School enrollment, primary, male (% gross) - Country Ranking

Definition: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music.

Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (http://uis.unesco.org/)

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Nepal 142.63 2017
2 Gabon 142.15 2011
3 Madagascar 142.02 2018
4 Malawi 141.82 2018
5 Rwanda 133.96 2018
6 Nauru 129.67 2016
7 Togo 126.00 2018
8 Benin 125.85 2018
9 Sweden 125.75 2017
10 Lesotho 124.05 2017
11 United Arab Emirates 123.39 2017
12 Guinea-Bissau 122.93 2010
13 Angola 121.14 2015
14 Nicaragua 121.13 2010
15 Afghanistan 121.10 2017
16 Burundi 120.67 2018
17 Eswatini 119.92 2017
18 Palau 119.62 2014
19 Iraq 117.76 2007
20 Brazil 117.39 2017
21 Timor-Leste 117.33 2018
22 Mozambique 116.79 2018
23 Tonga 116.66 2015
24 Dominica 116.25 2016
25 Colombia 116.22 2018
26 Morocco 116.11 2018
27 Tunisia 115.93 2018
28 Myanmar 115.29 2017
29 Haiti 115.22 1998
30 Central African Republic 114.56 2016
31 Belize 114.55 2018
32 Grenada 114.08 2017
33 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 114.06 2018
34 Papua New Guinea 113.21 2016
35 Costa Rica 112.81 2018
36 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 112.80 2018
37 Algeria 112.36 2018
38 Bangladesh 112.36 2018
39 Dominican Republic 111.49 2017
40 Libya 111.31 2006
41 Zimbabwe 111.08 2013
42 Uruguay 110.85 2016
43 Sierra Leone 110.82 2018
44 Vanuatu 110.69 2015
45 Samoa 110.61 2018
46 St. Kitts and Nevis 110.38 2016
47 Argentina 109.85 2017
48 Vietnam 109.46 2018
49 Philippines 109.41 2017
50 Suriname 108.97 2018
51 Peru 108.81 2018
52 Cameroon 108.71 2018
53 Cambodia 108.69 2018
54 São Tomé and Principe 108.55 2017
55 Andorra 108.43 1983
56 Dem. Rep. Congo 108.37 2015
57 Indonesia 108.13 2018
58 Trinidad and Tobago 108.02 2010
59 Portugal 107.94 2017
60 Kyrgyz Republic 107.91 2018
61 Iran 107.69 2017
62 Fiji 107.60 2016
63 Cabo Verde 107.53 2018
64 Liechtenstein 107.48 2016
65 Solomon Islands 106.41 2018
66 Hong Kong SAR, China 106.39 2018
67 Egypt 106.08 2018
68 Ethiopia 105.76 2015
69 Paraguay 105.67 2012
70 India 105.58 2017
71 Switzerland 105.54 2017
72 Mexico 105.52 2017
73 Antigua and Barbuda 105.43 2018
74 Mongolia 105.26 2018
75 Albania 105.15 2018
76 Uzbekistan 105.00 2018
77 Kazakhstan 104.96 2018
78 Malaysia 104.62 2017
79 Israel 104.44 2017
80 Botswana 104.39 2015
81 Lao PDR 104.29 2018
82 Netherlands 104.24 2017
83 Cuba 104.10 2018
84 Germany 103.89 2017
85 Lithuania 103.89 2017
86 Belgium 103.86 2017
87 Côte d'Ivoire 103.60 2018
88 Italy 103.39 2017
89 Qatar 103.33 2018
90 Austria 103.25 2017
91 Guatemala 103.21 2018
92 Kenya 103.02 2016
93 Ghana 102.96 2018
94 Ecuador 102.93 2017
95 Malta 102.92 2016
96 Chile 102.87 2017
97 Congo 102.82 2012
98 Russia 102.82 2017
99 France 102.79 2017
100 Brunei 102.74 2018
101 Luxembourg 102.56 2017
102 South Africa 102.56 2017
103 United States 102.20 2017
104 St. Lucia 102.05 2018
105 Spain 101.89 2017
106 Pakistan 101.85 2018
107 Denmark 101.59 2017
108 Comoros 101.58 2017
109 Tajikistan 101.42 2017
110 Sri Lanka 101.35 2017
111 Uganda 101.30 2017
112 United Kingdom 101.30 2017
113 Barbados 101.18 2018
114 Hungary 101.09 2017
115 Canada 101.06 2017
116 Ireland 101.00 2017
117 Macao SAR, China 100.73 2018
118 Singapore 100.68 2017
119 Belarus 100.61 2018
120 Guinea 100.52 2016
121 Finland 100.41 2017
122 Czech Republic 100.40 2017
123 San Marino 100.36 2018
124 Iceland 100.35 2017
125 Australia 100.34 2017
126 Norway 100.30 2017
127 Serbia 100.29 2018
128 Slovenia 100.24 2017
129 Bhutan 100.06 2018
130 Poland 99.99 2017
131 Bahrain 99.97 2018
132 Yemen 99.92 2016
133 Mauritius 99.78 2018
134 New Zealand 99.77 2017
135 China 99.70 2018
136 Thailand 99.63 2017
137 Guyana 99.61 2012
138 Greece 99.54 2017
139 Azerbaijan 99.47 2018
140 Lebanon 99.38 1985
141 Cyprus 99.31 2015
142 Latvia 99.27 2017
143 Saudi Arabia 99.21 2018
144 Slovak Republic 99.01 2017
145 Oman 98.64 2018
146 Venezuela 98.25 2017
147 Korea 98.21 2017
148 Chad 98.18 2016
149 Bolivia 98.17 2017
150 Montenegro 98.11 2017
151 Georgia 98.09 2018
152 Ukraine 98.03 2014
153 Croatia 98.00 2016
154 Kiribati 97.88 2017
155 El Salvador 97.76 2017
156 Seychelles 97.59 2018
157 Zambia 97.54 2017
158 Estonia 97.21 2017
159 Mauritania 97.11 2018
160 Burkina Faso 96.88 2018
161 Panama 95.37 2017
162 North Macedonia 93.75 2015
163 The Gambia 93.64 2018
164 Turkey 93.62 2017
165 Jamaica 93.04 2018
166 Tanzania 92.97 2018
167 Armenia 92.73 2018
168 Honduras 91.56 2017
169 Bulgaria 91.55 2016
170 Moldova 90.59 2018
171 Tuvalu 89.39 2018
172 Turkmenistan 89.25 2014
173 Kuwait 88.14 2018
174 Romania 87.44 2016
175 Nigeria 87.17 2016
176 Liberia 85.49 2017
177 Puerto Rico 83.22 2016
178 Syrian Arab Republic 83.06 2013
179 Jordan 82.19 2018
180 The Bahamas 81.19 2016
181 Niger 80.05 2017
182 Mali 79.47 2018
183 Sudan 79.16 2017
184 Senegal 75.92 2018
185 Djibouti 75.44 2019
186 Eritrea 73.53 2017
187 Equatorial Guinea 61.96 2015
188 Somalia 30.06 2007

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Development Relevance: Gross enrollment ratios indicate the capacity of each level of the education system, but a high ratio may reflect a substantial number of overage children enrolled in each grade because of repetition or late entry rather than a successful education system. The net enrollment rate excludes overage and underage students and more accurately captures the system's coverage and internal efficiency. Differences between the gross enrollment ratio and the net enrollment rate show the incidence of overage and underage enrollments.

Limitations and Exceptions: Enrollment indicators are based on annual school surveys, but do not necessarily reflect actual attendance or dropout rates during the year. Also, the length of education differs across countries and can influence enrollment rates, although the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) tries to minimize the difference. For example, a shorter duration for primary education tends to increase the rate; a longer one to decrease it (in part because older children are more at risk of dropping out). Moreover, age at enrollment may be inaccurately estimated or misstated, especially in communities where registration of births is not strictly enforced.

Other Notes: Data retrieved via API in March 2019. For detailed information on the observation level (e.g. National Estimation, UIS Estimation, or Category not applicable), please visit UIS.Stat (http://data.uis.unesco.org/).

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Gross enrollment ratio for primary school is calculated by dividing the number of students enrolled in primary education regardless of age by the population of the age group which officially corresponds to primary education, and multiplying by 100. Data on education are collected by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics from official responses to its annual education survey. All the data are mapped to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) to ensure the comparability of education programs at the international level. The current version was formally adopted by UNESCO Member States in 2011. Population data are drawn from the United Nations Population Division. Using a single source for population data standardizes definitions, estimations, and interpolation methods, ensuring a consistent methodology across countries and minimizing potential enumeration problems in national censuses. The reference years reflect the school year for which the data are presented. In some countries the school year spans two calendar years (for example, from September 2010 to June 2011); in these cases the reference year refers to the year in which the school year ended (2011 in the example).

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual