Prevalence of anemia among children (% of children under 5) - Country Ranking

Definition: Prevalence of anemia, children under age 5, is the percentage of children under age 5 whose hemoglobin level is less than 110 grams per liter at sea level.

Source: World Health Organization, Global Health Observatory Data Repository/World Health Statistics (http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.1?lang=en).

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Burkina Faso 86.20 2016
2 Yemen 83.50 2016
3 Mali 83.40 2016
4 Niger 77.30 2016
4 Sierra Leone 77.30 2016
6 The Gambia 75.70 2016
7 Guinea 74.40 2016
8 Côte d'Ivoire 73.40 2016
9 Chad 73.30 2016
10 Central African Republic 71.90 2016
11 Togo 71.00 2016
12 Liberia 68.60 2016
13 Nigeria 68.30 2016
14 Guinea-Bissau 68.10 2016
15 Senegal 67.90 2016
15 Mauritania 67.90 2016
17 Ghana 66.90 2016
18 São Tomé and Principe 65.30 2016
19 Congo 64.30 2016
20 Equatorial Guinea 64.00 2016
21 Dem. Rep. Congo 63.20 2016
22 Cameroon 62.50 2016
22 Gabon 62.50 2016
24 Benin 62.10 2016
25 Timor-Leste 61.40 2016
26 Mozambique 60.20 2016
27 Malawi 59.20 2016
28 Pakistan 58.80 2016
29 Haiti 58.20 2016
30 India 57.30 2016
31 Sudan 57.20 2016
32 Eritrea 56.60 2016
33 Somalia 55.80 2016
34 Tanzania 55.20 2016
35 Cabo Verde 55.10 2016
36 Cambodia 54.40 2016
37 Zambia 54.20 2016
38 Myanmar 52.90 2016
39 Uganda 51.10 2016
40 Angola 50.90 2016
41 Lesotho 50.40 2016
42 Ethiopia 50.00 2016
43 Madagascar 48.80 2016
44 Papua New Guinea 48.40 2016
45 Comoros 48.10 2016
46 Burundi 47.30 2016
47 Namibia 47.10 2016
48 Bolivia 46.90 2016
49 Afghanistan 46.40 2016
50 Lao PDR 43.80 2016
51 Bhutan 43.50 2016
52 Samoa 43.00 2016
53 Solomon Islands 42.90 2016
54 Nepal 42.70 2016
55 Eswatini 42.00 2016
55 Djibouti 42.00 2016
57 Zimbabwe 41.70 2016
58 Kenya 41.10 2016
59 Botswana 40.40 2016
60 Bangladesh 40.30 2016
61 Kiribati 39.10 2016
61 Mauritius 39.10 2016
63 Oman 38.40 2016
64 Kyrgyz Republic 38.30 2016
65 Tonga 37.90 2016
65 Guyana 37.90 2016
67 Saudi Arabia 37.80 2016
68 Fiji 37.50 2016
69 Indonesia 36.80 2016
69 South Africa 36.80 2016
71 Uzbekistan 36.60 2016
72 Guatemala 36.50 2016
73 Rwanda 36.20 2016
74 St. Lucia 35.30 2016
75 Seychelles 35.00 2016
76 Syrian Arab Republic 34.90 2016
77 Suriname 34.30 2016
78 Morocco 34.00 2016
78 Grenada 34.00 2016
80 Vietnam 33.90 2016
81 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 32.90 2016
82 Dominica 32.50 2016
83 Antigua and Barbuda 32.30 2016
84 Trinidad and Tobago 32.10 2016
85 Peru 31.90 2016
85 Barbados 31.90 2016
87 Egypt 31.70 2016
88 Armenia 31.50 2016
89 Honduras 31.40 2016
90 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 31.30 2016
90 Tajikistan 31.30 2016
92 Jordan 31.10 2016
93 Malaysia 30.80 2016
94 El Salvador 30.60 2016
95 Mongolia 30.30 2016
96 Bahrain 30.10 2016
97 Venezuela 30.00 2016
97 Algeria 30.00 2016
99 The Bahamas 29.50 2016
100 Cuba 29.30 2016
100 Kazakhstan 29.30 2016
102 Nicaragua 29.20 2016
103 Libya 28.80 2016
103 Tunisia 28.80 2016
105 Costa Rica 28.70 2016
105 Panama 28.70 2016
107 Puerto Rico 28.40 2016
108 Thailand 28.30 2016
108 Vanuatu 28.30 2016
110 Iran 28.20 2016
110 Mexico 28.20 2016
112 Turkmenistan 28.10 2016
113 Dominican Republic 28.00 2016
113 Bosnia and Herzegovina 28.00 2016
113 Turkey 28.00 2016
116 Ecuador 27.70 2016
116 Jamaica 27.70 2016
118 United Arab Emirates 27.20 2016
119 Croatia 27.10 2016
120 Bulgaria 26.90 2016
120 Slovenia 26.90 2016
120 Montenegro 26.90 2016
123 Romania 26.80 2016
124 Colombia 26.60 2016
124 Hungary 26.60 2016
126 Serbia 26.40 2016
127 Moldova 26.30 2016
127 Poland 26.30 2016
127 Qatar 26.30 2016
130 Latvia 26.10 2016
130 Slovak Republic 26.10 2016
132 Ukraine 26.00 2016
132 Estonia 26.00 2016
134 Czech Republic 25.80 2016
135 Paraguay 25.70 2016
135 Russia 25.70 2016
137 Sri Lanka 25.60 2016
138 Lithuania 25.50 2016
139 Belarus 25.40 2016
140 Kuwait 25.30 2016
141 Brazil 25.10 2016
141 North Macedonia 25.10 2016
143 Lebanon 25.00 2016
144 Albania 24.90 2016
145 Iraq 24.10 2016
146 Azerbaijan 23.90 2016
147 Georgia 23.60 2016
148 Uruguay 23.10 2016
149 Belize 22.50 2016
150 Argentina 22.20 2016
151 China 21.40 2016
152 Chile 20.00 2016
153 Cyprus 17.50 2016
153 Philippines 17.50 2016
155 Singapore 16.90 2016
156 Brunei 16.10 2016
157 Greece 13.90 2016
157 Australia 13.90 2016
159 Portugal 13.50 2016
160 Israel 13.40 2016
161 Italy 13.30 2016
161 Malta 13.30 2016
163 Japan 13.20 2016
164 Spain 13.10 2016
165 New Zealand 13.00 2016
166 Switzerland 12.90 2016
166 France 12.90 2016
168 Andorra 12.80 2016
169 Denmark 12.70 2016
170 Austria 12.60 2016
170 Luxembourg 12.60 2016
170 Belgium 12.60 2016
170 Finland 12.60 2016
174 Netherlands 12.50 2016
174 Ireland 12.50 2016
176 Iceland 12.40 2016
176 Germany 12.40 2016
178 Sweden 12.30 2016
178 Korea 12.30 2016
180 Norway 12.10 2016
181 United Kingdom 11.80 2016
182 Canada 9.40 2016
183 United States 8.50 2016

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Limitations and Exceptions: Data for blood haemoglobin concentrations are still limited, compared to other nutritional indicators such as hild anthropometry. As a result, the estimates may not capture the full variation across countries and regions.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Data on anemia are compiled by the WHO, and a statistical model was used to estimate trends. WHO’s hemoglobin threshold concentration in blood was used.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: Anemia is defined as a low blood haemoglobin concentration. Anaemia may result from a number of causes, with the most significant contributor being iron deficiency. Anaemia resulting from iron deficiency adversely affects cognitive and motor development a