School enrollment, primary (% gross) - Country Ranking

Definition: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music.

Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Madagascar 148.89 2015
2 Malawi 145.47 2015
3 Gabon 141.99 2011
4 Timor-Leste 136.84 2015
5 Nepal 135.86 2016
6 Rwanda 132.55 2015
7 Benin 128.98 2015
8 Angola 128.70 2011
9 Sierra Leone 127.60 2015
10 Burundi 123.78 2015
11 Nicaragua 123.26 2010
12 Sweden 123.02 2015
13 Suriname 122.81 2015
14 Togo 121.80 2015
15 Bangladesh 120.43 2015
16 Vanuatu 119.71 2015
17 Cameroon 117.13 2015
18 Philippines 116.82 2013
19 Georgia 116.78 2015
20 Cambodia 116.66 2015
21 United Arab Emirates 116.35 2015
22 Algeria 116.15 2015
23 Dominica 116.01 2015
24 Brazil 115.34 2015
25 São Tomé and Principe 114.96 2016
26 Papua New Guinea 114.74 2012
27 Morocco 114.71 2015
28 Libya 114.54 2006
29 Andorra 114.38 1983
30 Solomon Islands 114.32 2015
31 Tunisia 114.17 2015
32 Albania 113.70 2015
33 Guinea-Bissau 113.66 2010
34 Colombia 113.56 2015
35 Belize 113.14 2015
36 Swaziland 112.77 2014
37 Haiti 111.88 1998
38 Afghanistan 111.88 2015
39 Namibia 111.43 2013
40 Lao PDR 111.35 2015
41 Congo 110.89 2012
42 Honduras 110.71 2015
43 Argentina 109.99 2014
44 Cabo Verde 109.89 2015
45 Uganda 109.89 2013
46 Costa Rica 109.82 2015
47 Saudi Arabia 109.48 2015
48 Oman 109.28 2015
49 El Salvador 109.18 2015
50 Kenya 108.97 2015
51 Kazakhstan 108.96 2016
52 Iran 108.92 2015
53 Vietnam 108.88 2015
54 India 108.60 2015
55 Uruguay 108.55 2014
56 United Kingdom 108.24 2014
57 Brunei 108.14 2015
58 Iraq 108.12 2007
59 Tonga 108.07 2014
60 Ghana 108.00 2016
61 The Bahamas 107.90 2010
62 Botswana 107.63 2014
63 Ecuador 107.62 2016
64 Portugal 107.37 2015
65 Kyrgyz Republic 107.36 2015
66 Dem. Rep. Congo 106.97 2014
67 Samoa 106.73 2015
68 Azerbaijan 106.60 2015
69 Trinidad and Tobago 106.16 2010
70 Paraguay 105.99 2012
71 Indonesia 105.85 2015
72 Mozambique 105.80 2015
73 Liechtenstein 105.67 2015
74 Fiji 105.54 2015
75 Lesotho 105.52 2015
76 France 105.36 2014
77 Spain 105.03 2015
78 Nauru 104.99 2014
79 Germany 104.97 2015
80 Grenada 104.87 2015
81 Israel 104.78 2015
82 Netherlands 104.70 2015
83 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 104.52 2015
84 Kiribati 104.46 2015
85 Uzbekistan 104.40 2016
86 Belgium 104.19 2015
87 China 104.13 2015
88 Egypt 103.93 2014
89 Switzerland 103.92 2015
90 Ukraine 103.91 2014
91 Zambia 103.65 2013
92 Tuvalu 103.62 2015
93 Dominican Republic 103.49 2015
94 Lithuania 103.44 2015
95 Malta 103.41 2015
96 Mexico 103.39 2014
97 Comoros 103.17 2014
98 Mauritius 103.04 2015
99 Qatar 103.00 2015
100 Austria 102.97 2015
101 Thailand 102.73 2015
102 Kuwait 102.68 2014
103 Turkey 102.49 2015
104 Mauritania 102.45 2015
105 Seychelles 102.29 2015
106 Panama 102.22 2014
107 Australia 102.21 2015
108 Ethiopia 102.12 2015
109 Malaysia 101.79 2015
110 Guatemala 101.79 2015
111 Peru 101.70 2015
112 Sri Lanka 101.68 2015
113 Chile 101.64 2015
114 Hungary 101.62 2015
115 Finland 101.53 2015
116 Denmark 101.52 2015
117 Ireland 101.43 2015
118 Chad 101.40 2013
119 Serbia 101.34 2015
120 Belarus 101.34 2015
121 Japan 101.22 2014
122 Bahrain 101.17 2015
123 Italy 101.04 2015
124 Mongolia 100.90 2015
125 Canada 100.57 2013
126 Poland 100.57 2014
127 Russia 100.52 2015
128 Tajikistan 100.47 2016
129 Norway 100.42 2015
130 Macao SAR, China 100.39 2015
131 St. Lucia 100.30 2007
132 United States 100.15 2015
133 Venezuela 100.00 2015
134 Zimbabwe 99.94 2013
135 Czech Republic 99.75 2015
136 Slovak Republic 99.73 2015
137 South Africa 99.72 2014
138 Latvia 99.67 2015
139 Myanmar 99.66 2014
140 Palau 99.64 2016
141 New Zealand 99.36 2015
142 Slovenia 99.30 2014
143 Cyprus 99.30 2015
144 Iceland 99.13 2013
145 Korea 99.01 2015
146 Armenia 98.47 2015
147 Estonia 98.41 2015
148 Croatia 97.96 2015
149 Greece 97.62 2014
150 Cuba 97.55 2015
151 Yemen 97.49 2013
152 Jordan 97.34 2014
153 Jamaica 97.25 2004
154 Bulgaria 97.22 2015
155 Bolivia 97.14 2015
156 Luxembourg 97.13 2014
157 Antigua and Barbuda 97.05 2015
158 Bhutan 96.75 2016
159 Montenegro 94.31 2015
160 Liberia 93.92 2015
161 Nigeria 93.67 2013
162 Côte d'Ivoire 93.63 2015
163 Barbados 93.63 2014
164 Central African Republic 93.46 2012
165 The Gambia 93.44 2016
166 San Marino 93.30 2012
167 Macedonia 93.22 2015
168 Pakistan 92.71 2015
169 Lebanon 92.41 2015
170 Moldova 92.41 2015
171 Guinea 91.26 2014
172 Romania 89.78 2015
173 Puerto Rico 89.75 2014
174 Turkmenistan 89.37 2014
175 Burkina Faso 87.99 2015
176 Guyana 85.44 2012
177 St. Kitts and Nevis 82.51 2015
178 Senegal 82.17 2015
179 Tanzania 81.71 2015
180 Syrian Arab Republic 80.10 2013
181 Equatorial Guinea 79.12 2015
182 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 76.83 2015
183 Mali 75.79 2015
184 Niger 72.50 2015
185 Sudan 70.40 2013
186 Djibouti 64.84 2016
187 Eritrea 49.64 2015
188 Somalia 29.20 2007

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Development Relevance: Gross enrollment ratios indicate the capacity of each level of the education system, but a high ratio may reflect a substantial number of overage children enrolled in each grade because of repetition or late entry rather than a successful education system. The net enrollment rate excludes overage and underage students and more accurately captures the system's coverage and internal efficiency. Differences between the gross enrollment ratio and the net enrollment rate show the incidence of overage and underage enrollments.

Limitations and Exceptions: Enrollment indicators are based on annual school surveys, but do not necessarily reflect actual attendance or dropout rates during the year. Also, the length of education differs across countries and can influence enrollment rates, although the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) tries to minimize the difference. For example, a shorter duration for primary education tends to increase the rate; a longer one to decrease it (in part because older children are more at risk of dropping out). Moreover, age at enrollment may be inaccurately estimated or misstated, especially in communities where registration of births is not strictly enforced.

Other Notes: Each economy is classified based on the classification of World Bank Group's fiscal year 2017 (July 1, 2016-June 30, 2017).

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Gross enrollment ratio for primary school is calculated by dividing the number of students enrolled in primary education regardless of age by the population of the age group which officially corresponds to primary education, and multiplying by 100. Data on education are collected by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics from official responses to its annual education survey. All the data are mapped to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) to ensure the comparability of education programs at the international level. The current version was formally adopted by UNESCO Member States in 2011. Population data are drawn from the United Nations Population Division. Using a single source for population data standardizes definitions, estimations, and interpolation methods, ensuring a consistent methodology across countries and minimizing potential enumeration problems in national censuses. The reference years reflect the school year for which the data are presented. In some countries the school year spans two calendar years (for example, from September 2010 to June 2011); in these cases the reference year refers to the year in which the school year ended (2011 in the example).

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual