Population

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Country20002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420162017
Australia19,169,08019,357,59019,546,79019,731,98019,913,14020,090,44020,264,08020,434,18021,007,31021,262,64021,515,75021,766,71022,015,58022,262,50022,507,62022,992,65023,232,410
China1,261,832,0001,273,111,0001,284,304,0001,286,975,0001,298,848,0001,306,314,0001,313,974,0001,321,852,0001,330,045,0001,338,613,0001,330,141,0001,336,718,0001,343,240,0001,349,586,0001,355,693,0001,373,541,0001,379,303,000
France59,329,69059,551,23059,765,98060,180,53060,424,21060,656,18060,876,14063,713,93064,057,79064,057,79064,768,39065,312,25065,630,69065,951,61066,259,01066,836,15067,106,160
Germany82,797,41083,029,54083,251,85082,398,33082,424,61082,431,39082,422,30082,400,99082,369,55082,329,76082,282,99081,471,83081,305,86081,147,26080,996,69080,722,79080,594,020
India1,014,004,0001,029,991,0001,045,845,0001,049,700,0001,065,071,0001,080,264,0001,095,352,0001,129,866,0001,147,996,0001,166,079,0001,173,108,0001,189,173,0001,205,074,0001,220,800,0001,236,345,0001,266,884,0001,281,936,000
Definition of Population: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: Starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.

Population growth rate (%)

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Country20002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420162017
Australia1.020.990.960.930.90.870.850.821.221.21.171.151.131.111.091.051.03
China0.90.880.870.60.570.580.590.610.630.660.490.490.480.460.440.430.41
France0.380.370.350.420.390.370.350.590.570.550.530.50.50.470.450.410.39
Germany0.290.270.260.040.020-0.02-0.03-0.04-0.05-0.06-0.21-0.2-0.19-0.18-0.16-0.16
India1.581.551.511.471.441.41.381.611.581.551.381.341.311.281.251.191.17
Definition of Population growth rate: The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. The rate may be positive or negative. The growth rate is a factor in determining how great a burden would be imposed on a country by the changing needs of its people for infrastructure (e.g., schools, hospitals, housing, roads), resources (e.g., food, water, electricity), and jobs. Rapid population growth can be seen as threatening by neighboring countries.

Birth rate (births/1,000 population)

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Country20002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420162017
Australia13.0812.8612.7112.5512.412.2612.1412.0212.5512.4712.3912.3312.2812.2312.1912.112.1
China16.1215.9515.8512.9612.9813.1413.2513.4513.711412.1712.2912.3112.2512.1712.412.3
France12.2712.111.9412.5412.3412.1511.9912.9112.7312.5712.4312.2912.7212.612.4912.312.2
Germany9.359.168.998.68.458.338.258.28.188.188.218.38.338.378.428.58.6
India24.7924.2823.7923.2822.822.3222.0122.6922.2221.7621.3420.9720.620.2419.8919.319
Definition of Birth rate: This entry gives the average annual number of births during a year per 1,000 persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate. The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population.

Net migration rate (migrant(s)/1,000 population)

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Country20002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420162017
Australia4.264.194.124.053.983.913.853.786.346.236.136.035.935.835.745.65.5
China-0.4-0.39-0.38-0.23-0.4-0.4-0.39-0.39-0.39-0.39-0.34-0.33-0.33-0.33-0.32-0.4-0.4
France0.660.640.640.660.660.660.661.521.481.481.471.461.11.11.091.11.1
Germany4.0143.992.182.182.182.182.182.192.192.190.540.710.891.061.51.5
India-0.08-0.08-0.07-0.07-0.07-0.07-0.07-0.05-0.05-0.05-0.05-0.05-0.05-0.05-0.0500
Definition of Net migration rate: This entry includes the figure for the difference between the number of persons entering and leaving a country during the year per 1,000 persons (based on midyear population). An excess of persons entering the country is referred to as net immigration (e.g., 3.56 migrants/1,000 population); an excess of persons leaving the country as net emigration (e.g., -9.26 migrants/1,000 population). The net migration rate indicates the contribution of migration to the overall level of population change. The net migration rate does not distinguish between economic migrants, refugees, and other types of migrants nor does it distinguish between lawful migrants and undocumented migrants.

Population density (Number of people per square kilometer)

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Country20032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420162017
Australia2.572.592.612.642.662.732.752.782.812.842.882.912.973
China134.1135.34136.12136.92137.74138.59139.48138.6139.29139.97140.63141.26143.12143.72
France110.01110.46110.88111.2899.0299.5699.56100.66101.45101.94102.44102.92103.81104.23
Germany230.79230.87230.89230.86230.8230.71230.6230.47228.2227.73227.29226.87226.1225.74
India319.29323.97328.59333.18343.68349.19354.73356.86361.75366.59371.37376.1385.39389.97
Definition of Population density: Population density is the number of people per unit of area.

Source: CIA World Factbook - Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of June 30, 2018