School enrollment, primary (% gross) - Country Ranking

Definition: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music.

Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (http://uis.unesco.org/)

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Nepal 143.92 2017
2 Madagascar 142.53 2018
3 Malawi 142.46 2018
4 Gabon 139.93 2011
5 Rwanda 133.04 2018
6 Sweden 126.58 2017
7 Nauru 126.43 2016
8 Togo 123.76 2018
9 United Arab Emirates 122.27 2017
10 Benin 121.96 2018
11 Burundi 121.42 2018
12 Lesotho 120.90 2017
13 Nicaragua 120.64 2010
14 Guinea-Bissau 118.69 2010
15 Bangladesh 116.47 2018
16 Tonga 116.34 2015
17 Brazil 115.45 2017
18 Tunisia 115.45 2018
19 Timor-Leste 115.31 2018
20 Eswatini 115.16 2017
21 Dominica 114.73 2016
22 Colombia 114.53 2018
23 Morocco 113.88 2018
24 Haiti 113.57 1998
25 Angola 113.48 2015
26 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 113.40 2018
27 Costa Rica 113.29 2018
28 India 112.96 2017
29 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 112.78 2018
30 Sierra Leone 112.75 2018
31 Mozambique 112.61 2018
32 Palau 112.57 2014
33 Myanmar 112.22 2017
34 Belize 111.70 2018
35 Grenada 111.45 2017
36 Iran 110.71 2017
37 Vietnam 110.59 2018
38 Samoa 110.52 2018
39 Zimbabwe 109.89 2013
40 Algeria 109.88 2018
41 Argentina 109.74 2017
42 Vanuatu 109.29 2015
43 Libya 109.01 2006
44 Suriname 108.84 2018
45 St. Kitts and Nevis 108.74 2016
46 Iraq 108.69 2007
47 Hong Kong SAR, China 108.62 2018
48 Papua New Guinea 108.55 2016
49 Uruguay 108.46 2017
50 San Marino 108.08 2018
51 Dem. Rep. Congo 107.98 2015
52 Dominican Republic 107.80 2017
53 Kyrgyz Republic 107.57 2018
54 Philippines 107.51 2017
55 Cambodia 107.41 2018
56 Albania 106.99 2018
57 Peru 106.95 2018
58 São Tomé and Principe 106.79 2017
59 Congo 106.64 2012
60 Andorra 106.44 1983
61 Fiji 106.44 2016
62 Indonesia 106.41 2018
63 Egypt 106.28 2018
64 Trinidad and Tobago 106.21 2010
65 Solomon Islands 106.21 2018
66 Portugal 106.18 2017
67 Kazakhstan 105.84 2018
68 Mexico 105.77 2017
69 Liechtenstein 105.49 2016
70 Malaysia 105.29 2017
71 Switzerland 105.19 2017
72 Antigua and Barbuda 105.02 2018
73 Israel 104.90 2017
74 Paraguay 104.37 2012
75 Uzbekistan 104.23 2018
76 Netherlands 104.23 2017
77 Mongolia 104.04 2018
78 Cabo Verde 104.03 2018
79 Germany 104.02 2017
80 Malta 103.97 2016
81 Belgium 103.91 2017
82 Lithuania 103.87 2017
83 Qatar 103.84 2018
84 Ghana 103.57 2018
85 Ecuador 103.53 2017
86 Cameroon 103.40 2018
87 Oman 103.39 2018
88 Botswana 103.24 2015
89 Kenya 103.21 2016
90 Brunei 103.15 2018
91 Austria 103.11 2017
92 Spain 102.71 2017
93 Uganda 102.70 2017
94 St. Lucia 102.60 2018
95 Russia 102.58 2017
96 France 102.51 2017
97 Lao PDR 102.36 2018
98 Afghanistan 102.31 2017
99 Luxembourg 102.29 2017
100 Central African Republic 102.02 2016
101 Cuba 101.90 2018
102 Guatemala 101.90 2018
103 Italy 101.88 2017
104 United States 101.82 2017
105 Chile 101.43 2017
106 Kiribati 101.30 2017
107 Denmark 101.27 2017
108 United Kingdom 101.15 2017
109 Mauritius 101.11 2018
110 Ethiopia 100.97 2015
111 Canada 100.94 2017
112 South Africa 100.86 2017
113 Tajikistan 100.86 2017
114 Ireland 100.85 2017
115 Hungary 100.81 2017
116 Czech Republic 100.67 2017
117 Sri Lanka 100.63 2017
118 Singapore 100.63 2017
119 Belarus 100.50 2018
120 Macao SAR, China 100.41 2018
121 Slovenia 100.40 2017
122 Seychelles 100.38 2018
123 Iceland 100.35 2017
124 Australia 100.34 2017
125 Serbia 100.30 2018
126 Norway 100.26 2017
127 China 100.22 2018
128 Finland 100.15 2017
129 Bhutan 100.14 2018
130 Poland 100.02 2017
131 New Zealand 99.97 2017
132 Mauritania 99.89 2018
133 Côte d'Ivoire 99.80 2018
134 Saudi Arabia 99.77 2018
135 Azerbaijan 99.72 2018
136 Thailand 99.63 2017
137 Greece 99.55 2017
138 Comoros 99.45 2017
139 Latvia 99.37 2017
140 Bahrain 99.36 2018
141 Barbados 99.35 2018
142 Cyprus 99.30 2015
143 Ukraine 99.04 2014
144 Slovak Republic 98.73 2017
145 Zambia 98.72 2017
146 Georgia 98.63 2018
147 Croatia 98.20 2016
148 Montenegro 98.11 2017
149 Korea 98.09 2017
150 The Gambia 98.01 2018
151 Guyana 97.81 2012
152 Bolivia 97.56 2017
153 Estonia 97.23 2017
154 Venezuela 97.15 2017
155 El Salvador 96.15 2017
156 Burkina Faso 96.09 2018
157 Lebanon 95.05 1985
158 Panama 94.39 2017
159 Tanzania 94.17 2018
160 Pakistan 94.14 2018
161 North Macedonia 93.89 2015
162 Yemen 93.64 2016
163 Turkey 93.15 2017
164 Armenia 92.72 2018
165 Kuwait 92.36 2018
166 Honduras 91.53 2017
167 Guinea 91.51 2016
168 Bulgaria 91.08 2016
169 Jamaica 91.00 2018
170 Moldova 90.62 2018
171 Turkmenistan 88.40 2014
172 Romania 86.91 2016
173 Chad 86.85 2016
174 Tuvalu 86.03 2018
175 Liberia 85.11 2017
176 Nigeria 84.73 2016
177 Puerto Rico 83.04 2016
178 Syrian Arab Republic 81.66 2013
179 The Bahamas 81.46 2016
180 Jordan 81.46 2018
181 Senegal 80.95 2018
182 Sudan 76.82 2017
183 Mali 75.60 2018
184 Djibouti 75.29 2019
185 Niger 74.74 2017
186 Eritrea 68.47 2017
187 Equatorial Guinea 61.78 2015
188 Somalia 23.36 2007

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Development Relevance: Gross enrollment ratios indicate the capacity of each level of the education system, but a high ratio may reflect a substantial number of overage children enrolled in each grade because of repetition or late entry rather than a successful education system. The net enrollment rate excludes overage and underage students and more accurately captures the system's coverage and internal efficiency. Differences between the gross enrollment ratio and the net enrollment rate show the incidence of overage and underage enrollments.

Limitations and Exceptions: Enrollment indicators are based on annual school surveys, but do not necessarily reflect actual attendance or dropout rates during the year. Also, the length of education differs across countries and can influence enrollment rates, although the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) tries to minimize the difference. For example, a shorter duration for primary education tends to increase the rate; a longer one to decrease it (in part because older children are more at risk of dropping out). Moreover, age at enrollment may be inaccurately estimated or misstated, especially in communities where registration of births is not strictly enforced.

Other Notes: Data retrieved via API in March 2019. For detailed information on the observation level (e.g. National Estimation, UIS Estimation, or Category not applicable), please visit UIS.Stat (http://data.uis.unesco.org/).

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Gross enrollment ratio for primary school is calculated by dividing the number of students enrolled in primary education regardless of age by the population of the age group which officially corresponds to primary education, and multiplying by 100. Data on education are collected by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics from official responses to its annual education survey. All the data are mapped to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) to ensure the comparability of education programs at the international level. The current version was formally adopted by UNESCO Member States in 2011. Population data are drawn from the United Nations Population Division. Using a single source for population data standardizes definitions, estimations, and interpolation methods, ensuring a consistent methodology across countries and minimizing potential enumeration problems in national censuses. The reference years reflect the school year for which the data are presented. In some countries the school year spans two calendar years (for example, from September 2010 to June 2011); in these cases the reference year refers to the year in which the school year ended (2011 in the example).

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual