School enrollment, secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI) - Country Ranking - Europe

Definition: Gender parity index for gross enrollment ratio in secondary education is the ratio of girls to boys enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.

Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (http://uis.unesco.org/)

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Belgium 1.12 2017
2 Andorra 1.11 1983
3 Finland 1.10 2017
4 Sweden 1.07 2017
5 Croatia 1.05 2016
6 Malta 1.04 2016
7 United Kingdom 1.03 2017
8 Slovenia 1.02 2017
9 Estonia 1.02 2017
10 Luxembourg 1.02 2017
11 Spain 1.01 2017
11 Netherlands 1.01 2017
13 Montenegro 1.01 2017
14 Slovak Republic 1.01 2017
15 Denmark 1.01 2017
16 Serbia 1.01 2018
17 Czech Republic 1.01 2017
18 France 1.01 2017
19 Albania 1.01 2018
20 Hungary 1.00 2017
21 Romania 1.00 2016
22 Italy 0.99 2017
23 Cyprus 0.99 2015
24 Latvia 0.99 2017
25 Moldova 0.99 2018
26 Iceland 0.99 2017
27 Belarus 0.99 2018
28 Ireland 0.98 2017
29 North Macedonia 0.98 2015
30 Ukraine 0.98 2014
31 Portugal 0.98 2017
32 Bulgaria 0.97 2016
33 Poland 0.97 2017
34 Austria 0.96 2017
35 Lithuania 0.96 2017
36 Switzerland 0.96 2017
37 Norway 0.96 2017
38 Turkey 0.95 2017
39 Greece 0.94 2017
40 Germany 0.94 2017
41 San Marino 0.89 2018
42 Liechtenstein 0.78 2016

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Development Relevance: The Gender Parity Index (GPI) indicates parity between girls and boys. A GPI of less than 1 suggests girls are more disadvantaged than boys in learning opportunities and a GPI of greater than 1 suggests the other way around. Eliminating gender disparities in education would help increase the status and capabilities of women.

Other Notes: Data retrieved via API in March 2019. For detailed information on the observation level (e.g. National Estimation, UIS Estimation, or Category not applicable), please visit UIS.Stat (http://data.uis.unesco.org/).

Statistical Concept and Methodology: This indicator is calculated by dividing female gross enrollment ratio in secondary education by male gross enrollment ratio in secondary education. Data on education are collected by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics from official responses to its annual education survey. All the data are mapped to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) to ensure the comparability of education programs at the international level. The current version was formally adopted by UNESCO Member States in 2011. The reference years reflect the school year for which the data are presented. In some countries the school year spans two calendar years (for example, from September 2010 to June 2011); in these cases the reference year refers to the year in which the school year ended (2011 in the example).

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual