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Republic of the Sudan
جمهورية السودان
Jumhūrīyat as-Sūdān
FlagEmblem
Motto: النصر لنا (Arabic)
"An-Naṣr lanā"
"Victory is ours"
Anthem: 
Sudan in dark green, disputed regions in light green.
Sudan in dark green, disputed regions in light green.
CapitalKhartoum
15°38′N032°32′E / 15.633°N 32.533°E / 15.633; 32.533
Largest cityOmdurman[1][2]
Official languages
ReligionIslam
DemonymSudanese
GovernmentDominant-partyfederalpresidential republic
 - PresidentOmar al-Bashir(NCP)
 - Vice PresidentBakri Hassan Saleh
LegislatureNational Legislature
 - Upper houseCouncil of States
 - Lower houseNational Assembly
Formation
 - Nubian kingdoms3500 BC 
 - Sennar dynasty1504[4] 
 - Unified with Egypt1820 
 - Anglo-Egyptian Sudan1899 
 - Independence (from the United Kingdom and Egypt)1 January 1956 
 - Current constitution9 January 2005 
Area
 - Total1,886,068 km2 (16th)
728,215 sq mi
Population
 - 2014 estimate37,289,406[5] (35th)
 - 2008 census30,894,000 (disputed) [6]
 - Density16.4/km2
42.4/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2014 estimate
 - Total$159.5 billion[7]
 - Per capita$4,521[7]
GDP (nominal)2014 estimate
 - Total$70.0 billion[7]
 - Per capita$1,985[7]
Gini (2009)35.3[8]
medium
HDI (2013)Steady 0.473[9]
low ·166th
CurrencySudanese pound (SDG)
Time zoneEAT(UTC+3)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Drives on theright
Calling code+249
ISO 3166 codeSD
Internet TLD.sd, سودان.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of June 30, 2015


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