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Iraq vs. Iran

Demographics

IraqIran
Population39,192,111 (July 2017 est.)
82,021,564 (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 39.46% (male 7,895,522/female 7,569,205)
15-24 years: 19.25% (male 3,841,375/female 3,702,187)
25-54 years: 33.84% (male 6,704,201/female 6,558,108)
55-64 years: 3.99% (male 752,598/female 812,683)
65 years and over: 3.46% (male 601,937/female 754,295) (2017 est.)
0-14 years: 24.19% (male 10,154,424/female 9,690,512)
15-24 years: 14.69% (male 6,174,435/female 5,878,475)
25-54 years: 48.57% (male 20,316,773/female 19,522,673)
55-64 years: 7.22% (male 2,920,111/female 2,999,525)
65 years and over: 5.32% (male 2,026,594/female 2,338,042) (2017 est.)
Median agetotal: 20 years
male: 19.8 years
female: 20.3 years (2017 est.)
total: 30.3 years
male: 30 years
female: 30.5 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate2.55% (2017 est.)
1.24% (2017 est.)
Birth rate30.4 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
17.9 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate3.8 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
5.3 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate-1.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
-0.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.91 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/female
total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.86 male(s)/female
total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 37.5 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 40.6 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 34.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
total: 15.9 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 17 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 14.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 74.9 years
male: 72.6 years
female: 77.2 years (2017 est.)
total population: 74 years
male: 72.7 years
female: 75.5 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate4 children born/woman (2017 est.)
1.97 children born/woman (2017 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
0.1% (2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Iraqi(s)
adjective: Iraqi
noun: Iranian(s)
adjective: Iranian
Ethnic groupsArab 75-80%, Kurdish 15-20%, other 5% (includes Turkmen, Yezidi, Shabak, Kaka'i, bedouin, Romani, Assyrian, Circassian, Sabaean-Mandaean, Persian)
note: data is a 1987 government estimate; no more recent reliable numbers are available
Persian, Azeri, Kurd, Lur, Baloch, Arab, Turkmen and Turkic tribes
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
66,000 (2016 est.)
ReligionsMuslim (official) 95-98% (Shia 64-69%, Sunni 29-34%), Christian 1% (includes Catholic, Orthodox, Protestant, Assyrian Church of the East), other 1-4%
note: while there has been voluntary relocation of many Christian families to northern Iraq, recent reporting indicates that the overall Christian population may have dropped by as much as 50% since the fall of the SADDAM Husayn regime in 2003, with many fleeing to Syria, Jordan, and Lebanon (2015 est.)
Muslim (official) 99.4% (Shia 90-95%, Sunni 5-10%), other (includes Zoroastrian, Jewish, and Christian) 0.3%, unspecified 0.4% (2011 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
4,000 (2016 est.)
LanguagesArabic (official), Kurdish (official), Turkmen (a Turkish dialect), Syriac (Neo-Aramaic), and Armenian are official in areas where native speakers of these languages constitute a majority of the population)
Persian (official), Azeri Turkic and Turkic dialects, Kurdish, Gilaki and Mazandarani, Luri, Balochi, Arabic, other
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 79.7%
male: 85.7%
female: 73.7% (2015 est.)
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 86.8%
male: 91.2%
female: 82.5% (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)
degree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea
vectorborne diseases: Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (2016)
Education expendituresNA
2.9% of GDP (2015)
Urbanizationurban population: 69.7% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 2.97% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
urban population: 74.4% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 1.78% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 93.8% of population
rural: 70.1% of population
total: 86.6% of population
unimproved:
urban: 6.1% of population
rural: 31.5% of population
total: 14.6% of population (2015 est.)
improved:
urban: 97.7% of population
rural: 92.1% of population
total: 96.2% of population
unimproved:
urban: 2.3% of population
rural: 7.9% of population
total: 3.8% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 86.4% of population
rural: 83.8% of population
total: 85.6% of population
unimproved:
urban: 13.6% of population
rural: 16.2% of population
total: 14.4% of population (2015 est.)
improved:
urban: 92.8% of population
rural: 82.3% of population
total: 90% of population
unimproved:
urban: 7.2% of population
rural: 17.7% of population
total: 10% of population (2015 est.)
Major cities - populationBAGHDAD (capital) 6.643 million; Mosul 1.694 million; Erbil 1.166 million; Basra 1.019 million; As Sulaymaniyah 1.004 million; Najaf 889,000 (2015)
TEHRAN (capital) 8.432 million; Mashhad 3.014 million; Esfahan 1.88 million; Karaj 1.807 million; Shiraz 1.661 million; Tabriz 1.572 million (2015)
Maternal mortality rate50 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
25 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight8.5% (2011)
4.1% (2011)
Health expenditures5.5% of GDP (2014)
6.9% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density0.85 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
1.49 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
Hospital bed density1.3 beds/1,000 population (2012)
0.1 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate30.4% (2016)
25.8% (2016)
Contraceptive prevalence rate52.5% (2011)
77.4% (2010/11)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 77.7
youth dependency ratio: 72.3
elderly dependency ratio: 5.5
potential support ratio: 18.3 (2015 est.)
total dependency ratio: 40.2
youth dependency ratio: 33.1
elderly dependency ratio: 7.1
potential support ratio: 14.2 (2015 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook