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Republic of Ghana
FlagCoat of arms
Motto: "Freedom and Justice"
Anthem: 
Location of  Ghana  (dark green)
Location of  Ghana  (dark green)
CapitalAccra
5°33′N0°12′W / 5.550°N 0.200°W / 5.550; -0.200
Official languagesEnglish[2][3]
National languages
Ethnic groups (2010[3][4])
DemonymGhanaian
Nationality and
Citizenship
Ghanaian Passport
GovernmentUnitarypresidential
constitutional republic
 • PresidentJohn Dramani Mahama
 • Vice-PresidentKwesi Amissah-Arthur
LegislatureParliament
Independence from the United Kingdom
 • Declared6 March 1957 
 • Realm6 March 1957 – 1 July 1960 
 • Republic1 July 1960 
 • Current constitution28 April 1992 
Area
 • Total238,535 km2 (82nd)
92,099 sq mi
 • Water (%)4.61 (11,000 km2 / 4,247 mi2)
Population
 • 2014 estimateIncrease 27,043,093[5] (45th)
 • 2010 census24.2 million[6]
 • Density101.5/km2 (103rd)
258.8/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
 • Total$121.074 billion[7] (70th)
 • Per capita$4,390[7] (126th)
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
 • Total$38.171 billion[7] (69th)
 • Per capita$1,384[7] (126th)
Gini (2006)42.8[8]
medium
HDI (2014)Increase 0.579[9]
medium ·140th
CurrencyGhana cedi (GH₵) (GHS)
Time zoneGMT(UTC+0)
Drives on theright
Calling code+233
ISO 3166 codeGH
Internet TLD.gh

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of October 9, 2016


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