Labor force participation rate, female (% of female population ages 15+) (national estimate) - Country Ranking - Asia

Definition: Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15 and older that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database. Data retrieved in November 2017.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Qatar 99.30 2016
2 Nepal 79.70 2014
3 Cambodia 77.50 2014
4 Lao PDR 76.70 2010
5 Vietnam 72.10 2016
6 Macao SAR, China 67.30 2016
7 Kazakhstan 66.70 2008
8 China 63.70 2010
9 Russia 63.40 2015
10 Azerbaijan 62.80 2016
11 Thailand 61.10 2015
12 Singapore 60.40 2016
13 Israel 59.40 2016
14 Brunei 58.40 2014
15 Georgia 58.00 2016
16 Kuwait 57.00 2016
17 Bhutan 55.90 2015
18 Hong Kong SAR, China 55.00 2015
19 Malaysia 54.30 2016
20 Mongolia 52.90 2016
21 Armenia 52.50 2016
22 Tajikistan 52.20 2004
23 Korea 52.10 2016
24 Myanmar 51.60 2015
25 Indonesia 50.80 2016
26 Japan 50.30 2016
27 Kyrgyz Republic 48.30 2016
28 Philippines 48.00 2016
29 United Arab Emirates 47.50 2016
30 Bahrain 43.50 2015
31 Uzbekistan 37.60 2007
32 Sri Lanka 35.90 2016
33 Bangladesh 33.20 2016
34 Oman 32.50 2016
35 Turkey 32.40 2016
36 Pakistan 24.20 2015
37 India 23.40 2012
38 Lebanon 22.40 2009
39 Saudi Arabia 22.20 2016
40 Timor-Leste 21.30 2013
41 Iran 16.30 2016
42 Syrian Arab Republic 14.80 2011
43 Iraq 13.80 2009
44 Jordan 12.60 2014
45 Afghanistan 6.80 1979
46 Yemen 6.00 2014

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Development Relevance: Estimates of women in the labor force and employment are generally lower than those of men and are not comparable internationally, reflecting that demographic, social, legal, and cultural trends and norms determine whether women's activities are regarded as economic. In many low-income countries women often work on farms or in other family enterprises without pay, and others work in or near their homes, mixing work and family activities during the day. In many high-income economies, women have been increasingly acquiring higher education that has led to better-compensated, longer-term careers rather than lower-skilled, shorter-term jobs. However, access to good- paying occupations for women remains unequal in many occupations and countries around the world. Labor force statistics by gender is important to monitor gender disparities in employment and unemployment patterns.

Limitations and Exceptions: Data on the labor force are compiled by the ILO from labor force surveys, censuses, and establishment censuses and surveys. For some countries a combination of these sources is used. Labor force surveys are the most comprehensive source for internationally comparable labor force data. They can cover all non-institutionalized civilians, all branches and sectors of the economy, and all categories of workers, including people holding multiple jobs. By contrast, labor force data from population censuses are often based on a limited number of questions on the economic characteristics of individuals, with little scope to probe. The resulting data often differ from labor force survey data and vary considerably by country, depending on the census scope and coverage. Establishment censuses and surveys provide data only on the employed population, not unemployed workers, workers in small establishments, or workers in the informal sector. The reference period of a census or survey is another important source of differences: in some countries data refer to people's status on the day of the census or survey or during a specific period before the inquiry date, while in others data are recorded without reference to any period. In countries, where the household is the basic unit of production and all members contribute to output, but some at low intensity or irregularly, the estimated labor force may be much smaller than the numbers actually working. Differing definitions of employment age also affect comparability. For most countries the working age is 15 and older, but in some countries children younger than 15 work full- or part-time and are included in the estimates. Similarly, some countries have an upper age limit. As a result, calculations may systematically over- or underestimate actual rates.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The labor force is the supply of labor available for producing goods and services in an economy. It includes people who are currently employed and people who are unemployed but seeking work as well as first-time job-seekers. Not everyone who works is included, however. Unpaid workers, family workers, and students are often omitted, and some countries do not count members of the armed forces. Labor force size tends to vary during the year as seasonal workers enter and leave.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: The series for ILO estimates is also available in the WDI database. Caution should be used when comparing ILO estimates with national estimates.