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Iraq vs. Kuwait

Demographics

IraqKuwait
Population
38,872,655 (July 2020 est.)
2,993,706 (July 2020 est.)

note: Kuwait's Public Authority for Civil Information estimates the country's total population to be 4,420,110 for 2019, with non-Kuwaitis accounting for nearly 70% of the population

Age structure
0-14 years: 37.02% (male 7,349,868/female 7,041,405)
15-24 years: 19.83% (male 3,918,433/female 3,788,157)
25-54 years: 35.59% (male 6,919,569/female 6,914,856)
55-64 years: 4.23% (male 805,397/female 839,137)
65 years and over: 3.33% (male 576,593/female 719,240) (2020 est.)
0-14 years: 24.29% (male 378,778/female 348,512)
15-24 years: 14.96% (male 245,354/female 202,642)
25-54 years: 52.39% (male 984,813/female 583,632)
55-64 years: 5.43% (male 90,583/female 72,026)
65 years and over: 2.92% (male 38,614/female 48,752) (2020 est.)
Median age
total: 21.2 years
male: 20.8 years
female: 21.6 years (2020 est.)
total: 29.7 years
male: 30.7 years
female: 27.9 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate
2.16% (2020 est.)
1.27% (2020 est.)
Birth rate
25.7 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
18 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Death rate
3.9 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
2.3 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Net migration rate
-0.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
-3.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/female
total population: 101.4 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.09 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.21 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.69 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.26 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.79 male(s)/female
total population: 138.4 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 19.5 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 20.9 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 18.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
total: 6.5 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 6.4 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 6.7 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 72.6 years
male: 70.7 years
female: 74.6 years (2020 est.)
total population: 78.6 years
male: 77.2 years
female: 80.2 years (2020 est.)
Total fertility rate
3.39 children born/woman (2020 est.)
2.26 children born/woman (2020 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
NA
<.1% (2018 est.)
Nationality
noun: Iraqi(s)
adjective: Iraqi
noun: Kuwaiti(s)
adjective: Kuwaiti
Ethnic groups
Arab 75-80%, Kurdish 15-20%, other 5% (includes Turkmen, Yezidi, Shabak, Kaka'i, Bedouin, Romani, Assyrian, Circassian, Sabaean-Mandaean, Persian)

note: data is a 1987 government estimate; no more recent reliable numbers are available

Kuwaiti 30.4%, other Arab 27.4%, Asian 40.3%, African 1%, other .9% (includes European, North American, South American, and Australian) (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
NA
<1000 (2018 est.)
Religions
Muslim (official) 95-98% (Shia 64-69%, Sunni 29-34%), Christian 1% (includes Catholic, Orthodox, Protestant, Assyrian Church of the East), other 1-4% (2015 est.)

note: while there has been voluntary relocation of many Christian families to northern Iraq, the overall Christian population has decreased at least 50% and perhaps as high as 90% since the fall of the SADDAM Husayn regime in 2003, according to US Embassy estimates, with many fleeing to Syria, Jordan, and Lebanon

Muslim (official) 74.6%, Christian 18.2%, other and unspecified 7.2% (2013 est.)

note: data represent the total population; about 69% of the population consists of immigrants

HIV/AIDS - deaths
NA
<100 (2018 est.)
Languages
Arabic (official), Kurdish (official), Turkmen (a Turkish dialect), Syriac (Neo-Aramaic), and Armenian are official in areas where native speakers of these languages constitute a majority of the population
Arabic (official), English widely spoken
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 50.1%
male: 56.2%
female: 44% (2018)
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 96.1%
male: 96.7%
female: 94.9% (2018)
Education expenditures
NA
NA
Urbanization
urban population: 70.9% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 3.06% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
urban population: 100% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 1.78% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 98.8% of population
rural: 95% of population
total: 97.9% of population
unimproved: urban: 1.2% of population
rural: 5% of population
total: 2.1% of population (2017 est.)
improved: total: 100% of population
unimproved: total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 96.7% of population
rural: 89.7% of population
total: 95.2% of population
unimproved: urban: 3.3% of population
rural: 10.3% of population
total: 4.8% of population (2017 est.)
improved: total: 100% of population
unimproved: total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
Major cities - population
7.144 million BAGHDAD (capital), 1.630 million Mosul, 1.352 million Basra, 1.013 million Kirkuk, 874,000 Najaf, 846,000 Erbil (2020)
3.115 million KUWAIT (capital) (2020)
Maternal mortality rate
79 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
12 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
3.9% (2018)
3% (2014)
Health expenditures
4.2% (2017)
5.3% (2017)
Physicians density
0.84 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
2.65 physicians/1,000 population (2015)
Hospital bed density
1.3 beds/1,000 population (2017)
2 beds/1,000 population (2017)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
30.4% (2016)
37.9% (2016)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 69.9
youth dependency ratio: 64.1
elderly dependency ratio: 5.9
potential support ratio: 17.1 (2020 est.)
total dependency ratio: 32.4
youth dependency ratio: 28.4
elderly dependency ratio: 4
potential support ratio: 24.9 (2020 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook