School enrollment, preprimary (% gross) - Country Ranking

Definition: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Preprimary education refers to programs at the initial stage of organized instruction, designed primarily to introduce very young children to a school-type environment and to provide a bridge between home and school.

Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (http://uis.unesco.org/)

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Andorra 167.54 1983
2 Malawi 167.15 2018
3 Australia 164.55 2017
4 Ireland 163.44 2017
5 Liberia 125.18 2017
6 Belgium 115.15 2017
7 Ghana 114.55 2018
8 Malta 111.52 2016
9 Israel 110.80 2017
10 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 110.62 2018
11 Germany 109.13 2017
12 Czech Republic 106.42 2017
13 Hong Kong SAR, China 106.40 2018
14 United Kingdom 106.39 2017
15 France 105.99 2017
16 Austria 104.38 2017
17 Switzerland 103.59 2017
18 Peru 103.52 2018
19 Liechtenstein 102.63 2016
20 Vietnam 100.23 2018
21 Malaysia 99.22 2018
22 Belarus 98.85 2018
23 Grenada 98.49 2017
24 Cuba 98.24 2018
25 Mauritius 98.12 2018
26 Costa Rica 97.94 2018
27 San Marino 96.39 2018
28 Sweden 96.33 2017
29 Brazil 96.29 2017
30 Denmark 95.92 2017
31 Dominica 95.70 2016
32 Macao SAR, China 95.62 2018
33 Latvia 95.62 2017
34 Norway 95.37 2017
35 Seychelles 95.36 2018
36 Guyana 95.36 2012
37 Slovak Republic 95.22 2017
38 Korea 94.99 2017
39 Netherlands 94.29 2017
40 Iceland 94.09 2017
41 Italy 93.96 2017
42 Portugal 93.88 2017
43 Uruguay 93.39 2017
44 Spain 92.45 2017
45 Estonia 92.39 2017
46 Luxembourg 91.91 2017
47 Slovenia 91.73 2017
48 Sri Lanka 91.49 2015
49 New Zealand 91.47 2016
50 St. Kitts and Nevis 90.36 2016
51 Vanuatu 90.19 2015
52 Nepal 88.32 2017
53 Lithuania 88.19 2017
54 China 88.09 2018
55 Barbados 86.83 2018
56 Russia 86.79 2017
57 Moldova 86.70 2018
58 Mongolia 86.67 2018
59 Suriname 86.16 2018
60 Solomon Islands 84.07 2018
61 Ukraine 83.88 2013
62 Finland 83.58 2017
63 Tuvalu 83.33 2018
64 Trinidad and Tobago 82.97 2007
65 Pakistan 82.96 2018
66 Romania 82.85 2016
67 Nauru 82.32 2016
68 Hungary 82.28 2017
69 Chile 81.76 2017
70 Poland 81.14 2017
71 Philippines 80.69 2017
72 Albania 80.50 2018
73 Cyprus 80.28 2015
74 Algeria 79.07 2011
75 United Arab Emirates 78.68 2016
76 Colombia 78.50 2018
77 Bulgaria 77.21 2016
78 Argentina 76.08 2017
79 Kenya 75.76 2016
80 Greece 74.35 2017
81 St. Lucia 73.92 2018
82 Bolivia 73.79 2017
83 Mexico 73.73 2017
84 Thailand 73.61 2017
85 Jamaica 73.33 2018
86 Cabo Verde 73.23 2018
87 United States 72.93 2017
88 Palau 71.65 2014
89 Ecuador 70.44 2017
90 Antigua and Barbuda 70.25 2018
91 Venezuela 69.52 2017
92 Kiribati 65.00 2003
93 El Salvador 64.97 2017
94 Brunei 64.80 2018
95 Croatia 64.46 2016
96 Canada 64.44 1996
97 Kuwait 62.45 2018
98 Indonesia 62.34 2018
99 Serbia 62.29 2018
100 Panama 62.24 2017
101 Montenegro 62.11 2017
102 Qatar 60.27 2018
103 Kazakhstan 58.76 2018
104 Turkmenistan 57.98 2014
105 Georgia 57.51 2008
106 Nicaragua 55.60 2010
107 Lebanon 54.26 1985
108 Iran 53.86 2016
109 Bahrain 53.66 2018
110 Oman 52.21 2018
111 Dominican Republic 51.01 2017
112 Morocco 50.89 2018
113 Guatemala 50.74 2018
114 São Tomé and Principe 50.31 2016
115 Samoa 48.76 2018
116 Belize 47.43 2018
117 Zimbabwe 46.96 2013
118 Lao PDR 46.68 2018
119 Sudan 46.63 2017
120 Tonga 45.81 2015
121 Tunisia 44.62 2016
122 Paraguay 43.79 2016
123 Equatorial Guinea 43.36 2015
124 Papua New Guinea 43.16 2016
125 Nigeria 41.83 2010
126 The Gambia 41.67 2018
127 Tanzania 41.40 2018
128 Honduras 41.15 2017
129 Bangladesh 40.82 2018
130 Kyrgyz Republic 39.82 2018
131 Azerbaijan 39.71 2018
132 Angola 39.61 2016
133 Madagascar 39.61 2018
134 Lesotho 38.94 2016
135 Armenia 38.02 2018
136 North Macedonia 35.99 2015
137 Gabon 35.23 2011
138 Cameroon 34.46 2018
139 Bhutan 34.44 2018
140 Turkey 32.74 2017
141 The Bahamas 31.70 2016
142 Ethiopia 29.44 2015
143 Puerto Rico 29.29 2016
144 Egypt 28.71 2018
145 Uzbekistan 27.95 2018
146 Eswatini 27.43 2011
147 Jordan 27.14 2018
148 Benin 25.45 2018
149 South Africa 24.62 2017
150 Cambodia 23.82 2018
151 Togo 22.83 2018
152 Timor-Leste 22.77 2018
153 Rwanda 22.47 2018
154 Botswana 21.45 2015
155 Eritrea 21.38 2017
156 Saudi Arabia 21.23 2018
157 Comoros 20.42 2017
158 Fiji 17.85 2009
159 Senegal 16.54 2018
160 Guinea 15.45 2011
161 Burundi 15.37 2018
162 Uganda 14.41 2017
163 Sierra Leone 13.88 2018
164 India 13.74 2017
165 Congo 13.31 2012
166 Mozambique 11.62 1986
167 Mauritania 10.49 2015
168 Tajikistan 9.91 2017
169 Libya 9.82 2006
170 Myanmar 9.78 2017
171 Djibouti 9.18 2019
172 Côte d'Ivoire 8.20 2018
173 Niger 8.05 2018
174 Zambia 7.57 2016
175 Mali 6.96 2018
176 Guinea-Bissau 6.69 2010
177 Iraq 6.64 2007
178 Haiti 5.57 1985
179 Syrian Arab Republic 5.55 2013
180 Dem. Rep. Congo 4.44 2015
181 Burkina Faso 4.37 2018
182 Afghanistan 3.08 2003
183 Central African Republic 2.93 2017
184 Yemen 1.59 2016
185 Chad 0.96 2016
186 Somalia 0.38 1986

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Development Relevance: Gross enrollment ratios indicate the capacity of each level of the education system, but a high ratio may reflect a substantial number of overage children enrolled in each grade because of repetition or late entry rather than a successful education system. The net enrollment rate excludes overage and underage students and more accurately captures the system's coverage and internal efficiency. Differences between the gross enrollment ratio and the net enrollment rate show the incidence of overage and underage enrollments.

Limitations and Exceptions: Enrollment indicators are based on annual school surveys, but do not necessarily reflect actual attendance or dropout rates during the year. Also, the length of education differs across countries and can influence enrollment rates, although the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) tries to minimize the difference. For example, a shorter duration for primary education tends to increase the rate; a longer one to decrease it (in part because older children are more at risk of dropping out). Moreover, age at enrollment may be inaccurately estimated or misstated, especially in communities where registration of births is not strictly enforced.

Other Notes: Data retrieved via API in March 2019. For detailed information on the observation level (e.g. National Estimation, UIS Estimation, or Category not applicable), please visit UIS.Stat (http://data.uis.unesco.org/).

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Gross enrollment ratio for pre-primary school is calculated by dividing the number of students enrolled in pre-primary education regardless of age by the population of the age group which officially corresponds to pre-primary education, and multiplying by 100. Data on education are collected by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics from official responses to its annual education survey. All the data are mapped to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) to ensure the comparability of education programs at the international level. The current version was formally adopted by UNESCO Member States in 2011. Population data are drawn from the United Nations Population Division. Using a single source for population data standardizes definitions, estimations, and interpolation methods, ensuring a consistent methodology across countries and minimizing potential enumeration problems in national censuses. The reference years reflect the school year for which the data are presented. In some countries the school year spans two calendar years (for example, from September 2010 to June 2011); in these cases the reference year refers to the year in which the school year ended (2011 in the example).

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual