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Ghana Geography Profile 2017

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LocationWestern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Cote d'Ivoire and Togo
Geographic coordinates8 00 N, 2 00 W
Map referencesAfrica
Areatotal: 238,533 sq km
land: 227,533 sq km
water: 11,000 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly smaller than Oregon
Land boundariestotal: 2,420 km
border countries (3): Burkina Faso 602 km, Cote d'Ivoire 720 km, Togo 1,098 km
Coastline539 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm
Climatetropical; warm and comparatively dry along southeast coast; hot and humid in southwest; hot and dry in north
Terrainmostly low plains with dissected plateau in south-central area
Elevation extremesmean elevation: 190 m
elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mount Afadjato 885 m
Natural resourcesgold, timber, industrial diamonds, bauxite, manganese, fish, rubber, hydropower, petroleum, silver, salt, limestone
Land useagricultural land: 69.1%
arable land 20.7%; permanent crops 11.9%; permanent pasture 36.5%
forest: 21.2%
other: 9.7% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land340 sq km (2012)
Natural hazardsdry, dusty, northeastern harmattan winds from January to March; droughts
Environment - current issuesrecurrent drought in north severely affects agricultural activities; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; poaching and habitat destruction threatens wildlife populations; water pollution; inadequate supplies of potable water
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation
Geography - noteLake Volta is the world's largest artificial lake (manmade reservoir) by surface area (8,482 sq km; 3,275 sq mi); the lake was created following the completion of the Akosombo Dam in 1965, which holds back the White Volta and Black Volta Rivers

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on July 9, 2017

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