Expenditure on tertiary education (% of government expenditure on education) - Country Ranking - Europe

Definition: Expenditure on tertiary education is expressed as a percentage of total general government expenditure on education. General government usually refers to local, regional and central governments.

Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Greece 36.10 2005
2 Turkey 33.22 2013
3 Austria 32.52 2014
4 Ukraine 31.52 2014
5 Netherlands 30.57 2014
6 Serbia 29.12 2012
7 Lithuania 28.76 2013
8 Finland 27.91 2014
9 Denmark 26.89 2013
10 Germany 26.59 2014
11 Switzerland 26.38 2014
12 Estonia 26.23 2014
13 Norway 25.94 2013
14 Sweden 25.27 2014
15 Poland 24.12 2014
16 Slovak Republic 23.00 2014
17 United Kingdom 22.82 2015
18 France 22.58 2013
19 Spain 22.49 2014
20 Belgium 22.05 2014
21 Albania 21.93 2013
22 Croatia 21.86 2013
23 Romania 21.65 2014
24 Ireland 21.51 2013
25 Czech Republic 21.48 2013
26 Latvia 21.31 2014
27 Slovenia 20.53 2013
28 Italy 19.59 2014
29 Iceland 19.36 2013
30 Malta 19.25 2013
31 Portugal 17.83 2014
32 Cyprus 17.56 2014
33 Moldova 17.19 2014
34 Belarus 16.76 2015
35 Hungary 16.45 2014
36 Bulgaria 15.92 2013
37 Macedonia 15.01 2002
38 Luxembourg 12.65 2014
39 San Marino 10.76 2011
40 Liechtenstein 9.09 2007
41 Andorra 5.47 2015
42 Monaco 4.37 2004

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Development Relevance: The share of government expenditure for a specific education level allows an assessment of the priority a government assigns to a level of education relative to other levels. Enrolment and the relative costs per student between different levels of education should be also taken into account.

Limitations and Exceptions: Data disaggregated by level of education are estimates in some instances. It is often difficult to separate lower from upper secondary education expenditure, or pre-primary from primary.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The share of expenditure on tertiary education to total government expenditure on education is calculated by dividing government expenditure on tertiary education by total government expenditure on education (all levels combined), and multiplying by 100. Aggregate data are based on World Bank estimates. Data on education are collected by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics from official responses to its annual education survey. All the data are mapped to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) to ensure the comparability of education programs at the international level. The current version was formally adopted by UNESCO Member States in 2011. The reference years reflect the school year for which the data are presented. In some countries the school year spans two calendar years (for example, from September 2010 to June 2011); in these cases the reference year refers to the year in which the school year ended (2011 in the example).

Aggregation method: Median

Periodicity: Annual