Labor force participation rate, female (% of female population ages 15+) (national estimate) - Country Ranking

Definition: Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15 and older that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database. Data retrieved in November 2017.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Qatar 99.30 2016
2 Zimbabwe 89.40 2014
3 Belarus 85.50 2015
4 Uganda 83.80 2013
5 Rwanda 83.70 2014
6 Madagascar 83.60 2015
7 Mozambique 81.70 2015
8 Cayman Islands 81.00 2015
9 Tanzania 80.10 2014
10 Burundi 79.90 2014
11 Iceland 79.80 2016
12 Nepal 79.70 2014
13 Cambodia 77.50 2014
14 Lao PDR 76.70 2010
15 Togo 75.80 2011
16 St. Kitts and Nevis 74.90 2001
16 Angola 74.90 2011
18 Ghana 73.70 2013
19 Equatorial Guinea 73.50 1994
20 Malawi 72.90 2013
21 Vietnam 72.10 2016
22 Greenland 71.50 2015
23 The Bahamas 69.80 2013
24 Benin 69.70 2011
24 Sweden 69.70 2016
26 Central African Republic 69.00 1988
27 Niger 68.30 2011
28 St. Lucia 67.40 2016
29 Seychelles 67.30 2015
29 Macao SAR, China 67.30 2016
31 Kazakhstan 66.70 2008
32 Antigua and Barbuda 66.20 2001
33 San Marino 66.10 2016
34 Grenada 65.40 2015
35 Chad 64.70 1993
36 New Zealand 64.50 2016
37 China 63.70 2010
38 Russia 63.40 2015
39 Botswana 63.20 2013
40 Barbados 63.10 2016
41 Azerbaijan 62.80 2016
41 Guinea 62.80 2002
41 Switzerland 62.80 2016
44 Solomon Islands 62.20 2009
45 Peru 62.10 2016
45 Norway 62.10 2016
47 Canada 61.30 2016
48 Thailand 61.10 2015
49 Singapore 60.40 2016
50 Dem. Rep. Congo 60.30 2005
51 Kenya 59.50 2005
52 Denmark 59.40 2016
52 Israel 59.40 2016
52 Paraguay 59.40 2016
55 Australia 59.20 2016
56 Zambia 59.10 2010
57 New Caledonia 58.90 2014
58 Netherlands 58.70 2016
59 Jamaica 58.60 2016
60 Brunei 58.40 2014
61 Burkina Faso 58.30 2014
62 Palau 58.10 2005
63 Georgia 58.00 2016
64 Colombia 57.70 2016
65 United Kingdom 57.50 2016
66 Cuba 57.30 2013
66 Lesotho 57.30 2013
68 Kuwait 57.00 2016
69 Ethiopia 56.80 2016
69 United States 56.80 2016
71 Cyprus 56.40 2016
71 Estonia 56.40 2016
71 Uruguay 56.40 2016
74 Sierra Leone 56.30 2014
75 Ukraine 56.20 2015
76 Bhutan 55.90 2015
76 Austria 55.90 2016
78 Mali 55.70 2016
79 Lithuania 55.60 2016
79 Namibia 55.60 2016
79 Ecuador 55.60 2016
79 Germany 55.60 2016
83 Latvia 55.00 2016
83 Finland 55.00 2016
83 Hong Kong SAR, China 55.00 2015
86 Bolivia 54.80 2015
87 Liberia 54.70 2010
88 Malaysia 54.30 2016
89 Luxembourg 53.50 2016
89 Portugal 53.50 2016
91 Liechtenstein 53.30 2016
92 Ireland 53.20 2016
93 Spain 53.00 2016
94 Mongolia 52.90 2016
95 Slovak Republic 52.60 2016
96 Armenia 52.50 2016
97 Kiribati 52.30 2010
98 Tajikistan 52.20 2004
99 Korea 52.10 2016
100 Slovenia 52.00 2016
101 Brazil 51.90 2016
101 Czech Republic 51.90 2016
103 Nigeria 51.80 2013
103 Belize 51.80 2016
105 France 51.60 2016
105 Myanmar 51.60 2015
107 Vanuatu 51.00 2010
107 Panama 51.00 2016
109 Indonesia 50.80 2016
110 Cameroon 50.60 2014
111 The Gambia 50.40 2012
112 Japan 50.30 2016
113 Trinidad and Tobago 50.00 2015
114 Venezuela 49.90 2015
115 Côte d'Ivoire 49.50 2016
116 Nauru 49.30 2011
117 Djibouti 48.70 1996
118 Haiti 48.40 2012
119 Poland 48.30 2016
119 Kyrgyz Republic 48.30 2016
121 Chile 48.20 2016
122 Hungary 48.00 2016
122 Nicaragua 48.00 2014
122 Philippines 48.00 2016
125 Tuvalu 47.90 2005
126 Belgium 47.80 2016
127 Bulgaria 47.70 2016
127 South Africa 47.70 2016
127 Papua New Guinea 47.70 2010
127 Argentina 47.70 2014
131 Montenegro 47.60 2016
131 Suriname 47.60 2015
133 United Arab Emirates 47.50 2016
134 Albania 47.20 2015
134 Dominican Republic 47.20 2016
136 El Salvador 46.50 2016
137 Mauritius 45.50 2016
138 Serbia 45.40 2016
138 Croatia 45.40 2016
140 Honduras 45.20 2016
141 Dominica 45.10 2001
142 Greece 45.00 2016
143 Romania 44.40 2016
144 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 44.30 1991
145 Costa Rica 44.00 2016
146 Bahrain 43.50 2015
147 Mexico 43.40 2016
148 Malta 43.10 2016
149 Congo 43.00 2012
150 Macedonia 42.30 2016
151 Fiji 41.30 2014
152 Cabo Verde 41.10 1990
153 Italy 40.40 2016
154 Guatemala 40.30 2016
155 Moldova 40.10 2016
156 Gabon 39.90 2010
157 Monaco 39.80 2016
158 Uzbekistan 37.60 2007
159 Somalia 37.50 1975
160 Sri Lanka 35.90 2016
161 Tonga 34.20 2003
162 Guyana 34.10 2002
163 Libya 33.80 2012
164 Senegal 33.60 2015
165 Bangladesh 33.20 2016
166 Comoros 32.50 2004
166 Oman 32.50 2016
168 Turkey 32.40 2016
169 Puerto Rico 31.90 2015
169 Swaziland 31.90 1997
171 Bosnia and Herzegovina 30.70 2016
172 São Tomé and Principe 28.80 2006
172 Mauritania 28.80 2012
174 Tunisia 26.10 2015
175 Morocco 25.20 2014
176 Samoa 24.40 2014
177 Pakistan 24.20 2015
178 India 23.40 2012
179 Egypt 23.00 2016
179 Sudan 23.00 2009
181 Lebanon 22.40 2009
182 Saudi Arabia 22.20 2016
183 Timor-Leste 21.30 2013
184 Algeria 17.00 2016
185 Iran 16.30 2016
186 Syrian Arab Republic 14.80 2011
187 Iraq 13.80 2009
188 Jordan 12.60 2014
189 Afghanistan 6.80 1979
190 Yemen 6.00 2014
191 Guinea-Bissau 1.90 1988

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Development Relevance: Estimates of women in the labor force and employment are generally lower than those of men and are not comparable internationally, reflecting that demographic, social, legal, and cultural trends and norms determine whether women's activities are regarded as economic. In many low-income countries women often work on farms or in other family enterprises without pay, and others work in or near their homes, mixing work and family activities during the day. In many high-income economies, women have been increasingly acquiring higher education that has led to better-compensated, longer-term careers rather than lower-skilled, shorter-term jobs. However, access to good- paying occupations for women remains unequal in many occupations and countries around the world. Labor force statistics by gender is important to monitor gender disparities in employment and unemployment patterns.

Limitations and Exceptions: Data on the labor force are compiled by the ILO from labor force surveys, censuses, and establishment censuses and surveys. For some countries a combination of these sources is used. Labor force surveys are the most comprehensive source for internationally comparable labor force data. They can cover all non-institutionalized civilians, all branches and sectors of the economy, and all categories of workers, including people holding multiple jobs. By contrast, labor force data from population censuses are often based on a limited number of questions on the economic characteristics of individuals, with little scope to probe. The resulting data often differ from labor force survey data and vary considerably by country, depending on the census scope and coverage. Establishment censuses and surveys provide data only on the employed population, not unemployed workers, workers in small establishments, or workers in the informal sector. The reference period of a census or survey is another important source of differences: in some countries data refer to people's status on the day of the census or survey or during a specific period before the inquiry date, while in others data are recorded without reference to any period. In countries, where the household is the basic unit of production and all members contribute to output, but some at low intensity or irregularly, the estimated labor force may be much smaller than the numbers actually working. Differing definitions of employment age also affect comparability. For most countries the working age is 15 and older, but in some countries children younger than 15 work full- or part-time and are included in the estimates. Similarly, some countries have an upper age limit. As a result, calculations may systematically over- or underestimate actual rates.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The labor force is the supply of labor available for producing goods and services in an economy. It includes people who are currently employed and people who are unemployed but seeking work as well as first-time job-seekers. Not everyone who works is included, however. Unpaid workers, family workers, and students are often omitted, and some countries do not count members of the armed forces. Labor force size tends to vary during the year as seasonal workers enter and leave.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: The series for ILO estimates is also available in the WDI database. Caution should be used when comparing ILO estimates with national estimates.