CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total) - Country Ranking

Definition: Carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of coal as an energy source.

Source: Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Estonia 89.55 2014
2 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 84.70 2014
3 South Africa 84.66 2014
4 Mongolia 82.74 2014
5 Bosnia and Herzegovina 78.15 2014
6 Lesotho 75.33 2014
7 China 72.20 2014
8 Poland 66.98 2014
9 Hong Kong SAR, China 66.80 2014
10 India 66.69 2014
11 Serbia 65.43 2014
12 Montenegro 64.18 2014
13 Zimbabwe 63.97 2014
14 Czech Republic 63.64 2014
15 Bulgaria 58.97 2014
16 North Macedonia 57.47 2014
17 Kazakhstan 56.67 2014
18 Botswana 54.69 2014
19 Korea 52.56 2014
20 Ukraine 51.06 2014
21 Kyrgyz Republic 46.91 2014
22 Australia 45.23 2014
23 Afghanistan 44.64 2014
24 Slovak Republic 43.32 2014
25 Germany 42.84 2014
26 Vietnam 42.28 2014
27 Mauritius 41.11 2014
28 Philippines 40.48 2014
29 Turkey 40.14 2014
30 Eswatini 39.94 2014
31 Greece 39.24 2014
32 Israel 38.46 2014
33 Japan 36.99 2014
34 New Caledonia 36.41 2014
35 Finland 36.26 2014
36 Madagascar 33.13 2014
37 Slovenia 32.51 2014
38 Romania 32.09 2014
39 United States 31.41 2014
40 Chile 31.04 2014
41 Tajikistan 28.55 2014
42 United Kingdom 27.15 2014
43 Denmark 27.02 2014
44 Indonesia 26.36 2014
45 Morocco 25.58 2014
46 Bhutan 25.27 2014
47 Malaysia 23.85 2014
48 Russia 23.74 2014
49 Nepal 22.88 2014
50 Ireland 22.76 2014
51 Portugal 22.47 2014
52 Sri Lanka 21.11 2014
53 Hungary 20.91 2014
54 Netherlands 19.88 2014
55 Austria 19.54 2014
56 Thailand 19.26 2014
57 Spain 18.58 2014
58 Sweden 18.44 2014
59 Colombia 17.39 2014
60 Niger 16.90 2014
61 Iceland 16.64 2014
62 New Zealand 15.92 2014
63 Malawi 15.80 2014
64 Lao PDR 15.76 2014
65 Italy 15.49 2014
66 Panama 14.75 2014
67 Croatia 14.59 2014
68 Canada 14.11 2014
69 Brazil 13.90 2014
70 Cambodia 13.77 2014
71 Dominican Republic 13.02 2014
72 Georgia 12.65 2014
73 Belgium 12.63 2014
74 Albania 12.25 2014
75 France 11.39 2014
76 Zambia 10.75 2014
77 Guatemala 10.42 2014
78 Mexico 10.20 2014
79 Mozambique 9.79 2014
80 Senegal 9.73 2014
81 Uganda 8.77 2014
82 Kenya 8.73 2014
83 Pakistan 7.79 2014
84 Ethiopia 7.33 2014
85 Moldova 6.99 2014
86 Lithuania 6.77 2014
87 Norway 6.77 2014
88 Myanmar 6.61 2014
89 Uzbekistan 5.84 2014
90 Tanzania 5.65 2014
91 Honduras 5.61 2014
92 Jordan 5.20 2014
93 Belarus 5.13 2014
94 Bangladesh 4.79 2014
95 Peru 4.63 2014
96 United Arab Emirates 3.74 2014
97 Jamaica 3.71 2014
98 Burundi 3.33 2014
99 Latvia 3.26 2014
100 Costa Rica 2.98 2014
101 Singapore 2.97 2014
102 Benin 2.96 2014
103 Argentina 2.85 2014
104 Lebanon 2.61 2014
105 Yemen 2.21 2014
106 Luxembourg 2.09 2014
107 Namibia 1.86 2014
108 Switzerland 1.54 2014
109 Egypt 0.74 2014
110 Iran 0.51 2014
111 Venezuela 0.40 2014
112 Algeria 0.38 2014
113 Cyprus 0.18 2014
114 The Bahamas 0.15 2014
115 Nigeria 0.13 2014
116 Uruguay 0.11 2014
117 Azerbaijan 0.02 2014
118 Syrian Arab Republic 0.01 2014
119 Cuba 0.01 2014
120 Cabo Verde 0.00 2014
120 Dominica 0.00 2014
120 St. Kitts and Nevis 0.00 2014
120 Papua New Guinea 0.00 2014
120 Nicaragua 0.00 2014
120 Vanuatu 0.00 2014
120 Eritrea 0.00 2014
120 Belize 0.00 2014
120 Brunei 0.00 2014
120 Solomon Islands 0.00 2014
120 Somalia 0.00 2014
120 Togo 0.00 2014
120 Timor-Leste 0.00 2014
120 Tuvalu 0.00 2014
120 Armenia 0.00 2014
120 Nauru 0.00 2014
120 Kuwait 0.00 2014
120 Gabon 0.00 2014
120 Guyana 0.00 2014
120 Haiti 0.00 2014
120 Ecuador 0.00 2014
120 Sierra Leone 0.00 2014
120 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 0.00 2014
120 Oman 0.00 2014
120 Guinea 0.00 2014
120 Greenland 0.00 2014
120 Kiribati 0.00 2014
120 Libya 0.00 2014
120 Macao SAR, China 0.00 2014
120 Palau 0.00 2014
120 Dem. Rep. Congo 0.00 2014
120 Mali 0.00 2014
120 Equatorial Guinea 0.00 2014
120 Bahrain 0.00 2014
120 Ghana 0.00 2014
120 Liechtenstein 0.00 2014
120 Qatar 0.00 2014
120 Rwanda 0.00 2014
120 Chad 0.00 2014
120 Andorra 0.00 2014
120 El Salvador 0.00 2014
120 Comoros 0.00 2014
120 The Gambia 0.00 2014
120 Cayman Islands 0.00 2014
120 Barbados 0.00 2014
120 Central African Republic 0.00 2014
120 Djibouti 0.00 2014
120 Cameroon 0.00 2014
120 Fiji 0.00 2014
120 Mauritania 0.00 2014
120 Liberia 0.00 2014
120 Samoa 0.00 2014
120 St. Lucia 0.00 2014
120 Turkmenistan 0.00 2014
120 Saudi Arabia 0.00 2014
120 Sudan 0.00 2014
120 Tonga 0.00 2014
120 Angola 0.00 2014
120 Antigua and Barbuda 0.00 2014
120 Burkina Faso 0.00 2014
120 Tunisia 0.00 2014
120 Bolivia 0.00 2014
120 São Tomé and Principe 0.00 2014
120 Seychelles 0.00 2014
120 Guinea-Bissau 0.00 2014
120 Grenada 0.00 2014
120 Iraq 0.00 2014
120 Côte d'Ivoire 0.00 2014
120 Congo 0.00 2014
120 Malta 0.00 2014
120 Trinidad and Tobago 0.00 2014
120 Paraguay 0.00 2014
120 Suriname 0.00 2014

More rankings: Africa | Asia | Central America & the Caribbean | Europe | Middle East | North America | Oceania | South America | World |

Development Relevance: Carbon dioxide (CO2) is naturally occurring gas fixed by photosynthesis into organic matter. A byproduct of fossil fuel combustion and biomass burning, it is also emitted from land use changes and other industrial processes. It is the principal anthropogenic greenhouse gas that affects the Earth's radiative balance. It is the reference gas against which other greenhouse gases are measured, thus having a Global Warming Potential of 1. An emission intensity is the average emission rate of a given pollutant from a given source relative to the intensity of a specific activity. Emission intensities are also used to compare the environmental impact of different fuels or activities. The related terms - emission factor and carbon intensity - are often used interchangeably. Burning of carbon-based fuels since the industrial revolution has rapidly increased concentrations of atmospheric carbon dioxide, increasing the rate of global warming and causing anthropogenic climate change. It is also a major source of ocean acidification since it dissolves in water to form carbonic acid. The addition of man-made greenhouse gases to the Atmosphere disturbs the earth's radiative balance. This is leading to an increase in the earth's surface temperature and to related effects on climate, sea level rise and world agriculture. Emissions of CO2 are from burning oil, coal and gas for energy use, burning wood and waste materials, and from industrial processes such as cement production. The carbon dioxide emissions of a country are only an indicator of one greenhouse gas. For a more complete idea of how a country influences climate change, gases such as methane and nitrous oxide should be taken into account. This is particularly important in agricultural economies. The environmental effects of carbon dioxide are of significant interest. Carbon dioxide (CO2) makes up the largest share of the greenhouse gases contributing to global warming and climate change. Converting all other greenhouse gases (methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), sulphur hexafluoride (SF6)) to carbon dioxide (or CO2) equivalents makes it possible to compare them and to determine their individual and total contributions to global warming. The Kyoto Protocol, an environmental agreement adopted in 1997 by many of the parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), is working towards curbing CO2 emissions globally.

Limitations and Exceptions: The U.S. Department of Energy's Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) calculates annual anthropogenic emissions from data on fossil fuel consumption (from the United Nations Statistics Division's World Energy Data Set) and world cement manufacturing (from the U.S. Department of Interior's Geological Survey, USGS 2011). Although estimates of global carbon dioxide emissions are probably accurate within 10 percent (as calculated from global average fuel chemistry and use), country estimates may have larger error bounds. Trends estimated from a consistent time series tend to be more accurate than individual values. Each year the CDIAC recalculates the entire time series since 1949, incorporating recent findings and corrections. Estimates exclude fuels supplied to ships and aircraft in international transport because of the difficulty of apportioning the fuels among benefiting countries.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The U.S. Department of Energy's Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) calculates annual anthropogenic emissions from data on fossil fuel consumption (from the United Nations Statistics Division's World Energy Data Set) and world cement manufacturing (from the U.S. Department of Interior's Geological Survey (USGS 2011)). Although estimates of global carbon dioxide emissions are probably accurate within 10 percent (as calculated from global average fuel chemistry and use), country estimates may have larger error bounds. Trends estimated from a consistent time series tend to be more accurate than individual values. Each year the CDIAC recalculates the entire time series since 1949, incorporating recent findings and corrections. Estimates exclude fuels supplied to ships and aircraft in international transport because of the difficulty of apportioning the fuels among benefiting countries.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual