CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt) - Country Ranking

Definition: Carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of coal as an energy source.

Source: Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 China 7,431,146.00 2014
2 United States 1,650,322.00 2014
3 India 1,492,751.00 2014
4 Japan 449,064.50 2014
5 South Africa 414,620.30 2014
6 Russia 404,847.80 2014
7 Korea 308,618.40 2014
8 Germany 308,387.40 2014
9 Poland 191,395.40 2014
10 Australia 163,394.20 2014
11 Kazakhstan 140,721.10 2014
12 Turkey 138,887.60 2014
13 Indonesia 122,367.80 2014
14 Ukraine 116,056.90 2014
15 United Kingdom 113,974.00 2014
16 Canada 75,785.89 2014
17 Brazil 73,666.36 2014
18 Vietnam 70,575.08 2014
19 Czech Republic 61,400.25 2014
20 Thailand 60,916.20 2014
21 Malaysia 57,912.93 2014
22 Italy 49,621.84 2014
23 Mexico 48,983.79 2014
24 Spain 43,461.29 2014
25 Philippines 42,764.55 2014
26 France 34,539.47 2014
27 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 34,326.79 2014
28 Netherlands 33,259.69 2014
29 Hong Kong SAR, China 30,876.14 2014
30 Greece 26,413.40 2014
31 Chile 25,628.66 2014
32 Bulgaria 25,012.61 2014
33 Israel 24,843.93 2014
34 Serbia 24,645.91 2014
35 Romania 22,464.04 2014
36 Estonia 17,480.59 2014
37 Bosnia and Herzegovina 17,374.25 2014
38 Mongolia 17,242.23 2014
39 Finland 17,150.56 2014
40 Morocco 15,313.39 2014
41 Colombia 14,624.00 2014
42 Slovak Republic 13,289.21 2014
43 Pakistan 12,962.84 2014
44 Belgium 11,789.41 2014
45 Austria 11,474.04 2014
46 Portugal 10,124.59 2014
47 Denmark 9,050.16 2014
48 Hungary 8,800.80 2014
49 Sweden 8,005.06 2014
50 United Arab Emirates 7,909.72 2014
51 Ireland 7,752.04 2014
52 Zimbabwe 7,689.70 2014
53 Uzbekistan 6,149.56 2014
54 Argentina 5,823.20 2014
55 New Zealand 5,518.84 2014
56 Kyrgyz Republic 4,506.74 2014
57 Afghanistan 4,378.40 2014
58 North Macedonia 4,316.06 2014
59 Slovenia 4,165.71 2014
60 Sri Lanka 3,883.35 2014
61 Botswana 3,846.68 2014
62 Bangladesh 3,509.32 2014
63 Iran 3,300.30 2014
64 Belarus 3,256.30 2014
65 Norway 3,223.29 2014
66 Peru 2,860.26 2014
67 Dominican Republic 2,805.26 2014
68 Croatia 2,456.89 2014
69 Guatemala 1,910.51 2014
70 Lesotho 1,859.17 2014
71 Nepal 1,837.17 2014
72 Mauritius 1,738.16 2014
73 Singapore 1,672.15 2014
74 New Caledonia 1,562.14 2014
75 Egypt 1,496.14 2014
76 Tajikistan 1,481.47 2014
77 Myanmar 1,430.13 2014
78 Montenegro 1,419.13 2014
79 Jordan 1,375.13 2014
80 Panama 1,298.12 2014
81 Kenya 1,246.78 2014
82 Georgia 1,136.77 2014
83 Madagascar 1,019.43 2014
84 Cambodia 920.42 2014
85 Lithuania 869.08 2014
86 Senegal 861.75 2014
87 Ethiopia 850.74 2014
88 Mozambique 825.08 2014
89 Venezuela 748.07 2014
90 Albania 700.40 2014
91 Tanzania 652.73 2014
92 Lebanon 627.06 2014
93 Algeria 546.38 2014
94 Switzerland 542.72 2014
95 Honduras 531.72 2014
96 Yemen 502.38 2014
97 Zambia 484.04 2014
98 Eswatini 480.38 2014
99 Uganda 458.38 2014
100 Niger 359.37 2014
101 Moldova 344.70 2014
102 Iceland 330.03 2014
103 Lao PDR 308.03 2014
104 Jamaica 275.03 2014
105 Bhutan 253.02 2014
106 Costa Rica 231.02 2014
107 Latvia 227.35 2014
108 Malawi 201.69 2014
108 Luxembourg 201.69 2014
110 Benin 187.02 2014
111 Nigeria 121.01 2014
112 Namibia 69.67 2014
113 Burundi 14.67 2014
114 Cyprus 11.00 2014
115 Uruguay 7.33 2014
115 Azerbaijan 7.33 2014
117 Syrian Arab Republic 3.67 2014
117 The Bahamas 3.67 2014
117 Cuba 3.67 2014
120 St. Lucia 0.00 2014
120 Eritrea 0.00 2014
120 Saudi Arabia 0.00 2014
120 Sudan 0.00 2014
120 Tonga 0.00 2014
120 Barbados 0.00 2014
120 Central African Republic 0.00 2014
120 Djibouti 0.00 2014
120 Solomon Islands 0.00 2014
120 Somalia 0.00 2014
120 Togo 0.00 2014
120 Timor-Leste 0.00 2014
120 Tuvalu 0.00 2014
120 Nauru 0.00 2014
120 Kuwait 0.00 2014
120 Gabon 0.00 2014
120 Guyana 0.00 2014
120 Haiti 0.00 2014
120 São Tomé and Principe 0.00 2014
120 Seychelles 0.00 2014
120 Cabo Verde 0.00 2014
120 Dominica 0.00 2014
120 Tunisia 0.00 2014
120 Angola 0.00 2014
120 Antigua and Barbuda 0.00 2014
120 Burkina Faso 0.00 2014
120 Guinea-Bissau 0.00 2014
120 Grenada 0.00 2014
120 Iraq 0.00 2014
120 Mauritania 0.00 2014
120 Liberia 0.00 2014
120 Turkmenistan 0.00 2014
120 El Salvador 0.00 2014
120 Dem. Rep. Congo 0.00 2014
120 Mali 0.00 2014
120 Equatorial Guinea 0.00 2014
120 Palau 0.00 2014
120 Andorra 0.00 2014
120 Cameroon 0.00 2014
120 Fiji 0.00 2014
120 Samoa 0.00 2014
120 Bolivia 0.00 2014
120 Paraguay 0.00 2014
120 Suriname 0.00 2014
120 Comoros 0.00 2014
120 The Gambia 0.00 2014
120 Qatar 0.00 2014
120 Rwanda 0.00 2014
120 Bahrain 0.00 2014
120 Ghana 0.00 2014
120 Liechtenstein 0.00 2014
120 Cayman Islands 0.00 2014
120 Chad 0.00 2014
120 Trinidad and Tobago 0.00 2014
120 Malta 0.00 2014
120 Côte d'Ivoire 0.00 2014
120 Congo 0.00 2014
120 Ecuador 0.00 2014
120 Belize 0.00 2014
120 Brunei 0.00 2014
120 Vanuatu 0.00 2014
120 Armenia 0.00 2014
120 Nicaragua 0.00 2014
120 St. Kitts and Nevis 0.00 2014
120 Papua New Guinea 0.00 2014
120 Oman 0.00 2014
120 Sierra Leone 0.00 2014
120 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 0.00 2014
120 Guinea 0.00 2014
120 Greenland 0.00 2014
120 Kiribati 0.00 2014
120 Libya 0.00 2014
120 Macao SAR, China 0.00 2014

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Development Relevance: Carbon dioxide (CO2) is naturally occurring gas fixed by photosynthesis into organic matter. A byproduct of fossil fuel combustion and biomass burning, it is also emitted from land use changes and other industrial processes. It is the principal anthropogenic greenhouse gas that affects the Earth's radiative balance. It is the reference gas against which other greenhouse gases are measured, thus having a Global Warming Potential of 1. An emission intensity is the average emission rate of a given pollutant from a given source relative to the intensity of a specific activity. Emission intensities are also used to compare the environmental impact of different fuels or activities. The related terms - emission factor and carbon intensity - are often used interchangeably. Burning of carbon-based fuels since the industrial revolution has rapidly increased concentrations of atmospheric carbon dioxide, increasing the rate of global warming and causing anthropogenic climate change. It is also a major source of ocean acidification since it dissolves in water to form carbonic acid. The addition of man-made greenhouse gases to the Atmosphere disturbs the earth's radiative balance. This is leading to an increase in the earth's surface temperature and to related effects on climate, sea level rise and world agriculture. Emissions of CO2 are from burning oil, coal and gas for energy use, burning wood and waste materials, and from industrial processes such as cement production. The carbon dioxide emissions of a country are only an indicator of one greenhouse gas. For a more complete idea of how a country influences climate change, gases such as methane and nitrous oxide should be taken into account. This is particularly important in agricultural economies. The environmental effects of carbon dioxide are of significant interest. Carbon dioxide (CO2) makes up the largest share of the greenhouse gases contributing to global warming and climate change. Converting all other greenhouse gases (methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), sulphur hexafluoride (SF6)) to carbon dioxide (or CO2) equivalents makes it possible to compare them and to determine their individual and total contributions to global warming. The Kyoto Protocol, an environmental agreement adopted in 1997 by many of the parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), is working towards curbing CO2 emissions globally.

Limitations and Exceptions: The U.S. Department of Energy's Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) calculates annual anthropogenic emissions from data on fossil fuel consumption (from the United Nations Statistics Division's World Energy Data Set) and world cement manufacturing (from the U.S. Department of Interior's Geological Survey, USGS 2011). Although estimates of global carbon dioxide emissions are probably accurate within 10 percent (as calculated from global average fuel chemistry and use), country estimates may have larger error bounds. Trends estimated from a consistent time series tend to be more accurate than individual values. Each year the CDIAC recalculates the entire time series since 1949, incorporating recent findings and corrections. Estimates exclude fuels supplied to ships and aircraft in international transport because of the difficulty of apportioning the fuels among benefiting countries.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Carbon dioxide emissions, largely by-products of energy production and use, account for the largest share of greenhouse gases, which are associated with global warming. Anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions result primarily from fossil fuel combustion and cement manufacturing. In combustion different fossil fuels release different amounts of carbon dioxide for the same level of energy use: oil releases about 50 percent more carbon dioxide than natural gas, and coal releases about twice as much. Cement manufacturing releases about half a metric ton of carbon dioxide for each metric ton of cement produced. Data for carbon dioxide emissions include gases from the burning of fossil fuels and cement manufacture, but excludes emissions from land use such as deforestation. The unit of measurement is kt (kiloton). Carbon dioxide emissions are often calculated and reported as elemental carbon. The values were converted to actual carbon dioxide mass by multiplying them by 3.667 (the ratio of the mass of carbon to that of carbon dioxide).

Aggregation method: Gap-filled total

Periodicity: Annual