Expenditure on tertiary education (% of government expenditure on education) - Country Ranking

Definition: Expenditure on tertiary education is expressed as a percentage of total general government expenditure on education. General government usually refers to local, regional and central governments.

Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (http://uis.unesco.org/)

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Libya 52.73 1999
2 Ethiopia 47.85 2015
3 Sierra Leone 46.36 2018
4 Ecuador 43.51 2015
5 Nigeria 43.06 1975
6 Botswana 41.51 2009
7 Papua New Guinea 40.43 1977
8 Egypt 39.62 1996
9 Gabon 37.83 2014
10 Macao SAR, China 37.12 2017
11 Puerto Rico 36.78 2014
12 Greece 36.10 2005
13 Canada 35.60 2011
14 Singapore 35.28 2013
15 Bangladesh 33.28 2016
16 Kuwait 32.60 2006
17 Austria 32.49 2016
18 Netherlands 31.93 2016
19 Eritrea 31.90 2004
20 Turkey 31.90 2006
21 Chad 31.70 2013
22 Liberia 31.56 2012
23 Denmark 30.68 2014
24 Equatorial Guinea 30.13 1998
25 Serbia 29.93 2017
26 Hong Kong SAR, China 29.39 2018
27 Lebanon 28.74 2013
28 Oman 28.71 2017
29 Barbados 28.54 2017
30 India 28.53 2013
31 Iran 28.24 2018
32 Senegal 28.07 2016
33 United States 27.50 2014
34 Central African Republic 27.29 2011
35 Estonia 27.12 2016
36 Algeria 26.97 2008
37 Australia 26.82 2016
38 Norway 26.72 2016
39 Finland 26.54 2016
40 Bolivia 26.22 2014
41 Nicaragua 26.05 2010
42 Switzerland 26.00 2016
43 Germany 25.99 2016
44 Zambia 25.75 2005
45 United Kingdom 25.62 2016
46 Malta 25.33 2015
47 Chile 25.15 2017
48 Cuba 25.12 2007
49 Ukraine 24.99 2017
50 Uruguay 24.80 2017
51 Bahrain 24.40 2013
52 Burundi 24.23 2013
53 Syrian Arab Republic 24.22 2009
54 Sweden 24.09 2016
55 China 23.98 1999
56 Tunisia 23.94 2015
57 Dem. Rep. Congo 23.81 2015
58 New Zealand 23.74 2016
59 Paraguay 23.33 2016
60 Colombia 23.31 2018
61 Niger 23.26 2017
62 Costa Rica 23.14 2018
63 Malawi 23.11 2016
64 Poland 22.84 2016
65 Venezuela 22.60 2009
66 France 22.57 2016
67 Fiji 22.56 2013
68 Iraq 22.32 1989
69 Belgium 22.28 2016
70 Panama 22.24 2011
71 Benin 22.15 2015
72 Pakistan 22.11 2017
73 Argentina 22.08 2017
74 Croatia 21.86 2013
75 Spain 21.79 2016
76 Mali 21.74 2016
77 Tonga 21.72 2004
78 Seychelles 21.64 2016
79 Russia 21.61 2016
80 Brazil 21.45 2015
81 Tanzania 21.40 2014
82 Malaysia 21.35 2018
83 Slovak Republic 21.30 2016
84 Romania 21.16 2015
85 Mexico 21.09 2016
86 Japan 20.76 2014
87 Sri Lanka 20.74 2018
88 Cyprus 20.70 2015
89 Palau 20.66 2001
90 Lithuania 20.52 2016
91 Morocco 20.18 2009
92 Iceland 19.91 2016
93 Rwanda 19.82 2018
94 Slovenia 19.74 2016
95 Jamaica 19.60 2018
96 Ireland 19.58 2016
97 Italy 19.12 2016
98 Albania 19.10 2016
99 Brunei 18.89 2016
100 Portugal 18.30 2015
101 Ghana 18.27 2014
102 Togo 17.93 2016
103 Mauritania 17.73 2016
104 Guinea 17.30 2018
105 Cabo Verde 17.15 2017
106 Saudi Arabia 16.94 1998
107 Zimbabwe 16.83 2014
108 Djibouti 16.50 2010
109 Belarus 16.48 2017
110 Azerbaijan 16.40 2017
111 Uganda 16.30 2014
112 Hungary 16.08 2016
113 Latvia 16.04 2016
114 Afghanistan 15.95 2015
115 Bulgaria 15.92 2013
116 Indonesia 15.80 2015
117 Peru 15.77 2018
118 Thailand 15.55 2013
119 St. Kitts and Nevis 15.36 2015
120 South Africa 15.25 2018
121 Madagascar 15.20 2012
122 Israel 15.16 2016
123 North Macedonia 15.01 2002
124 Vietnam 15.01 2013
125 Myanmar 14.78 2018
126 Moldova 14.74 2017
127 The Gambia 14.57 2014
128 Dominican Republic 14.54 2007
129 Côte d'Ivoire 14.03 2018
130 Guatemala 13.89 2018
131 Lao PDR 13.81 2014
132 Honduras 13.69 2015
133 Mozambique 13.69 2013
134 Solomon Islands 13.66 1991
135 Burkina Faso 13.65 2015
136 Grenada 13.58 2017
137 Korea 13.54 1999
138 Eswatini 13.33 2014
139 Luxembourg 13.10 2015
140 Kenya 13.07 2015
141 Armenia 12.99 2017
142 Czech Republic 12.60 2016
143 Philippines 11.96 2009
144 Trinidad and Tobago 11.51 1990
145 Congo 10.87 2010
146 Nepal 10.80 2015
147 Kazakhstan 10.56 2017
148 Comoros 10.41 2015
149 Bhutan 10.33 2014
150 Cameroon 10.21 2013
151 Haiti 10.16 1991
152 Georgia 10.08 2017
153 Tajikistan 9.95 2015
154 São Tomé and Principe 9.60 2014
155 Belize 9.47 2017
156 Kiribati 9.44 1974
157 El Salvador 9.37 2017
158 Jordan 9.27 2018
159 Turkmenistan 9.23 2012
160 Samoa 9.18 2016
161 Liechtenstein 9.09 2007
162 Dominica 8.86 2015
163 Angola 8.70 2006
164 Qatar 7.61 1978
165 Lesotho 7.41 2018
166 Antigua and Barbuda 7.35 2009
167 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 7.01 2010
168 San Marino 6.83 2017
169 Mauritius 6.42 2018
170 Mongolia 6.41 2017
171 Cambodia 6.10 2013
172 Vanuatu 5.86 2008
173 Andorra 5.64 2018
174 Guyana 5.06 2012
175 Monaco 4.37 2004
176 Timor-Leste 4.11 2014
177 Guinea-Bissau 3.90 2013
178 Kyrgyz Republic 3.03 2017
179 Somalia 1.47 1973
180 Tuvalu 0.00 1990
180 St. Lucia 0.00 2018

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Development Relevance: The share of government expenditure for a specific education level allows an assessment of the priority a government assigns to a level of education relative to other levels. Enrolment and the relative costs per student between different levels of education should be also taken into account.

Limitations and Exceptions: Data disaggregated by level of education are estimates in some instances. It is often difficult to separate lower from upper secondary education expenditure, or pre-primary from primary.

Other Notes: Data retrieved via API in March 2019. For detailed information on the observation level (e.g. National Estimation, UIS Estimation, or Category not applicable), please visit UIS.Stat (http://data.uis.unesco.org/).

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The share of expenditure on tertiary education to total government expenditure on education is calculated by dividing government expenditure on tertiary education by total government expenditure on education (all levels combined), and multiplying by 100. Aggregate data are based on World Bank estimates. Data on education are collected by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics from official responses to its annual education survey. All the data are mapped to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) to ensure the comparability of education programs at the international level. The current version was formally adopted by UNESCO Member States in 2011. The reference years reflect the school year for which the data are presented. In some countries the school year spans two calendar years (for example, from September 2010 to June 2011); in these cases the reference year refers to the year in which the school year ended (2011 in the example).

Aggregation method: Median

Periodicity: Annual