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Iraq vs. Saudi Arabia

Demographics

IraqSaudi Arabia
Population
40,194,216 (July 2018 est.)
33,091,113 (July 2018 est.)

note: immigrants make up 37% of the total population, according to UN data (2017)

Age structure
0-14 years: 39.01% (male 8,005,327 /female 7,674,802)
15-24 years: 19.42% (male 3,976,085 /female 3,829,086)
25-54 years: 33.97% (male 6,900,984 /female 6,752,797)
55-64 years: 4.05% (male 788,602 /female 839,291)
65 years and over: 3.55% (male 632,753 /female 794,489) (2018 est.)
0-14 years: 25.74% (male 4,348,227 /female 4,170,944)
15-24 years: 15.58% (male 2,707,229 /female 2,447,519)
25-54 years: 49.88% (male 9,951,080 /female 6,554,525)
55-64 years: 5.48% (male 1,112,743 /female 700,553)
65 years and over: 3.32% (male 586,606 /female 511,687) (2018 est.)
Median age
total: 20.2 years (2018 est.)
male: 20 years
female: 20.5 years
total: 29.9 years (2018 est.)
male: 32.1 years
female: 27.2 years
Population growth rate
2.5% (2018 est.)
1.63% (2018 est.)
Birth rate
30 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
15.6 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate
3.8 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
3.3 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Net migration rate
-1.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
4.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/female
total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.11 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.52 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.59 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.15 male(s)/female
total population: 1.3 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 37.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 40.6 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 34.2 deaths/1,000 live births
total: 12.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 13 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 11.1 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 74.9 years (2018 est.)
male: 72.6 years
female: 77.2 years
total population: 75.7 years (2018 est.)
male: 74.2 years
female: 77.3 years
Total fertility rate
3.94 children born/woman (2018 est.)
2.04 children born/woman (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
NA
<.1% (2016 est.)
Nationality
noun: Iraqi(s)
adjective: Iraqi
noun: Saudi(s)
adjective: Saudi or Saudi Arabian
Ethnic groups
Arab 75-80%, Kurdish 15-20%, other 5% (includes Turkmen, Yezidi, Shabak, Kaka'i, Bedouin, Romani, Assyrian, Circassian, Sabaean-Mandaean, Persian)

note: data is a 1987 government estimate; no more recent reliable numbers are available

Arab 90%, Afro-Asian 10%
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
NA
8,200 (2016 est.)
Religions
Muslim (official) 95-98% (Shia 64-69%, Sunni 29-34%), Christian 1% (includes Catholic, Orthodox, Protestant, Assyrian Church of the East), other 1-4% (2015 est.)

note: while there has been voluntary relocation of many Christian families to northern Iraq, the overall Christian population has decreased at least 50% and perhaps as high as 90% since the fall of the SADDAM Husayn regime in 2003, according to US Embassy estimates, with many fleeing to Syria, Jordan, and Lebanon

Muslim (official; citizens are 85-90% Sunni and 10-15% Shia), other (includes Eastern Orthodox, Protestant, Roman Catholic, Jewish, Hindu, Buddhist, and Sikh) (2012 est.)

note: despite having a large expatriate community of various faiths (more than 30% of the population), most forms of public religious expression inconsistent with the government-sanctioned interpretation of Sunni Islam are restricted; non-Muslims are not allowed to have Saudi citizenship and non-Muslim places of worship are not permitted (2013)

HIV/AIDS - deaths
NA
<500 (2016 est.)
Languages
Arabic (official), Kurdish (official), Turkmen (a Turkish dialect), Syriac (Neo-Aramaic), and Armenian are official in areas where native speakers of these languages constitute a majority of the population
Arabic (official)
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 79.7%
male: 85.7%
female: 73.7% (2015 est.)
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 94.7%
male: 97%
female: 91.1% (2015 est.)
Education expenditures
NA
NA
Urbanization
urban population: 70.7% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 3.06% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
urban population: 84.1% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 2.17% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 93.8% of population
rural: 70.1% of population
total: 86.6% of population
unimproved: urban: 6.2% of population
rural: 29.9% of population
total: 13.4% of population (2015 est.)
improved: urban: 97% of population
rural: 97% of population
total: 97% of population
unimproved: rural: 3% of population
total: 3% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 86.4% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 83.8% of population (2015 est.)
total: 85.6% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 13.6% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 16.2% of population (2015 est.)
total: 14.4% of population (2015 est.)
improved: urban: 100% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 100% of population (2015 est.)
total: 100% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 0% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 0% of population (2015 est.)
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Major cities - population
6.974 million BAGHDAD (capital), 1.578 million Mosul, 1.325 million Basra, 996,000 Kirkuk, 833,000 Erbil, 847,000 Najaf (2019)
7.071 million RIYADH (capital), 4.522 million Jeddah, 2.005 million Mecca, 1.459 million Medina, 1.225 million Ad Dammam (2019)
Maternal mortality rate
79 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
17 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Health expenditures
2,015%
5.8% (2015)
Physicians density
0.82 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
2.39 physicians/1,000 population (2016)
Hospital bed density
1.4 beds/1,000 population (2014)
2.7 beds/1,000 population (2014)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
30.4% (2016)
35.4% (2016)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
52.8% (2018)
24.6% (2016)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 77.7 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 72.3 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 5.5 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 18.3 (2015 est.)
total dependency ratio: 40.9 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 36.6 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 4.3 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 23.2 (2015 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook