School enrollment, primary, male (% gross) - Country Ranking

Definition: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music.

Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Angola 156.90 2011
2 Madagascar 148.92 2015
3 Gabon 144.03 2011
4 Malawi 143.97 2015
5 Timor-Leste 137.47 2015
6 Benin 134.20 2015
7 Rwanda 131.70 2015
8 Afghanistan 131.62 2015
9 Nepal 130.73 2016
10 Sierra Leone 126.97 2015
11 Togo 125.09 2015
12 Suriname 124.20 2015
13 Nicaragua 123.76 2010
14 Cameroon 123.48 2015
15 Burundi 123.06 2015
16 Vanuatu 120.65 2015
17 Sweden 120.58 2015
18 Papua New Guinea 119.80 2012
19 Algeria 119.53 2015
20 São Tomé and Principe 117.72 2016
21 Morocco 117.70 2015
22 Guinea-Bissau 117.52 2010
23 Swaziland 117.52 2014
24 Dominica 117.17 2015
25 Cambodia 117.07 2015
26 Iraq 116.98 2007
27 Libya 116.83 2006
28 Philippines 116.78 2013
29 Brazil 116.77 2015
30 United Arab Emirates 116.70 2015
31 Andorra 116.58 1983
32 Bangladesh 115.96 2015
33 Belize 115.84 2015
34 Tunisia 115.77 2015
35 Albania 115.52 2015
36 Georgia 115.51 2015
37 Colombia 115.44 2015
38 Solomon Islands 114.98 2015
39 Chad 114.62 2013
40 Lao PDR 113.55 2015
41 Namibia 113.31 2013
42 Haiti 112.97 1998
43 Cabo Verde 112.79 2015
44 Dem. Rep. Congo 112.03 2014
45 El Salvador 111.43 2015
46 Honduras 111.28 2015
47 Mozambique 110.40 2015
48 Argentina 110.21 2014
49 Costa Rica 110.13 2015
50 Uruguay 109.76 2014
51 Nauru 109.54 2014
52 Botswana 109.43 2014
53 Portugal 109.38 2015
54 Vietnam 109.29 2015
55 Kenya 109.26 2015
56 Uganda 108.87 2013
57 Kazakhstan 108.84 2016
58 Tonga 108.63 2014
59 United Kingdom 108.39 2014
60 Brunei 108.11 2015
61 Dominican Republic 108.10 2015
62 Trinidad and Tobago 107.96 2010
63 Kyrgyz Republic 107.91 2015
64 Saudi Arabia 107.91 2015
65 Paraguay 107.64 2012
66 Azerbaijan 107.44 2015
67 Oman 107.44 2015
68 Ecuador 107.39 2016
69 Central African Republic 107.32 2012
70 Ghana 107.30 2016
71 Indonesia 107.25 2015
72 Congo 107.01 2012
73 Lesotho 106.98 2015
74 Ethiopia 106.94 2015
75 The Bahamas 106.89 2010
76 Grenada 106.77 2015
77 Comoros 106.76 2014
78 Samoa 106.73 2015
79 Liechtenstein 106.49 2015
80 Iran 106.26 2015
81 Thailand 106.09 2015
82 Fiji 106.00 2015
83 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 105.80 2015
84 Yemen 105.75 2013
85 France 105.73 2014
86 Uzbekistan 105.58 2016
87 Germany 105.24 2015
88 Netherlands 104.97 2015
89 Spain 104.45 2015
90 Israel 104.44 2015
91 Belgium 104.18 2015
92 Egypt 104.08 2014
93 Switzerland 104.06 2015
94 China 103.97 2015
95 Guatemala 103.76 2015
96 Austria 103.66 2015
97 Mexico 103.62 2014
98 Panama 103.52 2014
99 Zambia 103.32 2013
100 Chile 103.26 2015
101 Lithuania 103.22 2015
102 Tuvalu 103.03 2015
103 St. Lucia 102.88 2007
104 Kiribati 102.85 2015
105 Ukraine 102.83 2014
106 Turkey 102.82 2015
107 India 102.81 2015
108 Sri Lanka 102.73 2015
109 Qatar 102.43 2015
110 Kuwait 102.36 2014
111 Australia 102.32 2015
112 Denmark 102.28 2015
113 Malta 102.20 2015
114 Mauritius 102.16 2015
115 South Africa 102.16 2014
116 Hungary 101.92 2015
117 Mongolia 101.80 2015
118 Malaysia 101.71 2015
119 Peru 101.69 2015
120 Finland 101.65 2015
121 Serbia 101.45 2015
122 Italy 101.42 2015
123 Belarus 101.36 2015
124 Venezuela 101.33 2015
125 Japan 101.26 2014
126 Macao SAR, China 101.05 2015
127 Seychelles 101.05 2015
128 Myanmar 101.01 2014
129 Ireland 100.90 2015
130 Zimbabwe 100.81 2013
131 Bahrain 100.57 2015
132 Norway 100.54 2015
133 Poland 100.50 2014
134 Palau 100.27 2016
135 United States 100.25 2015
136 Slovak Republic 100.22 2015
137 Russia 100.14 2015
138 Latvia 100.13 2015
139 Cuba 100.09 2015
140 Canada 100.05 2013
141 Mauritania 99.98 2015
142 Antigua and Barbuda 99.96 2015
143 Tajikistan 99.80 2016
144 Pakistan 99.68 2015
145 Iceland 99.66 2013
146 New Zealand 99.58 2015
147 Czech Republic 99.57 2015
148 Korea 99.31 2015
149 Cyprus 99.31 2015
150 Slovenia 99.24 2014
151 Côte d'Ivoire 99.19 2015
152 Guinea 98.59 2014
153 Liberia 98.55 2015
154 Bolivia 98.49 2015
155 Armenia 98.45 2015
156 Estonia 98.29 2015
157 Greece 98.11 2014
158 Croatia 97.85 2015
159 Bulgaria 97.74 2015
160 Jordan 97.09 2014
161 Jamaica 97.08 2004
162 Luxembourg 96.94 2014
163 Lebanon 96.59 2015
164 Bhutan 96.56 2016
165 Montenegro 95.22 2015
166 Nigeria 94.48 2013
167 San Marino 93.86 2012
168 Macedonia 93.57 2015
169 Barbados 93.12 2014
170 Moldova 92.87 2015
171 Romania 90.51 2015
172 The Gambia 90.13 2016
173 Turkmenistan 90.08 2014
174 Burkina Faso 89.87 2015
175 Puerto Rico 89.12 2014
176 Guyana 86.94 2012
177 St. Kitts and Nevis 81.67 2015
178 Syrian Arab Republic 81.42 2013
179 Tanzania 80.48 2015
180 Equatorial Guinea 79.99 2015
181 Mali 79.32 2015
182 Niger 77.92 2015
183 Senegal 77.59 2015
184 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 76.73 2015
185 Sudan 74.05 2013
186 Djibouti 68.64 2016
187 Eritrea 53.18 2015
188 Somalia 37.57 2007

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Development Relevance: Gross enrollment ratios indicate the capacity of each level of the education system, but a high ratio may reflect a substantial number of overage children enrolled in each grade because of repetition or late entry rather than a successful education system. The net enrollment rate excludes overage and underage students and more accurately captures the system's coverage and internal efficiency. Differences between the gross enrollment ratio and the net enrollment rate show the incidence of overage and underage enrollments.

Limitations and Exceptions: Enrollment indicators are based on annual school surveys, but do not necessarily reflect actual attendance or dropout rates during the year. Also, the length of education differs across countries and can influence enrollment rates, although the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) tries to minimize the difference. For example, a shorter duration for primary education tends to increase the rate; a longer one to decrease it (in part because older children are more at risk of dropping out). Moreover, age at enrollment may be inaccurately estimated or misstated, especially in communities where registration of births is not strictly enforced.

Other Notes: Each economy is classified based on the classification of World Bank Group's fiscal year 2017 (July 1, 2016-June 30, 2017).

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Gross enrollment ratio for primary school is calculated by dividing the number of students enrolled in primary education regardless of age by the population of the age group which officially corresponds to primary education, and multiplying by 100. Data on education are collected by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics from official responses to its annual education survey. All the data are mapped to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) to ensure the comparability of education programs at the international level. The current version was formally adopted by UNESCO Member States in 2011. Population data are drawn from the United Nations Population Division. Using a single source for population data standardizes definitions, estimations, and interpolation methods, ensuring a consistent methodology across countries and minimizing potential enumeration problems in national censuses. The reference years reflect the school year for which the data are presented. In some countries the school year spans two calendar years (for example, from September 2010 to June 2011); in these cases the reference year refers to the year in which the school year ended (2011 in the example).

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual