Labor force participation rate, female (% of female population ages 15+) (national estimate) - Country Ranking

Definition: Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15 and older that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database. Data retrieved in December 2019.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Zimbabwe 89.41 2014
2 Solomon Islands 83.90 2013
3 Madagascar 83.59 2015
4 Cayman Islands 80.98 2015
5 Tanzania 80.13 2014
6 Burundi 79.83 2014
7 Mozambique 78.14 2015
8 Iceland 77.92 2018
9 Cambodia 75.91 2016
10 Ethiopia 74.30 2013
11 Equatorial Guinea 73.50 1994
12 Liberia 72.16 2016
13 Greenland 71.49 2015
14 Kenya 71.46 2016
15 Vietnam 71.24 2018
16 Sweden 70.78 2018
17 Uzbekistan 69.90 2017
18 The Bahamas 69.80 2013
19 Benin 69.70 2011
20 Central African Republic 69.05 1988
21 St. Lucia 67.40 2016
22 Cameroon 67.19 2014
23 Kazakhstan 66.68 2008
24 Seychelles 66.36 2018
25 Macao SAR, China 66.30 2017
26 Antigua and Barbuda 66.24 2001
27 Belarus 66.20 2018
28 San Marino 66.08 2016
29 New Zealand 65.69 2018
30 Grenada 65.40 2015
31 Chad 64.73 1993
32 St. Kitts and Nevis 64.42 2001
33 Bolivia 63.80 2018
34 China 63.73 2010
35 Botswana 63.22 2013
36 Azerbaijan 63.10 2018
37 Barbados 63.06 2016
38 Niger 62.97 2014
39 Switzerland 62.91 2018
40 Guinea 62.81 2002
41 Dem. Rep. Congo 62.53 2012
42 Peru 62.23 2018
43 Norway 61.76 2018
44 Timor-Leste 61.37 2016
45 Canada 61.30 2018
46 Togo 61.24 2015
47 Australia 60.49 2018
48 Singapore 60.20 2018
49 Vanuatu 60.20 2009
50 Israel 59.79 2018
51 Thailand 59.65 2018
52 Paraguay 59.46 2018
53 Netherlands 59.10 2018
54 New Caledonia 58.91 2014
55 Denmark 58.43 2018
56 Burkina Faso 58.22 2014
57 United Kingdom 58.03 2018
58 Jamaica 57.95 2018
59 Qatar 57.88 2018
60 Estonia 57.39 2018
61 Cyprus 57.37 2018
62 Cuba 57.30 2013
63 Lesotho 57.28 2013
64 United States 57.08 2018
65 Colombia 57.01 2018
66 Ukraine 56.75 2018
67 Lithuania 56.53 2018
68 Brunei 56.49 2017
69 Sierra Leone 56.34 2014
70 Nauru 56.15 2013
71 Ireland 56.04 2018
72 Uruguay 55.96 2018
73 Germany 55.95 2018
74 Bhutan 55.94 2015
75 Austria 55.91 2018
76 Finland 55.89 2018
77 Russia 55.86 2018
78 Latvia 55.81 2018
79 Luxembourg 55.80 2018
80 Georgia 55.58 2018
81 Palau 55.56 2014
82 Namibia 55.42 2018
83 Ghana 55.30 2017
84 Mali 55.13 2018
85 Hong Kong SAR, China 54.80 2016
86 Malaysia 54.73 2017
87 Ecuador 54.63 2018
88 Portugal 54.48 2018
89 Haiti 53.87 2012
90 Slovenia 53.75 2018
91 Korea 53.27 2018
92 Indonesia 53.20 2018
93 Liechtenstein 53.10 2017
94 Brazil 52.95 2018
95 Czech Republic 52.78 2018
96 Armenia 52.76 2017
97 United Arab Emirates 52.74 2018
98 Japan 52.50 2018
99 Spain 52.42 2018
100 Slovak Republic 52.28 2018
101 Mongolia 52.15 2018
102 France 51.63 2018
103 Panama 51.38 2018
104 Venezuela 50.99 2013
105 Honduras 50.74 2018
106 The Gambia 50.45 2012
107 Malawi 50.39 2017
108 Kuwait 49.89 2016
109 Albania 49.76 2017
110 Trinidad and Tobago 49.60 2016
111 Malta 49.59 2018
112 Argentina 49.52 2018
113 Belgium 49.52 2018
114 Chile 49.25 2018
115 Bulgaria 49.22 2018
116 Dominican Republic 49.21 2017
117 Belize 48.81 2017
118 Cabo Verde 48.72 2018
119 Djibouti 48.70 1996
120 Hungary 48.69 2018
121 Nigeria 48.58 2016
122 Myanmar 48.47 2018
123 Poland 48.46 2018
124 South Africa 48.43 2018
125 Montenegro 48.08 2018
126 Nicaragua 48.05 2014
127 Papua New Guinea 47.68 2010
128 Suriname 47.65 2015
129 Eswatini 47.13 2016
130 Serbia 46.69 2018
131 Costa Rica 46.37 2018
132 Côte d'Ivoire 46.17 2017
133 Romania 45.63 2018
134 Croatia 45.51 2018
135 El Salvador 45.49 2018
136 Angola 45.43 2014
137 Philippines 45.39 2018
138 Mauritius 45.19 2018
139 Dominica 45.06 2001
140 Uganda 44.95 2017
141 Kyrgyz Republic 44.81 2018
142 Greece 44.32 2018
143 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 44.27 1991
144 Rwanda 44.19 2018
145 Guyana 43.59 2017
146 Bahrain 43.54 2015
147 Mexico 43.46 2018
148 North Macedonia 43.04 2018
149 Congo 43.00 2012
150 Italy 41.10 2018
151 Moldova 41.01 2018
152 Gabon 39.91 2010
153 Monaco 39.80 2016
154 Guatemala 39.20 2017
155 Fiji 38.55 2016
156 Tuvalu 38.34 2016
157 Lao PDR 36.54 2017
158 Bangladesh 36.35 2017
159 Sri Lanka 35.77 2016
160 Oman 35.60 2018
161 Senegal 34.50 2015
162 Tonga 34.20 2003
163 Turkey 34.13 2018
164 Libya 33.76 2012
165 Kiribati 33.57 2015
166 Comoros 33.04 2014
167 Bosnia and Herzegovina 32.78 2019
168 Tajikistan 32.64 2016
169 Puerto Rico 31.93 2015
170 Samoa 31.48 2017
171 São Tomé and Principe 28.76 2006
172 Sudan 28.33 2011
173 Mauritania 28.03 2012
174 Zambia 27.81 2017
175 Nepal 26.32 2017
176 Tunisia 26.03 2015
177 Morocco 23.72 2016
178 Lebanon 22.35 2009
179 Egypt 21.98 2017
180 Saudi Arabia 21.92 2018
181 Pakistan 21.86 2018
182 Afghanistan 21.17 2017
183 India 20.83 2018
184 Iran 17.55 2018
185 Syrian Arab Republic 14.80 2011
186 Algeria 13.46 2017
187 Jordan 12.60 2014
188 Iraq 11.18 2017
189 Yemen 6.04 2014
190 Guinea-Bissau 1.93 1988

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Development Relevance: Estimates of women in the labor force and employment are generally lower than those of men and are not comparable internationally, reflecting that demographic, social, legal, and cultural trends and norms determine whether women's activities are regarded as economic. In many low-income countries women often work on farms or in other family enterprises without pay, and others work in or near their homes, mixing work and family activities during the day. In many high-income economies, women have been increasingly acquiring higher education that has led to better-compensated, longer-term careers rather than lower-skilled, shorter-term jobs. However, access to good- paying occupations for women remains unequal in many occupations and countries around the world. Labor force statistics by gender is important to monitor gender disparities in employment and unemployment patterns.

Limitations and Exceptions: Data on the labor force are compiled by the ILO from labor force surveys, censuses, and establishment censuses and surveys. For some countries a combination of these sources is used. Labor force surveys are the most comprehensive source for internationally comparable labor force data. They can cover all non-institutionalized civilians, all branches and sectors of the economy, and all categories of workers, including people holding multiple jobs. By contrast, labor force data from population censuses are often based on a limited number of questions on the economic characteristics of individuals, with little scope to probe. The resulting data often differ from labor force survey data and vary considerably by country, depending on the census scope and coverage. Establishment censuses and surveys provide data only on the employed population, not unemployed workers, workers in small establishments, or workers in the informal sector. The reference period of a census or survey is another important source of differences: in some countries data refer to people's status on the day of the census or survey or during a specific period before the inquiry date, while in others data are recorded without reference to any period. In countries, where the household is the basic unit of production and all members contribute to output, but some at low intensity or irregularly, the estimated labor force may be much smaller than the numbers actually working. Differing definitions of employment age also affect comparability. For most countries the working age is 15 and older, but in some countries children younger than 15 work full- or part-time and are included in the estimates. Similarly, some countries have an upper age limit. As a result, calculations may systematically over- or underestimate actual rates.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The labor force is the supply of labor available for producing goods and services in an economy. It includes people who are currently employed and people who are unemployed but seeking work as well as first-time job-seekers. Not everyone who works is included, however. Unpaid workers, family workers, and students are often omitted, and some countries do not count members of the armed forces. Labor force size tends to vary during the year as seasonal workers enter and leave.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: The series for ILO estimates is also available in the WDI database. Caution should be used when comparing ILO estimates with national estimates.