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Ghana Demographics Profile 2016

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Population26,908,262
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 38.2% (male 5,164,505/female 5,113,185)
15-24 years: 18.66% (male 2,498,185/female 2,522,353)
25-54 years: 34.05% (male 4,445,321/female 4,716,311)
55-64 years: 4.91% (male 642,984/female 678,784)
65 years and over: 4.19% (male 520,589/female 606,045) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 73%
youth dependency ratio: 67.2%
elderly dependency ratio: 5.9%
potential support ratio: 17% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 21 years
male: 20.5 years
female: 21.5 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate2.18% (2016 est.)
Birth rate30.8 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate7.1 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate-1.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 54% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 3.4% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationKumasi 2.599 million; ACCRA (capital) 2.277 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.86 male(s)/female
total population: 0.86 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth22.6
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2014 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 36.3 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 40.2 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 32.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 66.6 years
male: 64.1 years
female: 69.1 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate4.03 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate19.5% (2013)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate1.61% (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS274,600 (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths12,600 (2015 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 92.6% of population
rural: 84% of population
total: 88.7% of population
unimproved:
urban: 7.4% of population
rural: 16% of population
total: 11.3% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 20.2% of population
rural: 8.6% of population
total: 14.9% of population
unimproved:
urban: 79.8% of population
rural: 91.4% of population
total: 85.1% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and yellow fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
animal contact disease: rabies (2016)
Nationalitynoun: Ghanaian(s)
adjective: Ghanaian
Ethnic groupsAkan 47.5%, Mole-Dagbon 16.6%, Ewe 13.9%, Ga-Dangme 7.4%, Gurma 5.7%, Guan 3.7%, Grusi 2.5%, Mande 1.1%, other 1.4% (2010 est.)
ReligionsChristian 71.2% (Pentecostal/Charismatic 28.3%, Protestant 18.4%, Catholic 13.1%, other 11.4%), Muslim 17.6%, traditional 5.2%, other 0.8%, none 5.2% (2010 est.)
LanguagesAsante 16%, Ewe 14%, Fante 11.6%, Boron (Brong) 4.9%, Dagomba 4.4%, Dangme 4.2%, Dagarte (Dagaba) 3.9%, Kokomba 3.5%, Akyem 3.2%, Ga 3.1%, other 31.2%
note: English is the official language (2010 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 76.6%
male: 82%
female: 71.4% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 11 years
male: 12 years
female: 11 years (2014)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 1,806,750
percentage: 34% (2006 est.)
Education expenditures6% of GDP (2013)
Maternal mortality rate319 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight11% (2014)
Health expenditures3.6% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density0.1 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
Hospital bed density0.9 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate10.9% (2014)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on October 8, 2016

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