Ethiopia - School enrollment, secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI)

School enrollment, secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI) in Ethiopia was 0.962 as of 2015. Its highest value over the past 44 years was 0.962 in 2015, while its lowest value was 0.332 in 1971.

Definition: Gender parity index for gross enrollment ratio in secondary education is the ratio of girls to boys enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.

Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (

See also:

Year Value
1971 0.332
1972 0.339
1974 0.376
1984 0.563
1991 0.775
1992 0.845
1993 0.876
1994 0.844
1995 0.795
1996 0.756
1999 0.680
2000 0.673
2001 0.666
2002 0.627
2003 0.578
2004 0.577
2005 0.602
2006 0.634
2007 0.675
2008 0.732
2009 0.783
2010 0.831
2011 0.883
2012 0.905
2015 0.962

Development Relevance: The Gender Parity Index (GPI) indicates parity between girls and boys. A GPI of less than 1 suggests girls are more disadvantaged than boys in learning opportunities and a GPI of greater than 1 suggests the other way around. Eliminating gender disparities in education would help increase the status and capabilities of women.

Other Notes: Data retrieved via API in March 2019. For detailed information on the observation level (e.g. National Estimation, UIS Estimation, or Category not applicable), please visit UIS.Stat (

Statistical Concept and Methodology: This indicator is calculated by dividing female gross enrollment ratio in secondary education by male gross enrollment ratio in secondary education. Data on education are collected by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics from official responses to its annual education survey. All the data are mapped to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) to ensure the comparability of education programs at the international level. The current version was formally adopted by UNESCO Member States in 2011. The reference years reflect the school year for which the data are presented. In some countries the school year spans two calendar years (for example, from September 2010 to June 2011); in these cases the reference year refers to the year in which the school year ended (2011 in the example).

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual


Topic: Education Indicators

Sub-Topic: Participation