Eswatini - School enrollment, primary, male (% gross)

The value for School enrollment, primary, male (% gross) in Eswatini was 119.92 as of 2017. As the graph below shows, over the past 47 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 132.07 in 2011 and a minimum value of 83.90 in 1970.

Definition: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music.

Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (

See also:

Year Value
1970 83.90
1971 84.08
1972 87.12
1973 89.75
1974 90.73
1975 90.69
1976 90.25
1977 90.03
1978 89.04
1979 88.98
1980 90.26
1981 92.84
1982 93.04
1983 92.93
1984 92.54
1985 92.47
1986 91.08
1987 91.17
1988 90.69
1989 89.52
1990 91.85
1991 92.66
1992 94.44
1993 96.37
1994 98.62
1995 103.09
1996 103.99
1997 105.37
1998 106.83
1999 108.45
2000 109.38
2001 107.54
2002 107.09
2003 106.22
2004 112.78
2005 116.00
2006 122.76
2007 125.79
2009 126.01
2010 130.96
2011 132.07
2012 129.94
2013 128.17
2014 126.60
2015 124.88
2016 121.76
2017 119.92

Development Relevance: Gross enrollment ratios indicate the capacity of each level of the education system, but a high ratio may reflect a substantial number of overage children enrolled in each grade because of repetition or late entry rather than a successful education system. The net enrollment rate excludes overage and underage students and more accurately captures the system's coverage and internal efficiency. Differences between the gross enrollment ratio and the net enrollment rate show the incidence of overage and underage enrollments.

Limitations and Exceptions: Enrollment indicators are based on annual school surveys, but do not necessarily reflect actual attendance or dropout rates during the year. Also, the length of education differs across countries and can influence enrollment rates, although the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) tries to minimize the difference. For example, a shorter duration for primary education tends to increase the rate; a longer one to decrease it (in part because older children are more at risk of dropping out). Moreover, age at enrollment may be inaccurately estimated or misstated, especially in communities where registration of births is not strictly enforced.

Other Notes: Data retrieved via API in March 2019. For detailed information on the observation level (e.g. National Estimation, UIS Estimation, or Category not applicable), please visit UIS.Stat (

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Gross enrollment ratio for primary school is calculated by dividing the number of students enrolled in primary education regardless of age by the population of the age group which officially corresponds to primary education, and multiplying by 100. Data on education are collected by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics from official responses to its annual education survey. All the data are mapped to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) to ensure the comparability of education programs at the international level. The current version was formally adopted by UNESCO Member States in 2011. Population data are drawn from the United Nations Population Division. Using a single source for population data standardizes definitions, estimations, and interpolation methods, ensuring a consistent methodology across countries and minimizing potential enumeration problems in national censuses. The reference years reflect the school year for which the data are presented. In some countries the school year spans two calendar years (for example, from September 2010 to June 2011); in these cases the reference year refers to the year in which the school year ended (2011 in the example).

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual


Topic: Education Indicators

Sub-Topic: Participation