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Iraq vs. Jordan

Demographics

IraqJordan
Population
40,194,216 (July 2018 est.)
10,458,413 (July 2018 est.)

note: increased estimate reflects revised assumptions about the net migration rate due to the increased flow of Syrian refugees

Age structure
0-14 years: 39.01% (male 8,005,327 /female 7,674,802)
15-24 years: 19.42% (male 3,976,085 /female 3,829,086)
25-54 years: 33.97% (male 6,900,984 /female 6,752,797)
55-64 years: 4.05% (male 788,602 /female 839,291)
65 years and over: 3.55% (male 632,753 /female 794,489) (2018 est.)
0-14 years: 34.14% (male 1,835,094 /female 1,735,773)
15-24 years: 19.98% (male 1,114,783 /female 975,086)
25-54 years: 37.72% (male 2,137,424 /female 1,807,573)
55-64 years: 4.64% (male 253,029 /female 232,652)
65 years and over: 3.51% (male 180,652 /female 186,347) (2018 est.)
Median age
total: 20.2 years (2018 est.)
male: 20 years
female: 20.5 years
total: 22.8 years (2018 est.)
male: 23.2 years
female: 22.3 years
Population growth rate
2.5% (2018 est.)
2.02% (2018 est.)
Birth rate
30 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
23.6 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate
3.8 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
3.4 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Net migration rate
-1.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/female
total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.14 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.18 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.09 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.97 male(s)/female
total population: 1.12 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 37.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 40.6 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 34.2 deaths/1,000 live births
total: 13.7 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 14.5 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 12.9 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 74.9 years (2018 est.)
male: 72.6 years
female: 77.2 years
total population: 75 years (2018 est.)
male: 73.6 years
female: 76.6 years
Total fertility rate
3.94 children born/woman (2018 est.)
3.14 children born/woman (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
NA
<.1% (2018 est.)
Nationality
noun: Iraqi(s)
adjective: Iraqi
noun: Jordanian(s)
adjective: Jordanian
Ethnic groups
Arab 75-80%, Kurdish 15-20%, other 5% (includes Turkmen, Yezidi, Shabak, Kaka'i, Bedouin, Romani, Assyrian, Circassian, Sabaean-Mandaean, Persian)

note: data is a 1987 government estimate; no more recent reliable numbers are available

Jordanian 69.3%, Syrian 13.3%, Palestinian 6.7%, Egyptian 6.7%, Iraqi 1.4%, other 2.6% (includes Armenian, Circassian) (2015 est.)

note: data represent population by self-identified nationality

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
NA
<500 (2018 est.)
Religions
Muslim (official) 95-98% (Shia 64-69%, Sunni 29-34%), Christian 1% (includes Catholic, Orthodox, Protestant, Assyrian Church of the East), other 1-4% (2015 est.)

note: while there has been voluntary relocation of many Christian families to northern Iraq, the overall Christian population has decreased at least 50% and perhaps as high as 90% since the fall of the SADDAM Husayn regime in 2003, according to US Embassy estimates, with many fleeing to Syria, Jordan, and Lebanon

Muslim 97.2% (official; predominantly Sunni), Christian 2.2% (majority Greek Orthodox, but some Greek and Roman Catholics, Syrian Orthodox, Coptic Orthodox, Armenian Orthodox, and Protestant denominations), Buddhist 0.4%, Hindu 0.1%, Jewish <0.1, folk <0.1, unaffiliated <0.1, other <0.1 (2010 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
NA
<100 (2018 est.)
Languages
Arabic (official), Kurdish (official), Turkmen (a Turkish dialect), Syriac (Neo-Aramaic), and Armenian are official in areas where native speakers of these languages constitute a majority of the population
Arabic (official), English (widely understood among upper and middle classes)
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 79.7%
male: 85.7%
female: 73.7% (2015 est.)
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 95.4%
male: 97.7%
female: 92.9% (2015 est.)
Education expenditures
NA
3.6% of GDP (2017)
Urbanization
urban population: 70.7% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 3.06% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
urban population: 91.2% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 2.43% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 93.8% of population
rural: 70.1% of population
total: 86.6% of population
unimproved: urban: 6.2% of population
rural: 29.9% of population
total: 13.4% of population (2015 est.)
improved: urban: 97.8% of population
rural: 92.3% of population
total: 96.9% of population
unimproved: urban: 2.2% of population
rural: 7.7% of population
total: 3.1% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 86.4% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 83.8% of population (2015 est.)
total: 85.6% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 13.6% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 16.2% of population (2015 est.)
total: 14.4% of population (2015 est.)
improved: urban: 98.6% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 98.9% of population (2015 est.)
total: 98.6% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 1.4% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 1.1% of population (2015 est.)
total: 1.4% of population (2015 est.)
Major cities - population
6.974 million BAGHDAD (capital), 1.578 million Mosul, 1.325 million Basra, 996,000 Kirkuk, 833,000 Erbil, 847,000 Najaf (2019)
2.109 million AMMAN (capital) (2019)
Maternal mortality rate
79 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
46 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
7.2% (2011)
3% (2012)
Health expenditures
2,015%
6.9% (2015)
Physicians density
0.82 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
2.34 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
Hospital bed density
1.4 beds/1,000 population (2014)
1.4 beds/1,000 population (2015)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
30.4% (2016)
35.5% (2016)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
52.8% (2018)
51.8% (2017/18)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 77.7 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 72.3 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 5.5 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 18.3 (2015 est.)
total dependency ratio: 66.1 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 59.8 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 6.2 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 16 (2015 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook