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Republic of India

Bhārat Gaṇarājya
(see other local names)
Motto: "Satyameva Jayate" (Sanskrit)
"Truth Alone Triumphs"[1]
Anthem: "Jana Gana Mana"[2][3]
"Thou Art the Ruler of the Minds of All People"[4][2]
National song
"Vande Mataram" (Sanskrit)
"I Bow to Thee, Mother"[a][1][2]
Image of a globe centred on India, with India highlighted.
Area controlled by India shown in dark green; regions claimed but not controlled shown in light green
CapitalNew Delhi
28°36′50″N77°12′30″E / 28.61389°N 77.20833°E / 28.61389; 77.20833
Largest city
Official languages
Recognised national languagesNone[8][9][10]
Recognised regional languages
Native languages447 languages[c]
Religion
(2011)
See Religion in India
Demonym(s)Indian
Membership
GovernmentFederalparliamentaryconstitutional republic
Ram Nath Kovind
Venkaiah Naidu
Narendra Modi
Sharad Arvind Bobde
Om Birla
Harivansh Narayan Singh
LegislatureParliament
Rajya Sabha
Lok Sabha
Independence 
15 August 1947
26 January 1950
Area
• Total
3,287,263[2] km2 (1,269,219 sq mi)[d] (7th)
• Water (%)
9.6
Population
• 2018 estimate
Increase1,352,642,280[15][16] (2nd)
• 2011 census
1,210,854,977[17][18] (2nd)
• Density
408.6/km2 (1,058.3/sq mi) (19th)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
Decrease$8.683 trillion[19] (3rd)
• Per capita
Decrease $6,283[19] (118th)
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
Decrease$2.59 trillion[19] (6th)
• Per capita
Decrease $1,876[19] (139th)
Gini (2013)33.9[20]
medium · 79th
HDI (2018)Increase 0.647[21]
medium · 129th
CurrencyIndian rupee (₹) (INR)
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
DST is not observed
Date format
Mains electricity230 V–50 Hz
Driving sideleft[22]
Calling code+91
ISO 3166 codeIN
Internet TLD.in (others)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on November 27, 2020


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