Bulgaria - Expenditure on tertiary education (% of government expenditure on education)

Expenditure on tertiary education (% of government expenditure on education) in Bulgaria was 15.92 as of 2013. Its highest value over the past 43 years was 21.27 in 2004, while its lowest value was 13.11 in 1970.

Definition: Expenditure on tertiary education is expressed as a percentage of total general government expenditure on education. General government usually refers to local, regional and central governments.

Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.

See also:

Year Value
1970 13.11
1971 16.77
1972 17.57
1973 17.28
1974 15.31
1975 15.13
1976 16.14
1977 19.68
1978 15.98
1979 16.70
1980 16.49
1990 18.79
1991 14.40
1992 15.90
1993 18.13
1994 17.70
1995 18.16
1996 20.17
1998 14.36
2001 15.85
2002 15.19
2003 19.70
2004 21.27
2005 16.86
2006 17.29
2007 16.43
2008 19.40
2009 20.69
2010 14.81
2011 16.98
2012 17.81
2013 15.92

Development Relevance: The share of government expenditure for a specific education level allows an assessment of the priority a government assigns to a level of education relative to other levels. Enrolment and the relative costs per student between different levels of education should be also taken into account.

Limitations and Exceptions: Data disaggregated by level of education are estimates in some instances. It is often difficult to separate lower from upper secondary education expenditure, or pre-primary from primary.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The share of expenditure on tertiary education to total government expenditure on education is calculated by dividing government expenditure on tertiary education by total government expenditure on education (all levels combined), and multiplying by 100. Aggregate data are based on World Bank estimates. Data on education are collected by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics from official responses to its annual education survey. All the data are mapped to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) to ensure the comparability of education programs at the international level. The current version was formally adopted by UNESCO Member States in 2011. The reference years reflect the school year for which the data are presented. In some countries the school year spans two calendar years (for example, from September 2010 to June 2011); in these cases the reference year refers to the year in which the school year ended (2011 in the example).

Aggregation method: Median

Periodicity: Annual


Topic: Education Indicators

Sub-Topic: Inputs