Expenditure on tertiary education (% of government expenditure on education) - Country Ranking

Definition: Expenditure on tertiary education is expressed as a percentage of total general government expenditure on education. General government usually refers to local, regional and central governments.

Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Libya 52.73 1999
2 Ecuador 43.51 2015
3 Nigeria 43.06 1975
4 Macao SAR, China 42.73 2014
5 Ethiopia 42.71 2013
6 Botswana 41.51 2009
7 Papua New Guinea 40.43 1977
8 Egypt 39.62 1996
9 Barbados 39.28 2014
10 Guinea 39.15 2014
11 Puerto Rico 38.58 2013
12 Gabon 37.83 2014
13 Lesotho 36.38 2008
14 Greece 36.10 2005
15 Canada 35.60 2011
16 Singapore 35.28 2013
17 Samoa 33.22 2001
18 Turkey 33.22 2013
19 Kuwait 32.60 2006
20 United States 32.54 2014
21 Austria 32.52 2014
22 Seychelles 32.51 2011
23 Eritrea 31.90 2004
24 Chad 31.70 2013
25 Liberia 31.56 2012
26 Ukraine 31.52 2014
27 Sierra Leone 30.73 2014
28 Netherlands 30.57 2014
29 Equatorial Guinea 30.13 1998
30 Hong Kong SAR, China 29.53 2015
31 Iran 29.41 2015
32 Serbia 29.12 2012
33 Senegal 28.84 2014
34 Lithuania 28.76 2013
35 Lebanon 28.74 2013
36 India 28.53 2013
37 Tunisia 28.13 2012
38 Finland 27.91 2014
39 Central African Republic 27.29 2011
40 Malaysia 27.26 2015
41 Algeria 26.97 2008
42 Denmark 26.89 2013
43 Oman 26.88 2009
44 Uruguay 26.83 2011
45 Germany 26.59 2014
46 Australia 26.54 2014
47 Switzerland 26.38 2014
48 Estonia 26.23 2014
49 Bolivia 26.22 2014
50 Nicaragua 26.05 2010
51 Norway 25.94 2013
52 Zambia 25.75 2005
53 Chile 25.68 2015
54 New Zealand 25.57 2015
55 Sweden 25.27 2014
56 Cuba 25.12 2007
57 Burundi 24.23 2013
58 Syrian Arab Republic 24.22 2009
59 Malawi 24.21 2015
60 Poland 24.12 2014
61 China 23.98 1999
62 Namibia 23.09 2010
63 Slovak Republic 23.00 2014
64 United Kingdom 22.82 2015
65 Pakistan 22.79 2015
66 Venezuela 22.60 2009
67 Myanmar 22.59 1995
68 France 22.58 2013
69 Fiji 22.56 2013
70 Spain 22.49 2014
71 Paraguay 22.40 2012
72 Iraq 22.32 1989
73 Costa Rica 22.25 2015
74 Panama 22.24 2011
75 Benin 22.15 2015
76 Belgium 22.05 2014
77 Dem. Rep. Congo 21.95 2013
78 Albania 21.93 2013
79 Croatia 21.86 2013
80 Tonga 21.72 2004
81 Romania 21.65 2014
82 Mali 21.59 2014
83 Ireland 21.51 2013
84 Czech Republic 21.48 2013
85 Côte d'Ivoire 21.44 2015
86 Tanzania 21.40 2014
87 Colombia 21.38 2015
88 Mexico 21.32 2014
89 Latvia 21.31 2014
90 Russia 21.15 2012
91 Rwanda 20.86 2015
92 Japan 20.76 2014
93 Korea 20.76 2015
94 Palau 20.66 2001
95 Slovenia 20.53 2013
96 Argentina 20.40 2014
97 Morocco 20.18 2009
98 Bangladesh 20.00 2016
99 Italy 19.59 2014
100 Iceland 19.36 2013
101 Malta 19.25 2013
102 Georgia 19.17 2012
103 Brunei 18.89 2016
104 Jordan 18.66 1999
105 Honduras 18.49 2013
106 Ghana 18.27 2014
107 Brazil 18.16 2013
108 Portugal 17.83 2014
109 Cyprus 17.56 2014
110 Jamaica 17.39 2015
111 Togo 17.33 2015
112 Moldova 17.19 2014
113 Saudi Arabia 16.94 1998
114 Zimbabwe 16.83 2014
115 Belarus 16.76 2015
116 Djibouti 16.50 2010
117 Hungary 16.45 2014
118 Uganda 16.30 2014
119 Peru 16.08 2015
120 Afghanistan 15.95 2015
121 Bulgaria 15.92 2013
122 Cabo Verde 15.82 2013
123 Indonesia 15.80 2015
124 Thailand 15.55 2013
125 St. Kitts and Nevis 15.36 2015
126 Israel 15.26 2014
127 Kazakhstan 15.26 2015
128 Madagascar 15.20 2012
129 Macedonia 15.01 2002
130 Vietnam 15.01 2013
131 Azerbaijan 14.63 2011
132 Dominican Republic 14.54 2007
133 Sri Lanka 14.19 2016
134 Niger 13.92 2014
135 Lao PDR 13.81 2014
136 Guatemala 13.79 2015
137 Mozambique 13.69 2013
138 Solomon Islands 13.66 1991
139 Burkina Faso 13.65 2015
140 Swaziland 13.33 2014
141 Kenya 13.07 2015
142 Belize 12.99 2014
143 Armenia 12.69 2015
144 Luxembourg 12.65 2014
145 South Africa 12.19 2014
146 Philippines 11.96 2009
147 Mauritania 11.58 2013
148 Trinidad and Tobago 11.51 1990
149 Congo 10.87 2010
150 Nepal 10.80 2015
151 San Marino 10.76 2011
152 The Gambia 10.73 2013
153 Comoros 10.41 2015
154 Bhutan 10.33 2014
155 Cameroon 10.21 2013
156 Haiti 10.16 1991
157 Tajikistan 9.95 2015
158 Grenada 9.77 2003
159 São Tomé and Principe 9.60 2014
160 Kiribati 9.44 1974
161 Turkmenistan 9.23 2012
162 Liechtenstein 9.09 2007
163 Angola 8.70 2006
164 El Salvador 7.87 2015
165 Qatar 7.61 1978
166 Antigua and Barbuda 7.35 2009
167 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 7.01 2010
168 Mauritius 6.82 2015
169 Cambodia 6.10 2013
170 Vanuatu 5.86 2008
171 Andorra 5.47 2015
172 Guyana 5.06 2012
173 St. Lucia 5.01 2011
174 Kyrgyz Republic 4.64 2014
175 Monaco 4.37 2004
176 Timor-Leste 4.11 2014
177 Guinea-Bissau 3.90 2013
178 Mongolia 3.83 2011
179 Dominica 2.38 1989
180 Somalia 1.47 1973
181 Tuvalu 0.00 1990
181 United Arab Emirates 0.00 1997
181 Bahrain 0.00 2013

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Development Relevance: The share of government expenditure for a specific education level allows an assessment of the priority a government assigns to a level of education relative to other levels. Enrolment and the relative costs per student between different levels of education should be also taken into account.

Limitations and Exceptions: Data disaggregated by level of education are estimates in some instances. It is often difficult to separate lower from upper secondary education expenditure, or pre-primary from primary.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The share of expenditure on tertiary education to total government expenditure on education is calculated by dividing government expenditure on tertiary education by total government expenditure on education (all levels combined), and multiplying by 100. Aggregate data are based on World Bank estimates. Data on education are collected by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics from official responses to its annual education survey. All the data are mapped to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) to ensure the comparability of education programs at the international level. The current version was formally adopted by UNESCO Member States in 2011. The reference years reflect the school year for which the data are presented. In some countries the school year spans two calendar years (for example, from September 2010 to June 2011); in these cases the reference year refers to the year in which the school year ended (2011 in the example).

Aggregation method: Median

Periodicity: Annual