Pupil-teacher ratio, primary - Country Ranking

Definition: Primary school pupil-teacher ratio is the average number of pupils per teacher in primary school.

Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (http://uis.unesco.org/)

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Central African Republic 83.41 2016
2 Rwanda 59.51 2018
3 Malawi 58.68 2018
4 Chad 56.89 2016
5 Mozambique 55.27 2018
6 Ethiopia 55.07 2011
7 Guinea-Bissau 51.93 2010
8 Tanzania 50.63 2018
9 Angola 50.03 2015
10 Guinea 47.15 2016
11 Cameroon 44.83 2018
12 Congo 44.44 2012
13 Pakistan 44.28 2018
14 Afghanistan 44.01 2017
15 Uganda 42.66 2017
16 Burundi 42.52 2018
17 Zambia 42.06 2017
18 Côte d'Ivoire 41.82 2018
19 Cambodia 41.70 2018
20 Nauru 40.18 2016
21 Togo 40.15 2018
22 Madagascar 39.81 2018
23 Burkina Faso 39.72 2018
24 Eritrea 39.25 2017
25 Benin 39.20 2018
26 Mali 37.83 2018
27 Nigeria 37.55 2010
28 Zimbabwe 36.41 2013
29 Niger 36.34 2017
30 Senegal 36.32 2018
31 The Gambia 36.14 2018
32 Papua New Guinea 35.52 2016
33 Somalia 35.52 2007
34 Bhutan 34.67 2018
35 Mauritania 34.28 2018
36 Haiti 33.41 1998
37 Dem. Rep. Congo 33.20 2015
38 Lesotho 32.95 2017
39 India 32.75 2017
40 São Tomé and Principe 31.16 2017
41 Kenya 30.65 2015
42 Mongolia 30.38 2018
43 South Africa 30.33 2015
44 Samoa 30.24 2010
45 Nicaragua 30.22 2010
46 Bangladesh 30.05 2018
47 Djibouti 29.37 2018
48 Philippines 29.08 2017
49 Iran 28.52 2017
50 El Salvador 28.27 2017
51 Sierra Leone 27.52 2018
52 Ghana 27.25 2018
53 Timor-Leste 26.95 2018
54 Yemen 26.93 2016
55 Morocco 26.80 2018
56 Eswatini 26.60 2017
57 Vanuatu 26.57 2015
58 Mexico 26.55 2017
59 Venezuela 25.68 1987
60 Honduras 25.60 2017
61 Kiribati 25.49 2017
62 Solomon Islands 25.41 2018
63 Syrian Arab Republic 25.33 2002
64 Kyrgyz Republic 24.99 2018
65 Jamaica 24.79 2018
66 Gabon 24.53 2011
67 United Arab Emirates 24.52 2016
68 Ecuador 24.48 2017
69 Algeria 24.32 2018
70 Paraguay 24.16 2012
71 Botswana 23.71 2015
72 Egypt 23.68 2018
73 Colombia 23.60 2017
74 Equatorial Guinea 23.23 2015
75 Guyana 23.16 2012
76 Myanmar 23.05 2017
77 Sri Lanka 22.93 2017
78 Lao PDR 22.34 2018
79 Liberia 22.32 2017
80 Tajikistan 22.30 2017
81 Panama 21.96 2017
82 Tonga 21.63 2015
83 Uzbekistan 21.51 2018
84 Russia 21.26 2017
85 Cabo Verde 21.07 2018
86 Nepal 20.91 2017
87 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 20.30 2018
88 Vietnam 20.28 2018
89 Guatemala 20.26 2018
90 Brazil 20.22 2017
91 Belize 19.78 2018
92 Fiji 19.74 2016
93 Kazakhstan 19.64 2018
94 Romania 19.33 2016
95 Belarus 19.23 2018
96 The Bahamas 19.03 2016
97 Czech Republic 18.93 2013
98 Dominican Republic 18.92 2017
99 Comoros 18.90 2017
100 Bolivia 18.76 2017
101 Jordan 18.54 2018
102 France 18.18 2013
103 Moldova 17.92 2018
104 Australia 17.88 1999
105 Chile 17.79 2017
106 Bulgaria 17.61 2016
107 Trinidad and Tobago 17.58 2009
108 Albania 17.57 2018
109 Canada 17.42 2000
110 Peru 17.39 2018
111 Argentina 17.23 2008
112 Indonesia 17.03 2018
113 Turkey 16.98 2017
114 Iraq 16.96 2007
115 Bosnia and Herzegovina 16.93 2018
116 Libya 16.90 1983
117 Tunisia 16.87 2018
118 China 16.43 2018
119 Korea 16.29 2017
120 Thailand 16.22 2017
121 Mauritius 16.20 2018
122 Grenada 16.18 2017
123 Ireland 16.06 2012
124 Cayman Islands 15.75 2018
125 Palau 15.66 2000
126 Japan 15.66 2017
127 Tuvalu 15.58 2018
128 Slovak Republic 15.54 2017
129 Azerbaijan 15.43 2018
130 Armenia 15.42 2018
131 United Kingdom 15.13 2017
132 New Zealand 14.92 2017
133 St. Lucia 14.74 2018
134 Singapore 14.69 2017
135 Seychelles 14.49 2018
136 North Macedonia 14.41 2015
137 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 14.39 2018
138 Serbia 14.29 2018
139 United States 14.20 2017
140 Barbados 13.99 2018
141 St. Kitts and Nevis 13.87 2016
142 Saudi Arabia 13.81 2018
143 Slovenia 13.80 2016
144 Finland 13.67 2017
145 Puerto Rico 13.54 2016
146 Lithuania 13.52 2017
147 Croatia 13.51 2016
148 Macao SAR, China 13.50 2018
149 Suriname 13.39 2018
150 Hong Kong SAR, China 13.35 2018
151 Spain 13.13 2017
152 Dominica 13.08 2016
153 Malta 13.03 2016
154 Ukraine 12.98 2018
155 Lebanon 12.48 2017
156 Antigua and Barbuda 12.41 2018
157 Portugal 12.35 2017
158 Germany 12.30 2017
159 Sweden 12.23 2017
160 Costa Rica 12.20 2018
161 Qatar 12.17 2018
162 Israel 12.07 2016
163 Bahrain 11.92 2018
164 Cyprus 11.92 2015
165 Netherlands 11.81 2017
166 Monaco 11.70 2019
167 Malaysia 11.66 2017
168 Italy 11.48 2017
169 Latvia 11.33 2016
170 Estonia 11.31 2017
171 Belgium 11.28 2017
172 Uruguay 11.02 2017
173 Hungary 10.77 2016
174 Denmark 10.74 2014
175 Andorra 10.50 2018
176 Poland 10.18 2017
177 Iceland 10.14 2015
178 Austria 10.02 2017
179 Switzerland 9.93 2017
180 Brunei 9.90 2018
181 Oman 9.67 2018
182 Greece 9.38 2017
183 Cuba 9.16 2018
184 Georgia 8.98 2018
185 Kuwait 8.88 2018
186 Norway 8.59 2017
187 Luxembourg 8.30 2016
188 Liechtenstein 7.68 2016
189 San Marino 6.93 2018

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Development Relevance: The pupil-teacher ratio is often used to compare the quality of schooling across countries, but it is often weakly related to student learning and quality of education.

Limitations and Exceptions: The comparability of pupil-teacher ratios across countries is affected by the definition of teachers and by differences in class size by grade and in the number of hours taught, as well as the different practices countries employ such as part-time teachers, school shifts, and multi-grade classes. Moreover, the underlying enrollment levels are subject to a variety of reporting errors.

Other Notes: Data retrieved via API in March 2019. For detailed information on the observation level (e.g. National Estimation, UIS Estimation, or Category not applicable), please visit UIS.Stat (http://data.uis.unesco.org/).

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Pupil-teacher ratio is calculated by dividing the number of students at the specified level of education by the number of teachers at the same level of education. Data on education are collected by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics from official responses to its annual education survey. All the data are mapped to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) to ensure the comparability of education programs at the international level. The current version was formally adopted by UNESCO Member States in 2011. The reference years reflect the school year for which the data are presented. In some countries the school year spans two calendar years (for example, from September 2010 to June 2011); in these cases the reference year refers to the year in which the school year ended (2011 in the example).

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual