CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita) - Country Ranking

Definition: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.

Source: Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Qatar 45.42 2014
2 Trinidad and Tobago 34.16 2014
3 Kuwait 25.22 2014
4 Bahrain 23.45 2014
5 United Arab Emirates 23.30 2014
6 Brunei 22.12 2014
7 Saudi Arabia 19.53 2014
8 Luxembourg 17.36 2014
9 United States 16.49 2014
10 New Caledonia 16.01 2014
11 Oman 15.44 2014
12 Australia 15.40 2014
13 Canada 15.11 2014
14 Estonia 14.85 2014
15 Kazakhstan 14.36 2014
16 Turkmenistan 12.52 2014
17 Palau 12.34 2014
18 Russia 11.86 2014
19 Korea 11.57 2014
20 Singapore 10.31 2014
21 Netherlands 9.92 2014
22 Japan 9.54 2014
23 Norway 9.27 2014
24 Libya 9.19 2014
25 Cayman Islands 9.17 2014
26 Czech Republic 9.17 2014
27 South Africa 9.05 2014
28 Greenland 8.99 2014
29 Germany 8.89 2014
30 Finland 8.66 2014
31 Belgium 8.33 2014
32 Iran 8.28 2014
33 Malaysia 8.03 2014
34 Israel 7.86 2014
35 New Zealand 7.69 2014
36 China 7.54 2014
37 Poland 7.52 2014
38 Ireland 7.38 2014
39 Mongolia 7.13 2014
40 Austria 6.87 2014
41 Belarus 6.70 2014
42 United Kingdom 6.50 2014
43 Hong Kong SAR, China 6.38 2014
44 The Bahamas 6.32 2014
45 Bosnia and Herzegovina 6.23 2014
46 Slovenia 6.21 2014
47 Greece 6.18 2014
48 Iceland 6.06 2014
49 Venezuela 6.03 2014
50 Denmark 5.94 2014
51 Bulgaria 5.87 2014
52 Andorra 5.83 2014
53 Slovak Republic 5.66 2014
54 Malta 5.49 2014
55 Seychelles 5.42 2014
56 Antigua and Barbuda 5.38 2014
57 Serbia 5.28 2014
58 Italy 5.27 2014
59 Cyprus 5.26 2014
60 Spain 5.03 2014
61 Ukraine 5.02 2014
62 Iraq 4.81 2014
63 Argentina 4.75 2014
64 Equatorial Guinea 4.73 2014
65 Chile 4.69 2014
66 Thailand 4.62 2014
67 France 4.57 2014
68 Turkey 4.49 2014
69 Barbados 4.49 2014
70 Sweden 4.48 2014
71 Lithuania 4.38 2014
72 Portugal 4.33 2014
73 Switzerland 4.31 2014
74 St. Kitts and Nevis 4.30 2014
75 Lebanon 4.30 2014
76 Hungary 4.27 2014
77 Nauru 4.02 2014
78 Croatia 3.97 2014
79 Azerbaijan 3.93 2014
80 Mexico 3.87 2014
81 Algeria 3.72 2014
82 Suriname 3.63 2014
83 Macedonia 3.61 2014
84 Montenegro 3.56 2014
85 Romania 3.52 2014
86 Latvia 3.50 2014
87 Uzbekistan 3.42 2014
88 Mauritius 3.35 2014
89 Botswana 3.24 2014
90 Cuba 3.05 2014
91 Jordan 3.00 2014
92 Gabon 2.77 2014
93 Ecuador 2.76 2014
94 Guyana 2.63 2014
95 Brazil 2.59 2014
96 Jamaica 2.59 2014
97 Tunisia 2.59 2014
98 Georgia 2.41 2014
99 St. Lucia 2.31 2014
100 Grenada 2.28 2014
101 Panama 2.25 2014
102 Egypt 2.20 2014
103 Macao SAR, China 2.18 2014
104 Dominican Republic 2.07 2014
105 Peru 1.99 2014
106 Albania 1.98 2014
107 Uruguay 1.97 2014
108 Bolivia 1.93 2014
109 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 1.91 2014
110 Armenia 1.90 2014
111 Dominica 1.86 2014
112 Vietnam 1.84 2014
113 Indonesia 1.82 2014
114 Colombia 1.76 2014
115 Morocco 1.74 2014
116 India 1.73 2014
117 Kyrgyz Republic 1.65 2014
118 Costa Rica 1.63 2014
119 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 1.61 2014
120 Syrian Arab Republic 1.60 2014
121 Namibia 1.58 2014
122 Belize 1.41 2014
123 Moldova 1.39 2014
124 Fiji 1.32 2014
125 Angola 1.29 2014
126 Bhutan 1.29 2014
127 Liechtenstein 1.19 2014
128 Guatemala 1.15 2014
129 Lesotho 1.15 2014
130 Tonga 1.14 2014
131 Honduras 1.08 2014
132 Philippines 1.06 2014
133 Samoa 1.03 2014
134 Tuvalu 1.01 2014
135 El Salvador 1.00 2014
136 Cabo Verde 0.93 2014
137 Swaziland 0.93 2014
138 Pakistan 0.90 2014
139 Sri Lanka 0.89 2014
140 Paraguay 0.87 2014
141 Yemen 0.86 2014
142 Papua New Guinea 0.81 2014
143 Nicaragua 0.81 2014
144 Djibouti 0.79 2014
145 Zimbabwe 0.78 2014
146 Mauritania 0.67 2014
147 Congo 0.64 2014
148 Tajikistan 0.62 2014
149 Benin 0.61 2014
150 Senegal 0.61 2014
151 Vanuatu 0.59 2014
152 São Tomé and Principe 0.59 2014
153 Kiribati 0.56 2014
154 Nigeria 0.55 2014
155 Ghana 0.54 2014
156 Côte d'Ivoire 0.49 2014
157 Bangladesh 0.46 2014
158 Cambodia 0.44 2014
159 Myanmar 0.42 2014
160 Timor-Leste 0.39 2014
161 Togo 0.36 2014
162 Solomon Islands 0.35 2014
163 Cameroon 0.31 2014
164 Kenya 0.31 2014
165 Mozambique 0.31 2014
166 Sudan 0.31 2013
167 Afghanistan 0.30 2014
168 Lao PDR 0.30 2014
169 Zambia 0.29 2014
170 Nepal 0.28 2014
171 Haiti 0.27 2014
172 The Gambia 0.27 2014
173 Tanzania 0.22 2014
174 Liberia 0.21 2014
175 Guinea 0.21 2014
176 Comoros 0.20 2014
177 Sierra Leone 0.18 2014
178 Burkina Faso 0.16 2014
179 Guinea-Bissau 0.16 2014
180 Uganda 0.13 2014
181 Eritrea 0.13 2011
182 Madagascar 0.13 2014
183 Ethiopia 0.12 2014
184 Niger 0.11 2014
185 Mali 0.08 2014
186 Malawi 0.07 2014
187 Rwanda 0.07 2014
188 Central African Republic 0.07 2014
189 Dem. Rep. Congo 0.06 2014
190 Chad 0.05 2014
191 Somalia 0.05 2014
192 Burundi 0.04 2014

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Development Relevance: Carbon dioxide (CO2) is naturally occurring gas fixed by photosynthesis into organic matter. A byproduct of fossil fuel combustion and biomass burning, it is also emitted from land use changes and other industrial processes. It is the principal anthropogenic greenhouse gas that affects the Earth's radiative balance. It is the reference gas against which other greenhouse gases are measured, thus having a Global Warming Potential of 1. Burning of carbon-based fuels since the industrial revolution has rapidly increased concentrations of atmospheric carbon dioxide, increasing the rate of global warming and causing anthropogenic climate change. It is also a major source of ocean acidification since it dissolves in water to form carbonic acid. The addition of man-made greenhouse gases to the Atmosphere disturbs the earth's radiative balance. This is leading to an increase in the earth's surface temperature and to related effects on climate, sea level rise and world agriculture. Emissions of CO2 are from burning oil, coal and gas for energy use, burning wood and waste materials, and from industrial processes such as cement production. The carbon dioxide emissions of a country are only an indicator of one greenhouse gas. For a more complete idea of how a country influences climate change, gases such as methane and nitrous oxide should be taken into account. This is particularly important in agricultural economies. Emission intensity is the average emission rate of a given pollutant from a given source relative to the intensity of a specific activity. Emission intensities are also used to compare the environmental impact of different fuels or activities. The related terms - emission factor and carbon intensity - are often used interchangeably. The environmental effects of carbon dioxide are of significant interest. Carbon dioxide (CO2) makes up the largest share of the greenhouse gases contributing to global warming and climate change. Converting all other greenhouse gases (methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), sulphur hexafluoride (SF6)) to carbon dioxide (or CO2) equivalents makes it possible to compare them and to determine their individual and total contributions to global warming. The Kyoto Protocol, an environmental agreement adopted in 1997 by many of the parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), is working towards curbing CO2 emissions globally.

Limitations and Exceptions: The U.S. Department of Energy's Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) calculates annual anthropogenic emissions from data on fossil fuel consumption (from the United Nations Statistics Division's World Energy Data Set) and world cement manufacturing (from the U.S. Department of Interior's Geological Survey, USGS 2011). Although estimates of global carbon dioxide emissions are probably accurate within 10 percent (as calculated from global average fuel chemistry and use), country estimates may have larger error bounds. Trends estimated from a consistent time series tend to be more accurate than individual values. Each year the CDIAC recalculates the entire time series since 1949, incorporating recent findings and corrections. Estimates exclude fuels supplied to ships and aircraft in international transport because of the difficulty of apportioning the fuels among benefiting countries.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Carbon dioxide emissions, largely by-products of energy production and use, account for the largest share of greenhouse gases, which are associated with global warming. Anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions result primarily from fossil fuel combustion and cement manufacturing. In combustion different fossil fuels release different amounts of carbon dioxide for the same level of energy use: oil releases about 50 percent more carbon dioxide than natural gas, and coal releases about twice as much. Cement manufacturing releases about half a metric ton of carbon dioxide for each metric ton of cement produced. Data for carbon dioxide emissions include gases from the burning of fossil fuels and cement manufacture, but excludes emissions from land use such as deforestation.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual