CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt) - Country Ranking

Definition: Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of natural gas as an energy source.

Source: Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 United States 1,432,767.00 2014
2 Russia 851,492.10 2014
3 China 353,880.20 2014
4 Iran 334,162.70 2014
5 Japan 246,943.10 2014
6 Canada 203,283.80 2014
7 Saudi Arabia 159,257.80 2014
8 Germany 145,147.20 2014
9 Mexico 138,616.30 2014
10 United Kingdom 136,925.80 2014
11 United Arab Emirates 127,802.30 2014
12 Italy 116,133.90 2014
13 Korea 98,796.31 2014
14 Qatar 98,000.58 2014
15 Argentina 96,691.45 2014
16 Egypt 93,526.84 2014
17 India 92,694.43 2014
18 Turkey 92,082.04 2014
19 Uzbekistan 87,747.64 2014
20 Thailand 86,662.21 2014
21 Malaysia 78,470.13 2014
22 Brazil 78,096.10 2014
23 Ukraine 76,544.96 2014
24 France 74,652.79 2014
25 Algeria 73,893.72 2014
26 Australia 72,606.60 2014
27 Kazakhstan 71,279.15 2014
28 Netherlands 66,042.67 2014
29 Pakistan 65,037.91 2014
30 Indonesia 62,467.34 2014
31 Spain 54,201.93 2014
32 Turkmenistan 46,981.61 2014
33 Venezuela 46,684.58 2014
34 Bangladesh 45,969.51 2014
35 Oman 45,001.43 2014
36 Trinidad and Tobago 41,297.75 2014
37 Belarus 38,840.86 2014
38 Kuwait 34,590.81 2014
39 Nigeria 33,131.34 2014
40 Poland 30,700.12 2014
41 Belgium 28,855.62 2014
42 Bahrain 28,375.25 2014
43 Colombia 22,684.06 2014
44 Romania 21,448.28 2014
45 Singapore 21,268.60 2014
46 Azerbaijan 21,202.59 2014
47 Vietnam 19,614.78 2014
48 Peru 16,545.50 2014
49 Hungary 15,991.79 2014
50 Austria 14,759.67 2014
51 Israel 14,411.31 2014
52 Czech Republic 14,158.29 2014
53 Iraq 12,643.82 2014
54 Tunisia 12,068.10 2014
55 Norway 11,312.70 2014
56 Libya 11,114.68 2014
57 New Zealand 10,062.25 2014
58 Syrian Arab Republic 9,094.16 2014
59 South Africa 8,815.47 2014
60 Slovak Republic 8,639.45 2014
61 Ireland 8,525.78 2014
62 Chile 8,151.74 2014
63 Portugal 7,953.72 2014
64 Bolivia 7,854.71 2014
65 Philippines 7,091.98 2014
66 Brunei 6,776.62 2014
67 Denmark 6,442.92 2014
68 Switzerland 6,116.56 2014
69 Finland 5,757.19 2014
70 Greece 5,691.18 2014
71 Bulgaria 5,412.49 2014
72 Myanmar 4,833.11 2014
73 Lithuania 4,726.76 2014
74 Hong Kong SAR, China 4,649.76 2014
75 Croatia 4,624.09 2014
76 Armenia 4,459.07 2014
77 Georgia 4,198.72 2014
78 Côte d'Ivoire 3,784.34 2014
79 Serbia 3,685.34 2014
80 Equatorial Guinea 3,168.29 2014
81 Latvia 2,478.89 2014
82 Morocco 2,306.54 2014
82 Cuba 2,306.54 2014
84 Yemen 2,130.53 2014
85 Ecuador 2,009.52 2014
86 Luxembourg 1,932.51 2014
87 Dominican Republic 1,899.51 2014
88 Sweden 1,818.83 2014
89 Moldova 1,752.83 2014
90 Tanzania 1,741.83 2014
91 Slovenia 1,433.80 2014
92 Mozambique 1,327.45 2014
93 Ghana 1,279.78 2014
94 Cameroon 1,272.45 2014
95 Estonia 997.42 2014
96 Gabon 634.39 2014
97 Jordan 619.72 2014
98 Tajikistan 608.72 2014
99 Angola 579.39 2014
100 Kyrgyz Republic 517.05 2014
101 Congo 451.04 2014
102 Bosnia and Herzegovina 348.37 2014
103 Afghanistan 271.36 2014
104 Macedonia 253.02 2014
105 Papua New Guinea 245.69 2014
106 Macao SAR, China 113.68 2014
107 Uruguay 91.68 2014
108 Senegal 77.01 2014
109 Togo 73.34 2014
110 Albania 58.67 2014
111 Liechtenstein 44.00 2014
112 Barbados 25.67 2014
113 Suriname 7.33 2014
114 Dem. Rep. Congo 3.67 2014
114 The Gambia 3.67 2014
114 Belize 3.67 2014
117 Costa Rica 0.00 2014
117 Guinea 0.00 2014
117 Greenland 0.00 2014
117 Kiribati 0.00 2014
117 Mongolia 0.00 2014
117 Sierra Leone 0.00 2014
117 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 0.00 2014
117 Eritrea 0.00 2014
117 Guyana 0.00 2014
117 Haiti 0.00 2014
117 Namibia 0.00 2014
117 Nauru 0.00 2014
117 Ethiopia 0.00 2014
117 Solomon Islands 0.00 2014
117 Somalia 0.00 2014
117 Benin 0.00 2014
117 Kenya 0.00 2014
117 Guatemala 0.00 2014
117 Nicaragua 0.00 2014
117 Vanuatu 0.00 2014
117 Lebanon 0.00 2014
117 Niger 0.00 2014
117 Fiji 0.00 2014
117 Andorra 0.00 2014
117 Burundi 0.00 2014
117 Lao PDR 0.00 2014
117 Samoa 0.00 2014
117 Zambia 0.00 2014
117 Sri Lanka 0.00 2014
117 Comoros 0.00 2014
117 Madagascar 0.00 2014
117 St. Lucia 0.00 2014
117 Swaziland 0.00 2014
117 Chad 0.00 2014
117 Rwanda 0.00 2014
117 Panama 0.00 2014
117 Sudan 0.00 2014
117 Tonga 0.00 2014
117 Guinea-Bissau 0.00 2014
117 Grenada 0.00 2014
117 Cyprus 0.00 2014
117 Mali 0.00 2014
117 Uganda 0.00 2014
117 Timor-Leste 0.00 2014
117 Tuvalu 0.00 2014
117 Malta 0.00 2014
117 Nepal 0.00 2014
117 Cayman Islands 0.00 2014
117 Honduras 0.00 2014
117 Cambodia 0.00 2014
117 Central African Republic 0.00 2014
117 Djibouti 0.00 2014
117 The Bahamas 0.00 2014
117 El Salvador 0.00 2014
117 Mauritania 0.00 2014
117 Liberia 0.00 2014
117 Lesotho 0.00 2014
117 Botswana 0.00 2014
117 Iceland 0.00 2014
117 St. Kitts and Nevis 0.00 2014
117 Montenegro 0.00 2014
117 Antigua and Barbuda 0.00 2014
117 Burkina Faso 0.00 2014
117 Bhutan 0.00 2014
117 Cabo Verde 0.00 2014
117 Dominica 0.00 2014
117 New Caledonia 0.00 2014
117 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 0.00 2014
117 Paraguay 0.00 2014
117 São Tomé and Principe 0.00 2014
117 Seychelles 0.00 2014
117 Jamaica 0.00 2014
117 Mauritius 0.00 2014
117 Malawi 0.00 2014
117 Zimbabwe 0.00 2014
117 Palau 0.00 2014

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Development Relevance: Carbon dioxide (CO2) is naturally occurring gas fixed by photosynthesis into organic matter. A byproduct of fossil fuel combustion and biomass burning, it is also emitted from land use changes and other industrial processes. It is the principal anthropogenic greenhouse gas that affects the Earth's radiative balance. It is the reference gas against which other greenhouse gases are measured, thus having a Global Warming Potential of 1. An emission intensity is the average emission rate of a given pollutant from a given source relative to the intensity of a specific activity. Emission intensities are also used to compare the environmental impact of different fuels or activities. The related terms - emission factor and carbon intensity - are often used interchangeably. Burning of carbon-based fuels since the industrial revolution has rapidly increased concentrations of atmospheric carbon dioxide, increasing the rate of global warming and causing anthropogenic climate change. It is also a major source of ocean acidification since it dissolves in water to form carbonic acid. The addition of man-made greenhouse gases to the Atmosphere disturbs the earth's radiative balance. This is leading to an increase in the earth's surface temperature and to related effects on climate, sea level rise and world agriculture. Emissions of CO2 are from burning oil, coal and gas for energy use, burning wood and waste materials, and from industrial processes such as cement production. The carbon dioxide emissions of a country are only an indicator of one greenhouse gas. For a more complete idea of how a country influences climate change, gases such as methane and nitrous oxide should be taken into account. This is particularly important in agricultural economies. The environmental effects of carbon dioxide are of significant interest. Carbon dioxide (CO2) makes up the largest share of the greenhouse gases contributing to global warming and climate change. Converting all other greenhouse gases (methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), sulphur hexafluoride (SF6)) to carbon dioxide (or CO2) equivalents makes it possible to compare them and to determine their individual and total contributions to global warming. The Kyoto Protocol, an environmental agreement adopted in 1997 by many of the parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), is working towards curbing CO2 emissions globally.

Limitations and Exceptions: The U.S. Department of Energy's Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) calculates annual anthropogenic emissions from data on fossil fuel consumption (from the United Nations Statistics Division's World Energy Data Set) and world cement manufacturing (from the U.S. Department of Interior's Geological Survey, USGS 2011). Although estimates of global carbon dioxide emissions are probably accurate within 10 percent (as calculated from global average fuel chemistry and use), country estimates may have larger error bounds. Trends estimated from a consistent time series tend to be more accurate than individual values. Each year the CDIAC recalculates the entire time series since 1949, incorporating recent findings and corrections. Estimates exclude fuels supplied to ships and aircraft in international transport because of the difficulty of apportioning the fuels among benefiting countries.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Carbon dioxide emissions, largely by-products of energy production and use, account for the largest share of greenhouse gases, which are associated with global warming. Anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions result primarily from fossil fuel combustion and cement manufacturing. In combustion different fossil fuels release different amounts of carbon dioxide for the same level of energy use: oil releases about 50 percent more carbon dioxide than natural gas, and coal releases about twice as much. Cement manufacturing releases about half a metric ton of carbon dioxide for each metric ton of cement produced. Data for carbon dioxide emissions include gases from the burning of fossil fuels and cement manufacture, but excludes emissions from land use such as deforestation. Carbon dioxide emissions are often calculated and reported as elemental carbon. The values were converted to actual carbon dioxide mass by multiplying them by 3.667 (the ratio of the mass of carbon to that of carbon dioxide).

Aggregation method: Gap-filled total

Periodicity: Annual