CO2 emissions (kg per 2011 PPP $ of GDP) - Country Ranking

Definition: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.

Source: Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Trinidad and Tobago 1.09 2014
2 Palau 0.96 2014
3 Turkmenistan 0.87 2014
4 South Africa 0.72 2014
5 Ukraine 0.64 2014
6 Mongolia 0.63 2014
7 Kazakhstan 0.61 2014
8 China 0.59 2014
9 Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.59 2014
10 Libya 0.56 2014
11 Estonia 0.55 2014
12 Bahrain 0.53 2014
13 Uzbekistan 0.53 2014
14 Kyrgyz Republic 0.52 2014
15 Iran 0.49 2014
16 Russia 0.46 2014
17 Lesotho 0.43 2014
18 Saudi Arabia 0.39 2014
19 Oman 0.38 2014
20 Guyana 0.38 2014
21 Serbia 0.38 2014
22 Qatar 0.38 2014
23 Belarus 0.37 2014
24 United Arab Emirates 0.36 2014
25 Venezuela 0.36 2014
26 Bulgaria 0.36 2014
27 Kuwait 0.36 2014
28 Zimbabwe 0.35 2014
29 Australia 0.35 2014
30 Canada 0.35 2014
31 Korea 0.35 2014
32 Jordan 0.34 2014
33 Vietnam 0.34 2014
34 Malaysia 0.33 2014
35 Iraq 0.32 2014
36 Jamaica 0.32 2014
37 India 0.32 2014
38 Nauru 0.32 2014
39 Tuvalu 0.32 2014
40 United States 0.32 2014
41 Czech Republic 0.31 2014
42 Kiribati 0.31 2014
43 Lebanon 0.31 2014
44 Thailand 0.31 2014
45 Poland 0.31 2014
46 Benin 0.31 2014
47 Bolivia 0.31 2014
48 North Macedonia 0.29 2014
49 Brunei 0.29 2014
50 Antigua and Barbuda 0.28 2014
51 Barbados 0.28 2014
52 Algeria 0.28 2014
53 Georgia 0.26 2014
54 Mozambique 0.26 2014
55 Togo 0.26 2014
56 Greece 0.26 2014
57 Japan 0.26 2014
58 Honduras 0.25 2014
59 Ecuador 0.25 2014
60 Argentina 0.25 2014
61 Israel 0.25 2014
62 Tajikistan 0.24 2014
63 Moldova 0.24 2014
64 Morocco 0.24 2014
65 Cyprus 0.24 2014
66 Montenegro 0.24 2014
67 Tunisia 0.24 2014
68 Armenia 0.24 2014
69 Suriname 0.24 2014
70 Azerbaijan 0.23 2014
71 Mexico 0.23 2014
72 Yemen 0.23 2014
73 Tonga 0.23 2014
74 The Bahamas 0.23 2014
75 Seychelles 0.22 2014
76 Papua New Guinea 0.22 2014
77 Egypt 0.22 2014
78 New Zealand 0.22 2014
79 Finland 0.22 2014
80 Slovenia 0.22 2014
81 Senegal 0.22 2014
82 Netherlands 0.21 2014
83 Chile 0.21 2014
84 Botswana 0.21 2014
85 Slovak Republic 0.21 2014
86 Vanuatu 0.21 2014
87 São Tomé and Principe 0.20 2014
88 Germany 0.20 2014
89 Belgium 0.20 2014
90 Turkey 0.20 2014
91 Pakistan 0.20 2014
92 Samoa 0.20 2014
93 Croatia 0.20 2014
94 St. Lucia 0.19 2014
95 Angola 0.19 2014
96 Grenada 0.19 2014
97 Luxembourg 0.19 2014
98 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 0.19 2014
99 Albania 0.18 2014
100 Mauritius 0.18 2014
101 Dominica 0.18 2014
102 Mauritania 0.18 2014
103 Indonesia 0.18 2014
104 Belize 0.18 2014
105 Romania 0.18 2014
106 Hungary 0.18 2014
107 Bhutan 0.18 2014
108 Peru 0.17 2014
109 St. Kitts and Nevis 0.17 2014
110 Liberia 0.17 2014
111 Nicaragua 0.17 2014
112 Brazil 0.17 2014
113 Malta 0.17 2014
114 United Kingdom 0.17 2014
115 Lithuania 0.17 2014
116 Portugal 0.17 2014
117 Gabon 0.17 2014
118 Namibia 0.16 2014
119 Dominican Republic 0.16 2014
120 Solomon Islands 0.16 2014
121 Haiti 0.16 2014
122 Afghanistan 0.16 2014
123 Spain 0.16 2014
124 Guatemala 0.16 2014
125 Fiji 0.16 2014
126 Côte d'Ivoire 0.16 2014
127 Philippines 0.16 2014
128 Latvia 0.16 2014
129 Cabo Verde 0.16 2014
130 Austria 0.16 2014
131 Italy 0.15 2014
132 Bangladesh 0.15 2014
133 Ireland 0.15 2014
134 Equatorial Guinea 0.15 2014
135 Norway 0.15 2014
136 El Salvador 0.15 2014
137 Cayman Islands 0.14 2014
138 Iceland 0.14 2014
139 Ghana 0.14 2014
140 Cambodia 0.14 2014
141 Colombia 0.14 2014
142 Denmark 0.13 2014
143 Singapore 0.13 2014
144 Nepal 0.13 2014
145 Niger 0.12 2014
146 France 0.12 2014
147 Eswatini 0.12 2014
148 Hong Kong SAR, China 0.12 2014
149 Guinea 0.12 2014
150 The Gambia 0.12 2014
151 Congo 0.11 2014
152 Costa Rica 0.11 2014
153 Kenya 0.11 2014
154 Panama 0.11 2014
155 Guinea-Bissau 0.11 2014
156 Sierra Leone 0.11 2014
157 Burkina Faso 0.10 2014
158 Central African Republic 0.10 2014
159 Sweden 0.10 2014
160 Uruguay 0.10 2014
161 Cameroon 0.10 2014
162 Sudan 0.10 2014
163 Nigeria 0.10 2014
164 Tanzania 0.09 2014
165 Eritrea 0.09 2011
166 Myanmar 0.09 2014
167 Ethiopia 0.08 2014
168 Sri Lanka 0.08 2014
169 Uganda 0.08 2014
170 Madagascar 0.08 2014
171 Dem. Rep. Congo 0.08 2014
172 Comoros 0.08 2014
173 Paraguay 0.08 2014
174 Zambia 0.08 2014
175 Switzerland 0.08 2014
176 Malawi 0.07 2014
177 Timor-Leste 0.06 2014
178 Burundi 0.06 2014
179 Lao PDR 0.05 2014
180 Rwanda 0.05 2014
181 Mali 0.04 2014
182 Chad 0.03 2014
183 Macao SAR, China 0.02 2014

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Development Relevance: Carbon dioxide (CO2) is naturally occurring gas fixed by photosynthesis into organic matter. A byproduct of fossil fuel combustion and biomass burning, it is also emitted from land use changes and other industrial processes. It is the principal anthropogenic greenhouse gas that affects the Earth's radiative balance. It is the reference gas against which other greenhouse gases are measured, thus having a Global Warming Potential of 1. Emission intensity is the average emission rate of a given pollutant from a given source relative to the intensity of a specific activity. Emission intensities are also used to compare the environmental impact of different fuels or activities. The related terms - emission factor and carbon intensity - are often used interchangeably. Burning of carbon-based fuels since the industrial revolution has rapidly increased concentrations of atmospheric carbon dioxide, increasing the rate of global warming and causing anthropogenic climate change. It is also a major source of ocean acidification since it dissolves in water to form carbonic acid. The addition of man-made greenhouse gases to the Atmosphere disturbs the earth's radiative balance. This is leading to an increase in the earth's surface temperature and to related effects on climate, sea level rise and world agriculture. Emissions of CO2 are from burning oil, coal and gas for energy use, burning wood and waste materials, and from industrial processes such as cement production. The carbon dioxide emissions of a country are only an indicator of one greenhouse gas. For a more complete idea of how a country influences climate change, gases such as methane and nitrous oxide should be taken into account. This is particularly important in agricultural economies. The environmental effects of carbon dioxide are of significant interest. Carbon dioxide (CO2) makes up the largest share of the greenhouse gases contributing to global warming and climate change. Converting all other greenhouse gases (methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), sulphur hexafluoride (SF6)) to carbon dioxide (or CO2) equivalents makes it possible to compare them and to determine their individual and total contributions to global warming. The Kyoto Protocol, an environmental agreement adopted in 1997 by many of the parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), is working towards curbing CO2 emissions globally.

Limitations and Exceptions: The U.S. Department of Energy's Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) calculates annual anthropogenic emissions from data on fossil fuel consumption (from the United Nations Statistics Division's World Energy Data Set) and world cement manufacturing (from the U.S. Department of Interior's Geological Survey, USGS 2011). Although estimates of global carbon dioxide emissions are probably accurate within 10 percent (as calculated from global average fuel chemistry and use), country estimates may have larger error bounds. Trends estimated from a consistent time series tend to be more accurate than individual values. Each year the CDIAC recalculates the entire time series since 1949, incorporating recent findings and corrections. Estimates exclude fuels supplied to ships and aircraft in international transport because of the difficulty of apportioning the fuels among benefiting countries. Data for carbon dioxide emissions include gases from the burning of fossil fuels and cement manufacture, but excludes emissions from land use such as deforestation.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Carbon dioxide emissions, largely by-products of energy production and use, account for the largest share of greenhouse gases, which are associated with global warming. Anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions result primarily from fossil fuel combustion and cement manufacturing. In combustion different fossil fuels release different amounts of carbon dioxide for the same level of energy use: oil releases about 50 percent more carbon dioxide than natural gas, and coal releases about twice as much. Cement manufacturing releases about half a metric ton of carbon dioxide for each metric ton of cement produced. Carbon dioxide emissions are often calculated and reported as elemental carbon. The values were converted to actual carbon dioxide mass by multiplying them by 3.667 (the ratio of the mass of carbon to that of carbon dioxide).

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Base Period: 2011

Periodicity: Annual