School enrollment, secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI) - Country Ranking

Definition: Gender parity index for gross enrollment ratio in secondary education is the ratio of girls to boys enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.

Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (http://uis.unesco.org/)

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Lesotho 1.35 2017
2 Suriname 1.32 2015
3 Libya 1.18 2006
4 Bangladesh 1.16 2018
5 São Tomé and Principe 1.16 2017
6 Honduras 1.15 2017
7 Tunisia 1.14 2016
8 Tuvalu 1.14 2018
9 Bhutan 1.13 2018
10 Nicaragua 1.13 2010
11 Rwanda 1.12 2018
12 Belgium 1.12 2017
13 Burundi 1.11 2018
14 Uruguay 1.11 2017
15 Palau 1.11 2014
16 Andorra 1.11 1983
17 Philippines 1.11 2017
18 Kiribati 1.11 2008
19 Samoa 1.10 2016
20 Cabo Verde 1.10 2018
21 Fiji 1.10 2012
22 Finland 1.10 2017
23 Senegal 1.10 2018
24 Botswana 1.09 2008
25 Myanmar 1.09 2017
26 South Africa 1.09 2017
27 Puerto Rico 1.09 2016
28 Dominican Republic 1.08 2017
29 Malaysia 1.08 2018
30 Timor-Leste 1.08 2018
31 Venezuela 1.08 2017
32 Costa Rica 1.08 2018
33 Mexico 1.08 2017
34 Nepal 1.07 2017
35 Paraguay 1.07 2012
36 Mongolia 1.07 2010
37 Trinidad and Tobago 1.07 2004
38 Seychelles 1.07 2018
39 Sweden 1.07 2017
40 New Zealand 1.06 2017
41 Kuwait 1.06 2015
42 Comoros 1.06 2017
43 Bahrain 1.06 2018
44 Panama 1.06 2017
45 Mauritius 1.06 2018
46 Colombia 1.05 2018
47 Sri Lanka 1.05 2017
48 Tanzania 1.05 2018
49 Croatia 1.05 2016
50 Argentina 1.04 2017
51 Belize 1.04 2018
52 Grenada 1.04 2017
53 Malta 1.04 2016
54 Barbados 1.04 2018
55 Algeria 1.04 2011
56 Armenia 1.04 2018
57 Djibouti 1.03 2019
58 St. Kitts and Nevis 1.03 2016
59 Jordan 1.03 2018
60 Jamaica 1.03 2018
61 Brazil 1.03 2017
62 Guyana 1.03 2012
63 Tonga 1.03 2015
64 Madagascar 1.03 2018
65 United Kingdom 1.03 2017
66 Ecuador 1.03 2017
67 Vanuatu 1.03 2015
68 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 1.03 2018
69 Indonesia 1.03 2018
70 Slovenia 1.02 2017
71 Brunei 1.02 2018
72 Estonia 1.02 2017
73 Nauru 1.02 2016
74 Luxembourg 1.02 2017
75 Israel 1.02 2017
76 Mauritania 1.02 2018
77 Cuba 1.02 2018
78 The Bahamas 1.02 2016
79 India 1.02 2017
80 Sudan 1.01 2017
81 Georgia 1.01 2018
82 Spain 1.01 2017
82 Netherlands 1.01 2017
84 Montenegro 1.01 2017
85 Canada 1.01 2017
86 Slovak Republic 1.01 2017
87 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 1.01 2015
88 Denmark 1.01 2017
89 Serbia 1.01 2018
90 Kazakhstan 1.01 2018
91 Czech Republic 1.01 2017
92 France 1.01 2017
93 Albania 1.01 2018
94 Chile 1.00 2017
95 St. Lucia 1.00 2018
96 Hungary 1.00 2017
97 Azerbaijan 1.00 2018
98 Burkina Faso 1.00 2018
99 Kyrgyz Republic 1.00 2018
100 Romania 1.00 2016
101 Macao SAR, China 1.00 2018
102 China 1.00 2010
103 United States 0.99 2017
104 Eswatini 0.99 2016
105 Syrian Arab Republic 0.99 2013
106 Korea 0.99 2017
107 Italy 0.99 2017
108 Cyprus 0.99 2015
109 El Salvador 0.99 2017
110 Dominica 0.99 2015
111 Latvia 0.99 2017
112 Moldova 0.99 2018
113 Iceland 0.99 2017
114 Singapore 0.99 2017
115 Uzbekistan 0.99 2017
116 Egypt 0.99 2018
117 Belarus 0.99 2018
118 Ghana 0.99 2018
119 Ireland 0.98 2017
120 North Macedonia 0.98 2015
121 Malawi 0.98 2018
122 Ukraine 0.98 2014
123 Portugal 0.98 2017
124 Bolivia 0.98 2017
125 Russia 0.98 2017
126 Hong Kong SAR, China 0.97 2018
127 Bulgaria 0.97 2016
128 Poland 0.97 2017
129 Lebanon 0.97 1985
130 Sierra Leone 0.97 2017
131 Iran 0.96 2017
132 Antigua and Barbuda 0.96 2018
133 Ethiopia 0.96 2015
134 Thailand 0.96 2017
135 Zimbabwe 0.96 2013
136 Austria 0.96 2017
137 Turkmenistan 0.96 2014
138 The Gambia 0.96 2010
139 Lithuania 0.96 2017
140 Switzerland 0.96 2017
141 Norway 0.96 2017
142 Guatemala 0.95 2018
143 Turkey 0.95 2017
144 Solomon Islands 0.95 2012
145 Qatar 0.95 2010
146 Peru 0.95 2018
147 Greece 0.94 2017
148 Germany 0.94 2017
149 Lao PDR 0.93 2018
150 Oman 0.92 2018
151 United Arab Emirates 0.92 2017
152 Morocco 0.91 2018
153 Vietnam 0.91 1998
154 Nigeria 0.90 2016
155 Tajikistan 0.90 2013
156 Eritrea 0.90 2017
157 Kenya 0.90 2009
158 Mozambique 0.89 2017
159 San Marino 0.89 2018
160 Australia 0.89 2017
161 Gabon 0.88 1999
162 Congo 0.87 2012
163 Cameroon 0.86 2016
164 Cambodia 0.85 2008
165 Pakistan 0.85 2018
166 Mali 0.82 2018
167 Uganda 0.79 2007
168 Liechtenstein 0.78 2016
169 Saudi Arabia 0.77 2014
170 Liberia 0.77 2015
171 Côte d'Ivoire 0.77 2018
172 Benin 0.76 2016
173 Iraq 0.75 2007
174 Niger 0.75 2017
175 Equatorial Guinea 0.74 2005
176 Papua New Guinea 0.73 2016
177 Togo 0.73 2017
178 Yemen 0.73 2016
179 Central African Republic 0.67 2017
180 Guinea 0.65 2014
181 Angola 0.64 2016
182 Dem. Rep. Congo 0.64 2015
183 Zambia 0.60 1988
184 Afghanistan 0.57 2017
185 Guinea-Bissau 0.54 2000
186 Somalia 0.46 2007
187 Chad 0.46 2016

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Development Relevance: The Gender Parity Index (GPI) indicates parity between girls and boys. A GPI of less than 1 suggests girls are more disadvantaged than boys in learning opportunities and a GPI of greater than 1 suggests the other way around. Eliminating gender disparities in education would help increase the status and capabilities of women.

Other Notes: Data retrieved via API in March 2019. For detailed information on the observation level (e.g. National Estimation, UIS Estimation, or Category not applicable), please visit UIS.Stat (http://data.uis.unesco.org/).

Statistical Concept and Methodology: This indicator is calculated by dividing female gross enrollment ratio in secondary education by male gross enrollment ratio in secondary education. Data on education are collected by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics from official responses to its annual education survey. All the data are mapped to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) to ensure the comparability of education programs at the international level. The current version was formally adopted by UNESCO Member States in 2011. The reference years reflect the school year for which the data are presented. In some countries the school year spans two calendar years (for example, from September 2010 to June 2011); in these cases the reference year refers to the year in which the school year ended (2011 in the example).

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual