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Republic of Ghana
FlagCoat of arms
Motto: "Freedom and Justice"
Anthem: 
Location of  Ghana  (dark green)
Location of  Ghana  (dark green)
Capital
Accra Metropolitan Assembly logo.jpg
Accra
5°33′N0°12′W / 5.550°N 0.200°W / 5.550; -0.200
Official languagesEnglish 67.1%[2][3]
National languages
Ethnic groups (2010[3][4])
DemonymGhanaian
GovernmentUnitarypresidential
constitutional republic
 - PresidentJohn Dramani Mahama
 - Vice-PresidentKwesi Amissah-Arthur
LegislatureParliament
Independence from the United Kingdom
 - Declared6 March 1957 
 - Realm6 March 1957 – 1 July 1960 
 - Republic1 July 1960 
 - Current constitution28 April 1992 
Area
 - Total238,535 km2 (82nd)
92,099 sq mi
 - Water (%)4.61 (11,000 km2 / 4,247 mi2)
Population
 - 2014 estimateIncrease 27,000,000[5] (45th)
 - 2010 census24.2 million[6]
 - Density101.5/km2 (103rd)
258.8/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2014 estimate
 - Total$108.259 billion[7] (70th)
 - Per capita$4,129[7] (126th)
GDP (nominal)2014 estimate
 - Total$38.648 billion[7] (69th)
 - Per capita$1,474[7] (126th)
Gini (2006)42.8[8]
medium
HDI (2013)Steady 0.573[9]
medium ·138th
CurrencyGhana cedi (GH₵) (GHS)
Time zoneGMT(UTC+0)
Drives on theright
Calling code+233
ISO 3166 codeGH
Internet TLD.gh
Map of the Gulf of Guinea showing Ghana and its 2,093 kilometre international borders.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of June 30, 2015


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