Peru 42.10 2014
137 Tunisia 41.15 2014
138 Egypt 40.83 2014
139 Bhutan 40.66 2014
140 Japan 40.29 2014
141 United States 40.24 2014
142 Netherlands 40.05 2014
143 Kyrgyz Republic 38.78 2014
144 United Kingdom 38.67 2014
145 Hungary 38.61 2014
146 Iran 37.64 2014
147 Malaysia 36.91 2014
148 Algeria 36.37 2014
149 Montenegro 35.82 2014
150 Germany 34.77 2014
151 Macedonia 34.62 2014
152 Israel 34.13 2014
153 Nigeria 33.63 2014
154 Australia 33.27 2014
155 Romania 31.65 2014
156 Georgia 31.58 2014
157 United Arab Emirates 31.09 2014
158 Azerbaijan 31.05 2014
159 Zimbabwe 30.66 2014
160 Belarus 29.29 2014
161 Turkmenistan 29.22 2014
162 Vietnam 27.89 2014
163 Korea 26.62 2014
164 Bulgaria 26.09 2014
165 Lesotho 24.81 2014
166 Slovak Republic 23.09 2014
167 Russia 23.09 2014
168 India 22.97 2014
169 Turkey 22.96 2014
170 Lao PDR 22.89 2014
171 Serbia 21.83 2014
172 Hong Kong SAR, China 21.09 2014
173 Bangladesh 20.81 2014
174 Czech Republic 19.77 2014
175 Poland 19.58 2014
176 Brunei 18.56 2014
177 Bosnia and Herzegovina 18.42 2014
178 Oman 17.41 2014
179 Mongolia 16.28 2014
180 Armenia 15.52 2014
181 Ukraine 13.15 2014
182 Kazakhstan 13.02 2014
183 South Africa 12.31 2014
184 China 12.28 2014
185 Equatorial Guinea 11.39 2014
186 Trinidad and Tobago 9.85 2014
187 Uzbekistan 7.27 2014
188 Bahrain 7.07 2014
189 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 6.44 2014
190 Qatar 5.10 2014
191 Estonia 4.19 2014
192 Liechtenstein 0.00 2014

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Development Relevance: Carbon dioxide (CO2) is naturally occurring gas fixed by photosynthesis into organic matter. A byproduct of fossil fuel combustion and biomass burning, it is also emitted from land use changes and other industrial processes. It is the principal anthropogenic greenhouse gas that affects the Earth's radiative balance. It is the reference gas against which other greenhouse gases are measured, thus having a Global Warming Potential of 1. An emission intensity is the average emission rate of a given pollutant from a given source relative to the intensity of a specific activity. Emission intensities are also used to compare the environmental impact of different fuels or activities. The related terms - emission factor and carbon intensity - are often used interchangeably. Burning of carbon-based fuels since the industrial revolution has rapidly increased concentrations of atmospheric carbon dioxide, increasing the rate of global warming and causing anthropogenic climate change. It is also a major source of ocean acidification since it dissolves in water to form carbonic acid. The addition of man-made greenhouse gases to the Atmosphere disturbs the earth's radiative balance. This is leading to an increase in the earth's surface temperature and to related effects on climate, sea level rise and world agriculture. Emissions of CO2 are from burning oil, coal and gas for energy use, burning wood and waste materials, and from industrial processes such as cement production. The carbon dioxide emissions of a country are only an indicator of one greenhouse gas. For a more complete idea of how a country influences climate change, gases such as methane and nitrous oxide should be taken into account. This is particularly important in agricultural economies. The environmental effects of carbon dioxide are of significant interest. Carbon dioxide (CO2) makes up the largest share of the greenhouse gases contributing to global warming and climate change. Converting all other greenhouse gases (methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), sulphur hexafluoride (SF6)) to carbon dioxide (or CO2) equivalents makes it possible to compare them and to determine their individual and total contributions to global warming. The Kyoto Protocol, an environmental agreement adopted in 1997 by many of the parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), is working towards curbing CO2 emissions globally.

Limitations and Exceptions: The U.S. Department of Energy's Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) calculates annual anthropogenic emissions from data on fossil fuel consumption (from the United Nations Statistics Division's World Energy Data Set) and world cement manufacturing (from the U.S. Department of Interior's Geological Survey, USGS 2011). Although estimates of global carbon dioxide emissions are probably accurate within 10 percent (as calculated from global average fuel chemistry and use), country estimates may have larger error bounds. Trends estimated from a consistent time series tend to be more accurate than individual values. Each year the CDIAC recalculates the entire time series since 1949, incorporating recent findings and corrections. Estimates exclude fuels supplied to ships and aircraft in international transport because of the difficulty of apportioning the fuels among benefiting countries.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Carbon dioxide emissions, largely by-products of energy production and use, account for the largest share of greenhouse gases, which are associated with global warming. Anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions result primarily from fossil fuel combustion and cement manufacturing. In combustion different fossil fuels release different amounts of carbon dioxide for the same level of energy use: oil releases about 50 percent more carbon dioxide than natural gas, and coal releases about twice as much. Cement manufacturing releases about half a metric ton of carbon dioxide for each metric ton of cement produced. Data for carbon dioxide emissions include gases from the burning of fossil fuels and cement manufacture, but excludes emissions from land use such as deforestation. Carbon dioxide emissions are often calculated and reported as elemental carbon. The values were converted to actual carbon dioxide mass by multiplying them by 3.667 (the ratio of the mass of carbon to that of carbon dioxide).

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual