School enrollment, preprimary (% gross) - Country Ranking

Definition: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Preprimary education refers to programs at the initial stage of organized instruction, designed primarily to introduce very young children to a school-type environment and to provide a bridge between home and school.

Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Andorra 169.60 1983
2 Liberia 156.06 2015
3 Australia 124.92 2015
4 Ghana 118.21 2016
5 Belgium 116.40 2015
6 Malta 111.17 2015
7 Germany 111.15 2015
8 Israel 111.10 2015
9 Hong Kong SAR, China 109.41 2011
10 France 108.81 2014
11 San Marino 106.78 2012
12 Czech Republic 105.90 2015
13 Switzerland 104.65 2015
14 Mauritius 103.86 2015
15 Liechtenstein 103.64 2015
16 Austria 103.37 2015
17 Belarus 103.23 2015
18 Cuba 102.03 2015
19 Vanuatu 101.53 2015
20 Papua New Guinea 100.38 2008
21 Solomon Islands 99.81 2015
22 Jamaica 99.47 2015
23 Italy 98.66 2015
24 Norway 97.49 2015
25 Iceland 97.13 2013
26 Ireland 96.80 2015
27 Spain 96.66 2015
28 Denmark 95.92 2015
29 Antigua and Barbuda 95.64 2015
30 Netherlands 95.63 2015
31 Tuvalu 94.99 2015
32 Guyana 94.34 2012
33 Malaysia 93.95 2015
34 Sweden 93.94 2015
35 Luxembourg 93.81 2014
36 Portugal 93.70 2015
37 Slovak Republic 93.64 2015
38 Korea 93.58 2015
39 Slovenia 93.42 2014
40 Suriname 93.38 2015
41 New Zealand 93.18 2015
42 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 93.17 2015
43 Sri Lanka 93.04 2015
44 Brazil 92.18 2015
45 Macao SAR, China 92.14 2015
46 Lithuania 91.31 2015
47 Romania 90.98 2015
48 Seychelles 90.48 2015
49 Nauru 90.19 2014
50 Japan 89.25 2014
51 Peru 88.70 2015
52 Albania 88.60 2015
53 Uruguay 88.43 2014
54 Estonia 88.37 2012
55 United Kingdom 88.22 2014
56 Latvia 88.19 2015
57 Dominica 87.42 2015
58 Chile 87.00 2015
59 Russia 86.97 2015
60 St. Kitts and Nevis 86.30 2015
61 Grenada 85.88 2015
62 Mongolia 85.87 2012
63 Ukraine 84.66 2013
64 Colombia 84.49 2015
65 Nepal 84.21 2016
66 Barbados 84.21 2014
67 Moldova 83.90 2015
68 United Arab Emirates 83.67 2015
69 China 83.62 2015
70 Vietnam 83.13 2015
71 Trinidad and Tobago 82.95 2007
72 Bulgaria 82.91 2015
73 Malawi 81.61 2015
74 Kuwait 80.99 2011
75 Puerto Rico 80.69 2013
76 Cyprus 80.28 2015
77 Hungary 79.36 2015
78 Finland 79.29 2015
79 Angola 79.25 2011
80 Algeria 79.21 2011
81 Poland 79.19 2014
82 Lebanon 77.60 2015
83 South Africa 77.37 2014
84 Kenya 76.22 2015
85 Venezuela 75.32 2015
86 Palau 74.00 2014
87 Cabo Verde 73.65 2015
88 Canada 73.64 2013
89 Argentina 72.75 2014
90 Pakistan 72.32 2015
91 El Salvador 72.17 2015
92 Brunei 72.00 2015
93 Ecuador 71.39 2016
94 United States 70.84 2015
95 Bolivia 70.73 2015
96 Thailand 69.11 2015
97 Mexico 68.96 2014
98 Kiribati 64.96 2003
99 Turkmenistan 62.85 2014
100 Croatia 62.73 2015
101 Kazakhstan 59.58 2016
102 Georgia 59.45 2008
103 Qatar 58.78 2015
104 Nicaragua 58.32 2010
105 Serbia 58.17 2015
106 Indonesia 58.16 2014
107 Equatorial Guinea 57.75 2015
108 St. Lucia 57.47 2015
109 Morocco 56.87 2015
110 Bahrain 55.86 2015
111 Oman 55.55 2015
112 Montenegro 55.35 2015
113 Philippines 54.42 2009
114 São Tomé and Principe 54.14 2016
115 Armenia 52.40 2015
116 Costa Rica 52.37 2015
117 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 50.83 2015
118 Iran 50.78 2015
119 Belize 49.68 2015
120 Greece 49.11 2014
121 Panama 48.29 2014
122 Honduras 45.96 2015
123 Guatemala 44.66 2015
124 Dominican Republic 44.00 2015
125 Tunisia 43.95 2015
126 Zimbabwe 42.45 2013
127 Sudan 42.09 2013
128 Nigeria 41.74 2010
129 Samoa 40.78 2015
130 Tonga 38.54 2014
131 The Gambia 37.95 2015
132 Cameroon 37.83 2015
133 Paraguay 37.71 2012
134 Gabon 37.11 2011
135 Macedonia 36.35 2015
136 Lao PDR 35.35 2015
137 Lesotho 33.95 2015
138 The Bahamas 32.88 2002
139 Jordan 32.20 2015
140 Tanzania 31.78 2015
141 Bangladesh 31.22 2015
142 Ethiopia 30.36 2015
143 Egypt 30.32 2014
144 Turkey 28.93 2015
145 Kyrgyz Republic 27.59 2015
146 Uzbekistan 25.98 2016
147 Bhutan 25.80 2016
148 Swaziland 25.37 2011
149 Benin 23.90 2015
150 Azerbaijan 23.88 2015
151 Myanmar 23.46 2014
152 Namibia 21.44 2013
153 Comoros 20.50 2014
154 Timor-Leste 18.87 2015
155 Botswana 18.33 2013
156 Madagascar 18.06 2015
157 Rwanda 17.98 2015
158 Cambodia 17.94 2015
159 Fiji 17.87 2009
160 Togo 17.54 2015
161 Saudi Arabia 17.35 2015
162 Guinea 15.16 2011
163 Senegal 14.90 2015
164 Congo 13.91 2012
165 Eritrea 13.23 2015
166 Burundi 12.63 2015
167 India 12.21 2015
168 Uganda 11.63 2015
169 Tajikistan 11.06 2016
170 Mozambique 10.99 1986
171 Mauritania 10.60 2015
172 Sierra Leone 10.16 2015
173 Libya 9.89 2006
174 Niger 7.37 2015
175 Côte d'Ivoire 7.16 2015
176 Iraq 6.61 2007
177 Guinea-Bissau 6.47 2010
178 Syrian Arab Republic 5.88 2013
179 Central African Republic 5.59 2011
180 Haiti 5.58 1985
181 Djibouti 5.39 2016
182 Dem. Rep. Congo 4.17 2014
183 Burkina Faso 4.14 2015
184 Mali 4.06 2015
185 Yemen 1.34 2013
186 Chad 0.81 2013
187 Afghanistan 0.76 2003
188 Zambia 0.75 1979
189 Somalia 0.41 1986

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Development Relevance: Gross enrollment ratios indicate the capacity of each level of the education system, but a high ratio may reflect a substantial number of overage children enrolled in each grade because of repetition or late entry rather than a successful education system. The net enrollment rate excludes overage and underage students and more accurately captures the system's coverage and internal efficiency. Differences between the gross enrollment ratio and the net enrollment rate show the incidence of overage and underage enrollments.

Limitations and Exceptions: Enrollment indicators are based on annual school surveys, but do not necessarily reflect actual attendance or dropout rates during the year. Also, the length of education differs across countries and can influence enrollment rates, although the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) tries to minimize the difference. For example, a shorter duration for primary education tends to increase the rate; a longer one to decrease it (in part because older children are more at risk of dropping out). Moreover, age at enrollment may be inaccurately estimated or misstated, especially in communities where registration of births is not strictly enforced.

Other Notes: Each economy is classified based on the classification of World Bank Group's fiscal year 2017 (July 1, 2016-June 30, 2017).

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Gross enrollment ratio for pre-primary school is calculated by dividing the number of students enrolled in pre-primary education regardless of age by the population of the age group which officially corresponds to pre-primary education, and multiplying by 100. Data on education are collected by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics from official responses to its annual education survey. All the data are mapped to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) to ensure the comparability of education programs at the international level. The current version was formally adopted by UNESCO Member States in 2011. Population data are drawn from the United Nations Population Division. Using a single source for population data standardizes definitions, estimations, and interpolation methods, ensuring a consistent methodology across countries and minimizing potential enumeration problems in national censuses. The reference years reflect the school year for which the data are presented. In some countries the school year spans two calendar years (for example, from September 2010 to June 2011); in these cases the reference year refers to the year in which the school year ended (2011 in the example).

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual