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Sudan Demographics Profile 2014

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Population35,482,233 (July 2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 40.8% (male 7,356,059/female 7,131,497)
15-24 years: 20.2% (male 3,704,700/female 3,476,847)
25-54 years: 31.8% (male 5,465,816/female 5,800,619)
55-64 years: 3.9% (male 737,831/female 652,428)
65 years and over: 3.3% (male 633,083/female 523,353) (2014 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 79 %
youth dependency ratio: 73.1 %
elderly dependency ratio: 5.9 %
potential support ratio: 17.1 (2014 est.)
Median agetotal: 19.1 years
male: 18.9 years
female: 19.4 years (2014 est.)
Population growth rate1.78% (2014 est.)
Birth rate30.01 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate7.87 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Net migration rate-4.36 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 33.2% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 2.6% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationKHARTOUM (capital) 4.632 million (2011)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.24 male(s)/female
total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 52.86 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 58.29 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 47.15 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 63.32 years
male: 61.27 years
female: 65.46 years (2014 est.)
Total fertility rate3.92 children born/woman (2014 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate9% (2010)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate1.1% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS260,000 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths12,000 (2009 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 66% of population
rural: 50.2% of population
total: 55.5% of population
unimproved:
urban: 34% of population
rural: 49.8% of population
total: 44.5% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 43.9% of population
rural: 13.4% of population
total: 23.6% of population
unimproved:
urban: 56.1% of population
rural: 86.6% of population
total: 76.4% of population (2012 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and Rift Valley fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
animal contact disease: rabies
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2013)
Nationalitynoun: Sudanese (singular and plural)
adjective: Sudanese
Ethnic groupsSudanese Arab (approximately 70%), Fur, Beja, Nuba, Fallata
ReligionsSunni Muslim, small Christian minority
LanguagesArabic (official), English (official), Nubian, Ta Bedawie, Fur
note: program of "Arabization" in process
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 71.9%
male: 80.7%
female: 63.2%
note: pre-secession of South Sudan (2011 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 4 years (2000)
Maternal mortality rate730 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight31.7% (2006)
Health expenditures8.4% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.28 physicians/1,000 population (2008)
Hospital bed density0.7 beds/1,000 population (2009)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate6% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of August 23, 2014