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Republic of Ghana
Motto: "Freedom and Justice"
Location of Ghana
CapitalAccra
5°33′N0°12′W / 5.550°N 0.200°W / 5.550; -0.200
Official languagesEnglish[2][3]
National languages
Ethnic groups(2010[3][4])
DemonymGhanaian
GovernmentUnitarypresidential
constitutional republic
Nana Akufo-Addo
Mahamudu Bawumia
LegislatureParliament
Independence from the United Kingdom
6 March 1957
• Realm
6 March 1957 – 1 July 1960
1 July 1960
28 April 1992
Area
• Total
238,535 km2 (92,099 sq mi) (80th)
• Water (%)
4.61 (11,000 km2 / 4,247 mi2)
Population
• 2014 estimate
27,043,093[5] (45th)
• 2010 census
24,200,000[6]
• Density
101.5/km2 (262.9/sq mi) (103rd)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$131.498 billion[7] (70th)
• Per capita
$4,650[7] (126th)
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$42.753 billion[7] (69th)
• Per capita
$1,511[7] (126th)
Gini (2006)42.8[8]
medium
HDI (2015)Increase 0.579[9]
medium · 139th
CurrencyGhana cedi (GH₵) (GHS)
Time zoneGMT(UTC+0)
Drives on theright
Calling code+233
ISO 3166 codeGH
Internet TLD.gh

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of July 9, 2017


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