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Iraq Demographics Profile 2019

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Population
40,194,216 (July 2018 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 39.01% (male 8,005,327 /female 7,674,802)
15-24 years: 19.42% (male 3,976,085 /female 3,829,086)
25-54 years: 33.97% (male 6,900,984 /female 6,752,797)
55-64 years: 4.05% (male 788,602 /female 839,291)
65 years and over: 3.55% (male 632,753 /female 794,489) (2018 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 77.7 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 72.3 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 5.5 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 18.3 (2015 est.)
Median age
total: 20.2 years (2018 est.)
male: 20 years
female: 20.5 years
Population growth rate
2.5% (2018 est.)
Birth rate
30 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate
3.8 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Net migration rate
-1.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 70.7% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 3.06% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
6.974 million BAGHDAD (capital), 1.578 million Mosul, 1.325 million Basra, 996,000 Kirkuk, 833,000 Erbil, 847,000 Najaf (2019)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/female
total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 37.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 40.6 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 34.2 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 74.9 years (2018 est.)
male: 72.6 years
female: 77.2 years
Total fertility rate
3.94 children born/woman (2018 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
52.8% (2018)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
NA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths
NA
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 93.8% of population
rural: 70.1% of population
total: 86.6% of population
unimproved: urban: 6.2% of population
rural: 29.9% of population
total: 13.4% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 86.4% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 83.8% of population (2015 est.)
total: 85.6% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 13.6% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 16.2% of population (2015 est.)
total: 14.4% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseases
degree of risk: intermediate (2016)
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)
Nationality
noun: Iraqi(s)
adjective: Iraqi
Ethnic groups
Arab 75-80%, Kurdish 15-20%, other 5% (includes Turkmen, Yezidi, Shabak, Kaka'i, Bedouin, Romani, Assyrian, Circassian, Sabaean-Mandaean, Persian)

note: data is a 1987 government estimate; no more recent reliable numbers are available

Religions
Muslim (official) 95-98% (Shia 64-69%, Sunni 29-34%), Christian 1% (includes Catholic, Orthodox, Protestant, Assyrian Church of the East), other 1-4% (2015 est.)

note: while there has been voluntary relocation of many Christian families to northern Iraq, the overall Christian population has decreased at least 50% and perhaps as high as 90% since the fall of the SADDAM Husayn regime in 2003, according to US Embassy estimates, with many fleeing to Syria, Jordan, and Lebanon

Languages
Arabic (official), Kurdish (official), Turkmen (a Turkish dialect), Syriac (Neo-Aramaic), and Armenian are official in areas where native speakers of these languages constitute a majority of the population
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 79.7%
male: 85.7%
female: 73.7% (2015 est.)
Education expenditures
NA
Maternal mortality rate
79 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
7.2% (2011)
Health expenditures
2,015%
Physicians density
0.82 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
Hospital bed density
1.4 beds/1,000 population (2014)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
30.4% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on December 7, 2019

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