Turkey - School enrollment, secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI)

School enrollment, secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI) in Turkey was 0.953 as of 2017. Its highest value over the past 46 years was 0.976 in 2016, while its lowest value was 0.385 in 1971.

Definition: Gender parity index for gross enrollment ratio in secondary education is the ratio of girls to boys enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.

Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (http://uis.unesco.org/)

See also:

Year Value
1971 0.385
1972 0.391
1973 0.407
1974 0.427
1976 0.452
1977 0.456
1978 0.458
1979 0.475
1980 0.482
1982 0.525
1983 0.537
1984 0.543
1986 0.544
1987 0.551
1988 0.562
1989 0.576
1990 0.590
1991 0.603
1992 0.619
1993 0.632
1994 0.655
1995 0.649
1997 0.676
1999 0.680
2000 0.723
2001 0.724
2002 0.722
2003 0.726
2004 0.770
2005 0.831
2006 0.840
2007 0.851
2008 0.883
2009 0.911
2010 0.916
2011 0.918
2012 0.948
2013 0.968
2014 0.973
2015 0.974
2016 0.976
2017 0.953

Development Relevance: The Gender Parity Index (GPI) indicates parity between girls and boys. A GPI of less than 1 suggests girls are more disadvantaged than boys in learning opportunities and a GPI of greater than 1 suggests the other way around. Eliminating gender disparities in education would help increase the status and capabilities of women.

Other Notes: Data retrieved via API in March 2019. For detailed information on the observation level (e.g. National Estimation, UIS Estimation, or Category not applicable), please visit UIS.Stat (http://data.uis.unesco.org/).

Statistical Concept and Methodology: This indicator is calculated by dividing female gross enrollment ratio in secondary education by male gross enrollment ratio in secondary education. Data on education are collected by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics from official responses to its annual education survey. All the data are mapped to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) to ensure the comparability of education programs at the international level. The current version was formally adopted by UNESCO Member States in 2011. The reference years reflect the school year for which the data are presented. In some countries the school year spans two calendar years (for example, from September 2010 to June 2011); in these cases the reference year refers to the year in which the school year ended (2011 in the example).

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

Classification

Topic: Education Indicators

Sub-Topic: Participation