Eswatini - School enrollment, primary (% gross)

The value for School enrollment, primary (% gross) in Eswatini was 115.16 as of 2017. As the graph below shows, over the past 47 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 124.91 in 2010 and a minimum value of 80.90 in 1970.

Definition: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music.

Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (

See also:

Year Value
1970 80.90
1971 81.17
1972 83.95
1973 86.86
1974 88.44
1975 88.80
1976 88.64
1977 88.83
1978 88.40
1979 88.66
1980 90.05
1981 92.31
1982 92.54
1983 92.14
1984 91.98
1985 91.88
1986 90.77
1987 90.89
1988 90.45
1989 89.62
1990 91.64
1991 92.09
1992 93.66
1993 95.23
1994 97.65
1995 101.95
1996 102.44
1997 103.80
1998 104.65
1999 106.19
2000 106.39
2001 104.99
2002 103.32
2003 103.28
2004 108.89
2005 111.77
2006 117.64
2007 120.27
2009 120.02
2010 124.91
2011 124.49
2012 123.65
2013 121.94
2014 120.72
2015 119.22
2016 116.80
2017 115.16

Development Relevance: Gross enrollment ratios indicate the capacity of each level of the education system, but a high ratio may reflect a substantial number of overage children enrolled in each grade because of repetition or late entry rather than a successful education system. The net enrollment rate excludes overage and underage students and more accurately captures the system's coverage and internal efficiency. Differences between the gross enrollment ratio and the net enrollment rate show the incidence of overage and underage enrollments.

Limitations and Exceptions: Enrollment indicators are based on annual school surveys, but do not necessarily reflect actual attendance or dropout rates during the year. Also, the length of education differs across countries and can influence enrollment rates, although the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) tries to minimize the difference. For example, a shorter duration for primary education tends to increase the rate; a longer one to decrease it (in part because older children are more at risk of dropping out). Moreover, age at enrollment may be inaccurately estimated or misstated, especially in communities where registration of births is not strictly enforced.

Other Notes: Data retrieved via API in March 2019. For detailed information on the observation level (e.g. National Estimation, UIS Estimation, or Category not applicable), please visit UIS.Stat (

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Gross enrollment ratio for primary school is calculated by dividing the number of students enrolled in primary education regardless of age by the population of the age group which officially corresponds to primary education, and multiplying by 100. Data on education are collected by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics from official responses to its annual education survey. All the data are mapped to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) to ensure the comparability of education programs at the international level. The current version was formally adopted by UNESCO Member States in 2011. Population data are drawn from the United Nations Population Division. Using a single source for population data standardizes definitions, estimations, and interpolation methods, ensuring a consistent methodology across countries and minimizing potential enumeration problems in national censuses. The reference years reflect the school year for which the data are presented. In some countries the school year spans two calendar years (for example, from September 2010 to June 2011); in these cases the reference year refers to the year in which the school year ended (2011 in the example).

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual


Topic: Education Indicators

Sub-Topic: Participation