Repeaters, primary, total (% of total enrollment) - Country Ranking

Definition: Repeaters in primary school are the number of students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all students enrolled in primary school.

Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Gabon 34.41 2003
2 Chad 24.31 2013
3 Congo 22.79 2012
4 Central African Republic 22.73 2012
5 Burundi 22.60 2015
6 Madagascar 20.97 2015
7 Malawi 19.53 2014
8 Mali 19.46 2015
9 Rwanda 18.79 2015
10 Equatorial Guinea 18.52 2015
11 Comoros 17.50 2014
12 Haiti 16.91 1997
13 Swaziland 16.89 2013
14 Iraq 16.83 2007
15 Suriname 16.59 2015
16 Vanuatu 15.56 2013
17 Côte d'Ivoire 15.21 2015
18 Timor-Leste 14.92 2015
19 Namibia 14.88 2013
20 Portugal 14.31 1991
21 Guinea-Bissau 14.07 2010
22 São Tomé and Principe 13.66 2016
23 Guinea 13.64 2014
24 Sierra Leone 13.37 2015
25 Cameroon 12.17 2015
26 Dem. Rep. Congo 10.81 2013
27 Benin 10.73 2015
28 Angola 10.30 2011
29 Guatemala 9.76 2015
30 Libya 9.58 1983
31 Solomon Islands 9.40 2015
32 Togo 9.35 2015
33 Morocco 9.33 2015
34 Afghanistan 9.00 1993
35 Nepal 8.79 2016
36 Brazil 8.75 2011
37 Yemen 8.42 2013
38 Lesotho 8.40 2015
39 Djibouti 8.29 2016
40 Cabo Verde 8.27 2015
41 South Africa 7.96 2004
42 Nicaragua 7.94 2010
43 Lebanon 7.65 2015
44 Syrian Arab Republic 7.35 2013
45 Belize 7.29 2015
46 Uganda 7.18 2015
47 Ethiopia 6.88 2015
48 Palau 6.83 2016
49 Tunisia 6.82 2014
50 Trinidad and Tobago 6.33 2010
51 Algeria 6.23 2015
52 Mozambique 6.17 2015
53 Eritrea 6.04 2015
54 Bhutan 6.01 2016
55 Lao PDR 5.97 2015
56 El Salvador 5.63 2015
57 Burkina Faso 5.59 2015
58 Zambia 5.53 2013
59 Liberia 5.36 2015
60 Bangladesh 5.33 2015
61 The Gambia 5.19 2016
62 Cambodia 5.18 2015
63 Dominican Republic 4.78 2015
64 Uruguay 4.63 2014
65 Paraguay 4.56 2012
66 Botswana 4.39 2013
67 France 4.17 2000
68 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.98 2015
69 New Zealand 3.79 1992
70 Chile 3.61 2015
71 Luxembourg 3.60 2014
72 Niger 3.55 2015
73 The Bahamas 3.52 2010
74 Tanzania 3.50 2013
75 Kenya 3.42 2015
76 Sudan 3.29 2013
77 Jamaica 3.26 2015
78 Liechtenstein 3.20 2015
79 Egypt 3.20 2013
80 Peru 3.16 2015
81 Slovak Republic 3.13 2015
82 Mauritania 3.12 2015
83 Costa Rica 3.11 2015
84 Grenada 3.08 2014
85 Antigua and Barbuda 3.08 2015
86 Tonga 3.05 2013
87 Venezuela 3.00 2015
88 Dominica 2.84 2015
89 Austria 2.75 2015
90 Monaco 2.74 2014
91 Senegal 2.73 2015
92 Panama 2.57 2014
93 Belgium 2.49 2015
94 Macao SAR, China 2.36 2015
95 Colombia 2.32 2015
96 Spain 2.19 2015
97 St. Lucia 2.18 2014
98 Netherlands 2.18 1985
99 Argentina 2.12 2014
100 Bolivia 2.00 2015
101 St. Kitts and Nevis 1.98 2015
102 Ghana 1.97 2015
103 Thailand 1.96 2015
104 Oman 1.94 2015
105 Kiribati 1.93 2014
106 Zimbabwe 1.89 2013
107 Turkey 1.77 2015
108 Hungary 1.68 2015
109 Pakistan 1.64 2015
110 Indonesia 1.64 2015
111 Qatar 1.51 2015
112 Philippines 1.36 2013
113 Iran 1.35 2015
114 Samoa 1.35 2015
115 India 1.31 2014
116 Andorra 1.27 2015
117 Saudi Arabia 1.07 2015
118 Switzerland 1.07 2015
119 Israel 1.02 2015
120 Denmark 0.99 2015
121 Vietnam 0.95 2015
122 Mauritius 0.94 2015
123 Sri Lanka 0.93 2015
124 Romania 0.85 2015
125 Albania 0.84 2015
126 Poland 0.84 2014
127 Ecuador 0.83 2016
128 Mexico 0.82 2014
129 Honduras 0.78 2015
130 Slovenia 0.78 2014
131 Latvia 0.73 2015
132 Greece 0.71 2014
133 Bahrain 0.65 2015
134 Serbia 0.65 2015
135 Cuba 0.64 2015
136 Kuwait 0.58 2013
137 Czech Republic 0.55 2015
138 Guyana 0.54 2010
139 Estonia 0.51 2015
140 Hong Kong SAR, China 0.50 2015
141 Jordan 0.48 2014
142 Ireland 0.42 2015
143 Lithuania 0.42 2015
144 Germany 0.42 2015
145 Singapore 0.39 2009
146 Fiji 0.37 2015
147 Armenia 0.37 2015
148 Italy 0.36 2015
149 Montenegro 0.31 2015
150 Russia 0.30 2015
151 Finland 0.29 2015
152 Malta 0.28 2015
153 Georgia 0.26 2015
154 Myanmar 0.20 2014
155 United Arab Emirates 0.17 2015
156 Croatia 0.17 2015
157 Brunei 0.16 2015
158 Azerbaijan 0.14 2015
159 Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.14 2015
160 Cayman Islands 0.13 2013
161 Bulgaria 0.11 2015
162 Cyprus 0.11 2015
163 Mongolia 0.07 2015
164 Tuvalu 0.07 2015
165 Nauru 0.06 2014
166 Ukraine 0.05 2015
167 Kazakhstan 0.04 2016
168 Tajikistan 0.04 2016
169 Kyrgyz Republic 0.04 2015
170 Belarus 0.03 2015
171 China 0.02 2015
172 San Marino 0.00 2012
172 Japan 0.00 2012
172 Moldova 0.00 2015
172 Seychelles 0.00 1994
172 United Kingdom 0.00 2012
172 Canada 0.00 2011
172 Macedonia 0.00 2015
172 Malaysia 0.00 2010
172 Korea 0.00 2015
172 Somalia 0.00 1975
172 Norway 0.00 1993
172 Papua New Guinea 0.00 2012
172 Sweden 0.00 2015
172 Uzbekistan 0.00 2016
172 Iceland 0.00 2012

More rankings: Africa | Asia | Central America & the Caribbean | Europe | Middle East | North America | Oceania | South America | World |

Development Relevance: Data on repeaters are often used to indicate an education system's internal efficiency. Repeaters not only increase the cost of education for the family and the school system, but also use limited school resources.

Limitations and Exceptions: Country policies on repetition and promotion differ. In some cases the number of repeaters is controlled because of limited capacity. In other cases the number of repeaters is almost 0 because of automatic promotion – suggesting a system that is highly efficient but that may not be endowing students with enough cognitive skills.

Other Notes: Each economy is classified based on the classification of World Bank Group's fiscal year 2017 (July 1, 2016-June 30, 2017).

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Share of repeaters in primary school is calculated by dividing the sum of repeaters in all grades of primary school by the total number of students enrolled in primary school, and multiplying by 100. Data on education are collected by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics from official responses to its annual education survey. All the data are mapped to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) to ensure the comparability of education programs at the international level. The current version was formally adopted by UNESCO Member States in 2011. The reference years reflect the school year for which the data are presented. In some countries the school year spans two calendar years (for example, from September 2010 to June 2011); in these cases the reference year refers to the year in which the school year ended (2011 in the example).

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual