Germany - School enrollment, secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI)

School enrollment, secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI) in Germany was 0.939 as of 2017. Its highest value over the past 25 years was 0.980 in 2001, while its lowest value was 0.939 in 2017.

Definition: Gender parity index for gross enrollment ratio in secondary education is the ratio of girls to boys enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.

Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (

See also:

Year Value
1992 0.970
1993 0.958
1994 0.963
1995 0.965
1996 0.968
1997 0.972
1998 0.971
1999 0.975
2000 0.979
2001 0.980
2002 0.979
2003 0.975
2004 0.975
2005 0.974
2006 0.971
2007 0.974
2008 0.972
2009 0.947
2010 0.948
2011 0.947
2012 0.947
2013 0.953
2014 0.953
2015 0.953
2016 0.949
2017 0.939

Development Relevance: The Gender Parity Index (GPI) indicates parity between girls and boys. A GPI of less than 1 suggests girls are more disadvantaged than boys in learning opportunities and a GPI of greater than 1 suggests the other way around. Eliminating gender disparities in education would help increase the status and capabilities of women.

Other Notes: Data retrieved via API in March 2019. For detailed information on the observation level (e.g. National Estimation, UIS Estimation, or Category not applicable), please visit UIS.Stat (

Statistical Concept and Methodology: This indicator is calculated by dividing female gross enrollment ratio in secondary education by male gross enrollment ratio in secondary education. Data on education are collected by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics from official responses to its annual education survey. All the data are mapped to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) to ensure the comparability of education programs at the international level. The current version was formally adopted by UNESCO Member States in 2011. The reference years reflect the school year for which the data are presented. In some countries the school year spans two calendar years (for example, from September 2010 to June 2011); in these cases the reference year refers to the year in which the school year ended (2011 in the example).

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual


Topic: Education Indicators

Sub-Topic: Participation