CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt) - Country Ranking

Definition: Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of petroleum-derived fuels as an energy source.

Source: Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 United States 2,114,139.00 2014
2 China 1,264,107.00 2014
3 India 514,109.70 2014
4 Japan 489,159.50 2014
5 Saudi Arabia 413,230.60 2014
6 Russia 393,718.50 2014
7 Brazil 339,028.80 2014
8 Mexico 269,062.50 2014
9 Germany 250,320.40 2014
10 Canada 248,318.20 2014
11 Iran 244,449.50 2014
12 Indonesia 233,503.60 2014
13 France 185,605.20 2014
14 United Kingdom 162,352.80 2014
15 Korea 156,272.90 2014
16 Thailand 151,190.40 2014
17 Italy 143,984.80 2014
18 Spain 129,038.10 2014
19 Iraq 124,538.70 2014
20 Australia 120,196.90 2014
21 Venezuela 104,307.80 2014
22 Argentina 94,186.90 2014
23 Malaysia 89,628.81 2014
24 Egypt 82,434.16 2014
25 Turkey 79,434.55 2014
26 Pakistan 72,335.24 2014
27 Netherlands 67,003.42 2014
28 United Arab Emirates 65,719.98 2014
29 South Africa 60,314.82 2014
30 Kuwait 58,495.98 2014
31 Poland 55,962.09 2014
32 Algeria 52,885.47 2014
33 Belgium 49,662.18 2014
34 Vietnam 46,548.90 2014
35 Chile 46,240.87 2014
36 Philippines 44,825.41 2014
37 Colombia 39,808.95 2014
38 Ecuador 37,088.04 2014
39 Libya 36,248.30 2014
40 Morocco 34,411.13 2014
41 Singapore 33,435.71 2014
42 Greece 32,658.30 2014
43 Nigeria 32,379.61 2014
44 Sweden 32,350.27 2014
45 Kazakhstan 32,339.27 2014
46 Cuba 31,737.88 2014
47 Norway 31,323.51 2014
48 Austria 30,285.75 2014
49 Ukraine 29,889.72 2014
50 Switzerland 26,512.41 2014
51 Peru 25,995.36 2014
52 Portugal 24,231.54 2014
53 Finland 23,769.49 2014
54 Jordan 22,211.02 2014
55 Romania 22,156.01 2014
56 Israel 22,049.67 2014
57 Lebanon 20,692.88 2014
58 Turkmenistan 19,996.15 2014
59 Angola 19,471.77 2014
60 Czech Republic 19,075.73 2014
61 Syrian Arab Republic 19,061.07 2014
62 Yemen 18,665.03 2014
63 Belarus 18,599.02 2014
64 New Zealand 18,386.34 2014
65 Denmark 16,890.20 2014
66 Ireland 16,794.86 2014
67 Hungary 16,248.48 2014
68 Bangladesh 15,232.72 2014
69 Myanmar 14,697.34 2014
70 Guatemala 14,668.00 2014
71 Dominican Republic 14,440.65 2014
72 Sudan 13,630.24 2014
73 Sri Lanka 13,571.57 2014
74 Tunisia 11,862.75 2014
75 Ghana 11,690.40 2014
76 Azerbaijan 11,639.06 2014
77 Bulgaria 11,067.01 2014
78 Oman 10,648.97 2014
79 Bolivia 10,623.30 2014
80 Kenya 10,252.93 2014
81 Hong Kong SAR, China 9,750.55 2014
82 Croatia 8,591.78 2014
83 Serbia 8,221.41 2014
84 Honduras 8,093.07 2014
85 Ethiopia 8,056.40 2014
86 Tanzania 7,763.04 2014
87 Uzbekistan 7,649.36 2014
88 Slovak Republic 7,084.64 2014
89 Luxembourg 6,978.30 2014
90 Lithuania 6,791.28 2014
91 Costa Rica 6,780.28 2014
92 Jamaica 6,728.95 2014
93 Slovenia 6,556.60 2014
94 Panama 6,409.92 2014
95 Uruguay 6,233.90 2014
96 Papua New Guinea 5,969.88 2014
97 Côte d'Ivoire 5,966.21 2014
98 El Salvador 5,786.53 2014
99 Cyprus 5,687.52 2014
100 Mozambique 5,526.17 2014
101 Qatar 5,496.83 2014
102 Senegal 5,474.83 2014
103 Benin 5,438.16 2014
104 Paraguay 5,203.47 2014
105 Afghanistan 5,108.13 2014
106 Cameroon 5,082.46 2014
107 Cambodia 5,067.79 2014
108 Nepal 4,646.09 2014
109 Trinidad and Tobago 4,558.08 2014
110 Nicaragua 4,514.08 2014
111 Dem. Rep. Congo 4,503.08 2014
112 Bosnia and Herzegovina 4,096.04 2014
113 Albania 3,861.35 2014
114 Kyrgyz Republic 3,725.67 2014
115 Uganda 3,707.34 2014
116 Zimbabwe 3,685.34 2014
117 Latvia 3,674.33 2014
118 Mongolia 3,391.98 2014
119 Namibia 3,325.97 2014
120 Botswana 3,003.27 2014
121 Zambia 2,922.60 2014
122 Georgia 2,838.26 2014
123 Gabon 2,746.58 2014
124 Haiti 2,709.91 2014
125 New Caledonia 2,673.24 2014
126 Burkina Faso 2,647.57 2014
127 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 2,610.90 2014
128 Macedonia 2,599.90 2014
129 Tajikistan 2,526.56 2014
130 Mauritius 2,493.56 2014
131 Congo 2,412.89 2014
132 The Bahamas 2,409.22 2014
133 Malta 2,346.88 2014
134 Mauritania 2,324.88 2014
135 Bahrain 2,214.87 2014
136 Guinea 2,196.53 2014
137 Moldova 2,181.87 2014
138 Guyana 2,009.52 2014
139 Madagascar 1,932.51 2014
140 Suriname 1,914.17 2014
141 Niger 1,760.16 2014
142 Togo 1,712.49 2014
143 Brunei 1,690.49 2014
144 Iceland 1,653.82 2014
145 Mali 1,411.80 2014
146 Macao SAR, China 1,173.44 2014
147 Barbados 1,162.44 2014
148 Sierra Leone 1,140.44 2014
149 Fiji 1,074.43 2014
150 Armenia 858.08 2014
151 Malawi 850.74 2014
152 Estonia 817.74 2014
153 Montenegro 792.07 2014
154 Liberia 788.41 2014
155 Rwanda 770.07 2014
156 Swaziland 722.40 2014
157 Chad 630.72 2014
158 Lesotho 612.39 2014
159 Equatorial Guinea 608.72 2014
159 Somalia 608.72 2014
161 Eritrea 546.38 2014
161 Djibouti 546.38 2014
163 Cayman Islands 542.72 2014
164 Antigua and Barbuda 531.72 2014
165 The Gambia 506.05 2014
165 Greenland 506.05 2014
167 Seychelles 495.05 2014
168 Belize 491.38 2014
168 Cabo Verde 491.38 2014
170 Timor-Leste 469.38 2014
171 Andorra 462.04 2014
172 Lao PDR 447.37 2014
173 St. Lucia 407.04 2014
173 Bhutan 407.04 2014
175 Burundi 388.70 2014
176 Central African Republic 300.69 2014
177 Guinea-Bissau 271.36 2014
178 Palau 260.36 2014
179 Grenada 242.02 2014
180 St. Kitts and Nevis 231.02 2014
181 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 209.02 2014
182 Solomon Islands 201.69 2014
183 Samoa 198.02 2014
184 Comoros 154.01 2014
184 Vanuatu 154.01 2014
186 Dominica 135.68 2014
187 Tonga 121.01 2014
188 São Tomé and Principe 113.68 2014
189 Kiribati 62.34 2014
190 Nauru 47.67 2014
191 Tuvalu 11.00 2014
192 Liechtenstein 0.00 2014

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Development Relevance: Carbon dioxide (CO2) is naturally occurring gas fixed by photosynthesis into organic matter. A byproduct of fossil fuel combustion and biomass burning, it is also emitted from land use changes and other industrial processes. It is the principal anthropogenic greenhouse gas that affects the Earth's radiative balance. It is the reference gas against which other greenhouse gases are measured, thus having a Global Warming Potential of 1. An emission intensity is the average emission rate of a given pollutant from a given source relative to the intensity of a specific activity. Emission intensities are also used to compare the environmental impact of different fuels or activities. The related terms - emission factor and carbon intensity - are often used interchangeably. Burning of carbon-based fuels since the industrial revolution has rapidly increased concentrations of atmospheric carbon dioxide, increasing the rate of global warming and causing anthropogenic climate change. It is also a major source of ocean acidification since it dissolves in water to form carbonic acid. The addition of man-made greenhouse gases to the Atmosphere disturbs the earth's radiative balance. This is leading to an increase in the earth's surface temperature and to related effects on climate, sea level rise and world agriculture. Emissions of CO2 are from burning oil, coal and gas for energy use, burning wood and waste materials, and from industrial processes such as cement production. The carbon dioxide emissions of a country are only an indicator of one greenhouse gas. For a more complete idea of how a country influences climate change, gases such as methane and nitrous oxide should be taken into account. This is particularly important in agricultural economies. The environmental effects of carbon dioxide are of significant interest. Carbon dioxide (CO2) makes up the largest share of the greenhouse gases contributing to global warming and climate change. Converting all other greenhouse gases (methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), sulphur hexafluoride (SF6)) to carbon dioxide (or CO2) equivalents makes it possible to compare them and to determine their individual and total contributions to global warming. The Kyoto Protocol, an environmental agreement adopted in 1997 by many of the parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), is working towards curbing CO2 emissions globally.

Limitations and Exceptions: The U.S. Department of Energy's Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) calculates annual anthropogenic emissions from data on fossil fuel consumption (from the United Nations Statistics Division's World Energy Data Set) and world cement manufacturing (from the U.S. Department of Interior's Geological Survey, USGS 2011). Although estimates of global carbon dioxide emissions are probably accurate within 10 percent (as calculated from global average fuel chemistry and use), country estimates may have larger error bounds. Trends estimated from a consistent time series tend to be more accurate than individual values. Each year the CDIAC recalculates the entire time series since 1949, incorporating recent findings and corrections. Estimates exclude fuels supplied to ships and aircraft in international transport because of the difficulty of apportioning the fuels among benefiting countries.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Carbon dioxide emissions, largely by-products of energy production and use, account for the largest share of greenhouse gases, which are associated with global warming. Anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions result primarily from fossil fuel combustion and cement manufacturing. In combustion different fossil fuels release different amounts of carbon dioxide for the same level of energy use: oil releases about 50 percent more carbon dioxide than natural gas, and coal releases about twice as much. Cement manufacturing releases about half a metric ton of carbon dioxide for each metric ton of cement produced. Data for carbon dioxide emissions include gases from the burning of fossil fuels and cement manufacture, but excludes emissions from land use such as deforestation. Carbon dioxide emissions are often calculated and reported as elemental carbon. The values were converted to actual carbon dioxide mass by multiplying them by 3.667 (the ratio of the mass of carbon to that of carbon dioxide).

Aggregation method: Gap-filled total

Periodicity: Annual