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Republic of the Sudan
جمهورية السودان
Jumhūriyyat as-Sūdān
FlagEmblem
Motto: النصر لنا (Arabic)
"An-Naṣr lanā"
"Victory is ours"
Anthem: 
Sudan in dark green, disputed regions in light green.
Sudan in dark green, disputed regions in light green.
CapitalKhartoum
15°38′N032°32′E / 15.633°N 32.533°E / 15.633; 32.533
Largest cityOmdurman[1][2]
Official languages
ReligionIslam
DemonymSudanese
GovernmentDominant-partyfederalpresidential republic
 • PresidentOmar al-Bashir
 • Vice PresidentBakri Hassan Saleh
LegislatureNational Legislature
 • Upper houseCouncil of States
 • Lower houseNational Assembly
Formation
 • Nubian kingdoms3500 BC 
 • Sennar dynasty1504[4] 
 • Unified with Egypt1820 
 • Anglo-Egyptian Sudan1899 
 • Independence (from the United Kingdom and Egypt)1 January 1956 
 • Current constitution9 January 2005 
 • Secession of South Sudan15 January 2011 
Area
 • Total1,886,068 km2 (16th)
728,215 sq mi
Population
 • 2015 estimate40,235,000[5] (35th)
 • 2008 census30,894,000 (disputed) [6]
 • Density21.3/km2
55.3/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2014 estimate
 • Total$179.5 billion[7]
 • Per capita$4,834[7]
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
 • Total$84.33 billion[8]
 • Per capita$4,500 [9]
Gini (2009)35.3[10]
medium
HDI (2013)Steady 0.473[11]
low ·166th
CurrencySudanese pound (SDG)
Time zoneEAT(UTC+3)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Drives on theright
Calling code+249
ISO 3166 codeSD
Internet TLD.sd, سودان.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of October 9, 2016


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