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Iraq vs. Jordan

Demographics

IraqJordan
Population
38,872,655 (July 2020 est.)
10,820,644 (July 2020 est.)

note: increased estimate reflects revised assumptions about the net migration rate due to the increased flow of Syrian refugees

Age structure
0-14 years: 37.02% (male 7,349,868/female 7,041,405)
15-24 years: 19.83% (male 3,918,433/female 3,788,157)
25-54 years: 35.59% (male 6,919,569/female 6,914,856)
55-64 years: 4.23% (male 805,397/female 839,137)
65 years and over: 3.33% (male 576,593/female 719,240) (2020 est.)
0-14 years: 33.05% (male 1,837,696/female 1,738,935)
15-24 years: 19.77% (male 1,126,567/female 1,012,812)
25-54 years: 38.39% (male 2,250,328/female 1,903,996)
55-64 years: 5.11% (male 290,633/female 262,827)
65 years and over: 3.67% (male 194,464/female 202,386) (2020 est.)
Median age
total: 21.2 years
male: 20.8 years
female: 21.6 years (2020 est.)
total: 23.5 years
male: 23.9 years
female: 22.9 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate
2.16% (2020 est.)
1.4% (2020 est.)
Birth rate
25.7 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
23 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Death rate
3.9 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
3.4 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Net migration rate
-0.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
-11.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/female
total population: 101.4 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.11 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.18 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.11 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.96 male(s)/female
total population: 111.3 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 19.5 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 20.9 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 18.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
total: 12.8 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 13.6 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 12 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 72.6 years
male: 70.7 years
female: 74.6 years (2020 est.)
total population: 75.5 years
male: 74 years
female: 77.1 years (2020 est.)
Total fertility rate
3.39 children born/woman (2020 est.)
3.04 children born/woman (2020 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
NA
<.1% (2018 est.)
Nationality
noun: Iraqi(s)
adjective: Iraqi
noun: Jordanian(s)
adjective: Jordanian
Ethnic groups
Arab 75-80%, Kurdish 15-20%, other 5% (includes Turkmen, Yezidi, Shabak, Kaka'i, Bedouin, Romani, Assyrian, Circassian, Sabaean-Mandaean, Persian)

note: data is a 1987 government estimate; no more recent reliable numbers are available

Jordanian 69.3%, Syrian 13.3%, Palestinian 6.7%, Egyptian 6.7%, Iraqi 1.4%, other 2.6% (includes Armenian, Circassian) (2015 est.)

note: data represent population by self-identified nationality

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
NA
<500 (2018 est.)
Religions
Muslim (official) 95-98% (Shia 64-69%, Sunni 29-34%), Christian 1% (includes Catholic, Orthodox, Protestant, Assyrian Church of the East), other 1-4% (2015 est.)

note: while there has been voluntary relocation of many Christian families to northern Iraq, the overall Christian population has decreased at least 50% and perhaps as high as 90% since the fall of the SADDAM Husayn regime in 2003, according to US Embassy estimates, with many fleeing to Syria, Jordan, and Lebanon

Muslim 97.2% (official; predominantly Sunni), Christian 2.2% (majority Greek Orthodox, but some Greek and Roman Catholics, Syrian Orthodox, Coptic Orthodox, Armenian Orthodox, and Protestant denominations), Buddhist 0.4%, Hindu 0.1%, Jewish <0.1, folk <0.1, unaffiliated <0.1, other <0.1 (2010 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
NA
<100 (2018 est.)
Languages
Arabic (official), Kurdish (official), Turkmen (a Turkish dialect), Syriac (Neo-Aramaic), and Armenian are official in areas where native speakers of these languages constitute a majority of the population
Arabic (official), English (widely understood among upper and middle classes)
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 50.1%
male: 56.2%
female: 44% (2018)
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.2%
male: 98.6%
female: 97.8% (2018)
Education expenditures
NA
3.6% of GDP (2017)
Urbanization
urban population: 70.9% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 3.06% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
urban population: 91.4% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 2.43% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 98.8% of population
rural: 95% of population
total: 97.9% of population
unimproved: urban: 1.2% of population
rural: 5% of population
total: 2.1% of population (2017 est.)
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 97.7% of population
total: 98.9% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 2.2% of population
total: 1.1% of population (2017 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 96.7% of population
rural: 89.7% of population
total: 95.2% of population
unimproved: urban: 3.3% of population
rural: 10.3% of population
total: 4.8% of population (2017 est.)
improved: urban: 98.6% of population
rural: 96.6% of population
total: 98.5% of population
unimproved: urban: 1.4% of population
rural: 3.7% of population
total: 1.5% of population (2017 est.)
Major cities - population
7.144 million BAGHDAD (capital), 1.630 million Mosul, 1.352 million Basra, 1.013 million Kirkuk, 874,000 Najaf, 846,000 Erbil (2020)
2.148 million AMMAN (capital) (2020)
Maternal mortality rate
79 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
46 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
3.9% (2018)
3% (2012)
Health expenditures
4.2% (2017)
8.1% (2017)
Physicians density
0.84 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
2.32 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
Hospital bed density
1.3 beds/1,000 population (2017)
1.5 beds/1,000 population (2017)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
30.4% (2016)
35.5% (2016)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
52.8% (2018)
51.8% (2017/18)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 69.9
youth dependency ratio: 64.1
elderly dependency ratio: 5.9
potential support ratio: 17.1 (2020 est.)
total dependency ratio: 58.2
youth dependency ratio: 52
elderly dependency ratio: 6.3
potential support ratio: 16 (2020 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook