North Macedonia - School enrollment, secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI)

School enrollment, secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI) in North Macedonia was 0.983 as of 2015. Its highest value over the past 22 years was 0.986 in 1995, while its lowest value was 0.951 in 2008.

Definition: Gender parity index for gross enrollment ratio in secondary education is the ratio of girls to boys enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.

Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (

See also:

Year Value
1993 0.982
1994 0.985
1995 0.986
1996 0.983
1997 0.984
1998 0.977
1999 0.976
2000 0.968
2001 0.969
2002 0.971
2003 0.973
2004 0.970
2005 0.969
2007 0.961
2008 0.951
2009 0.959
2010 0.972
2012 0.981
2013 0.972
2014 0.970
2015 0.983

Development Relevance: The Gender Parity Index (GPI) indicates parity between girls and boys. A GPI of less than 1 suggests girls are more disadvantaged than boys in learning opportunities and a GPI of greater than 1 suggests the other way around. Eliminating gender disparities in education would help increase the status and capabilities of women.

Other Notes: Data retrieved via API in March 2019. For detailed information on the observation level (e.g. National Estimation, UIS Estimation, or Category not applicable), please visit UIS.Stat (

Statistical Concept and Methodology: This indicator is calculated by dividing female gross enrollment ratio in secondary education by male gross enrollment ratio in secondary education. Data on education are collected by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics from official responses to its annual education survey. All the data are mapped to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) to ensure the comparability of education programs at the international level. The current version was formally adopted by UNESCO Member States in 2011. The reference years reflect the school year for which the data are presented. In some countries the school year spans two calendar years (for example, from September 2010 to June 2011); in these cases the reference year refers to the year in which the school year ended (2011 in the example).

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual


Topic: Education Indicators

Sub-Topic: Participation