France - Expenditure on tertiary education (% of government expenditure on education)

Expenditure on tertiary education (% of government expenditure on education) in France was 22.58 as of 2013. Its highest value over the past 43 years was 22.79 in 2011, while its lowest value was 13.35 in 1983.

Definition: Expenditure on tertiary education is expressed as a percentage of total general government expenditure on education. General government usually refers to local, regional and central governments.

Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.

See also:

Year Value
1970 18.37
1971 18.25
1972 17.38
1973 16.99
1974 15.01
1975 14.34
1976 14.10
1977 13.88
1978 13.89
1979 13.82
1980 13.44
1981 13.75
1982 13.54
1983 13.35
1984 13.63
1985 14.09
1986 14.33
1987 14.20
1988 14.38
1989 14.85
1990 15.28
1991 15.17
1992 15.85
1993 16.97
1994 16.77
1995 17.65
1996 18.15
1999 17.58
2000 17.61
2001 17.64
2002 17.70
2003 20.26
2004 20.86
2005 21.10
2006 21.41
2007 21.93
2008 22.20
2009 22.74
2010 22.63
2011 22.79
2012 22.34
2013 22.58

Development Relevance: The share of government expenditure for a specific education level allows an assessment of the priority a government assigns to a level of education relative to other levels. Enrolment and the relative costs per student between different levels of education should be also taken into account.

Limitations and Exceptions: Data disaggregated by level of education are estimates in some instances. It is often difficult to separate lower from upper secondary education expenditure, or pre-primary from primary.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The share of expenditure on tertiary education to total government expenditure on education is calculated by dividing government expenditure on tertiary education by total government expenditure on education (all levels combined), and multiplying by 100. Aggregate data are based on World Bank estimates. Data on education are collected by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics from official responses to its annual education survey. All the data are mapped to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) to ensure the comparability of education programs at the international level. The current version was formally adopted by UNESCO Member States in 2011. The reference years reflect the school year for which the data are presented. In some countries the school year spans two calendar years (for example, from September 2010 to June 2011); in these cases the reference year refers to the year in which the school year ended (2011 in the example).

Aggregation method: Median

Periodicity: Annual

Classification

Topic: Education Indicators

Sub-Topic: Inputs