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Sudan Demographics Profile 2013

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Population34,847,910
Age structure0-14 years: 41.4% (male 7,337,924/female 7,104,702)
15-24 years: 20% (male 3,596,729/female 3,376,682)
25-54 years: 31.4% (male 5,316,659/female 5,639,494)
55-64 years: 3.8% (male 711,596/female 620,962)
65 years and over: 3.3% (male 629,312/female 513,850) (2013 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 79.9 %
youth dependency ratio: 74.1 %
elderly dependency ratio: 5.8 %
potential support ratio: 17.1 (2013)
Median agetotal: 18.9 years
male: 18.6 years
female: 19.1 years (2013 est.)
Population growth rate1.83% (2013 est.)
Birth rate30.84 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Death rate8.09 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Net migration rate-4.44 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 33.2% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 2.6% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationKHARTOUM (capital) 5.021 million (2009)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.16 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.24 male(s)/female
total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 54.23 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 59.75 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 48.43 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 62.95 years
male: 60.93 years
female: 65.07 years (2013 est.)
Total fertility rate4.05 children born/woman (2013 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate9% (2010)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate1.1% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS260,000 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths12,000 (2009 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 67% of population
rural: 52% of population
total: 58% of population
unimproved:
urban: 33% of population
rural: 48% of population
total: 42% of population (2010 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 44% of population
rural: 14% of population
total: 26% of population
unimproved:
urban: 56% of population
rural: 86% of population
total: 74% of population (2010 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and Rift Valley fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
animal contact disease: rabies
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2013)
Nationalitynoun: Sudanese (singular and plural)
adjective: Sudanese
Ethnic groupsSudanese Arab (approximately 70%), Fur, Beja, Nuba, Fallata
ReligionsSunni Muslim, small Christian minority
LanguagesArabic (official), English (official), Nubian, Ta Bedawie, Fur
note: program of "Arabization" in process
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 71.9%
male: 80.7%
female: 63.2%
note: pre-secession of South Sudan (2011 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 4 years (2000)
Education expendituresNA
Maternal mortality rate730 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight31.7% (2006)
Health expenditures8.4% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.28 physicians/1,000 population (2008)
Hospital bed density0.7 beds/1,000 population (2009)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate6% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of February 21, 2013