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Ghana Demographics Profile 2014

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Population25,758,108
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 38.6% (male 4,988,823/female 4,943,451)
15-24 years: 18.7% (male 2,403,526/female 2,426,076)
25-54 years: 33.8% (male 4,228,326/female 4,480,090)
55-64 years: 4.8% (male 599,510/female 633,688)
65 years and over: 4.1% (male 489,566/female 565,052) (2014 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 71.6 %
youth dependency ratio: 65.6 %
elderly dependency ratio: 5.9 %
potential support ratio: 16.8 (2014 est.)
Median agetotal: 20.8 years
male: 20.4 years
female: 21.3 years (2014 est.)
Population growth rate2.19% (2014 est.)
Birth rate31.4 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate7.37 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Net migration rate-2.13 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 51.9% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 3.5% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationACCRA (capital) 2.573 million; Kumasi 2.019 million (2011)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.88 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth21.8
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2008 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 38.52 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 42.58 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 34.34 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 65.75 years
male: 63.38 years
female: 68.19 years (2014 est.)
Total fertility rate4.09 children born/woman (2014 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate23.5% (2008)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate1.4% (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS235,800 (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths11,600 (2012 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 92.5% of population
rural: 81.3% of population
total: 87.2% of population
unimproved:
urban: 7.5% of population
rural: 18.7% of population
total: 12.8% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 19.9% of population
rural: 8.4% of population
total: 14.4% of population
unimproved:
urban: 80.1% of population
rural: 91.6% of population
total: 85.6% of population (2012 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and yellow fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
animal contact disease: rabies
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2013)
Nationalitynoun: Ghanaian(s)
adjective: Ghanaian
Ethnic groupsAkan 47.5%, Mole-Dagbon 16.6%, Ewe 13.9%, Ga-Dangme 7.4%, Gurma 5.7%, Guan 3.7%, Grusi 2.5%, Mande-Busanga 1.1%, other 1.6% (2010 census)
ReligionsChristian 71.2% (Pentecostal/Charismatic 28.3%, Protestant 18.4%, Catholic 13.1%, other 11.4%), Muslim 17.6%, traditional 5.2%, other 0.8%, none 5.2% (2010 census)
LanguagesAsante 14.8%, Ewe 12.7%, Fante 9.9%, Boron (Brong) 4.6%, Dagomba 4.3%, Dangme 4.3%, Dagarte (Dagaba) 3.7%, Akyem 3.4%, Ga 3.4%, Akuapem 2.9%, other (includes English (official)) 36.1% (2000 census)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 71.5%
male: 78.3%
female: 65.3% (2010 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 12 years
male: 12 years
female: 11 years (2012)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 1,806,750
percentage: 34 % (2006 est.)
Education expenditures8.1% of GDP (2011)
Maternal mortality rate350 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight14.3% (2008)
Health expenditures4.8% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.09 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
Hospital bed density0.9 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate7.5% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of August 23, 2014