Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent) - Country Ranking

Definition: Nitrous oxide emissions are emissions from agricultural biomass burning, industrial activities, and livestock management.

Source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 China 587,166.40 2012
2 United States 288,878.00 2012
3 India 239,755.10 2012
4 Brazil 214,529.10 2012
5 Central African Republic 100,651.50 2012
6 Indonesia 93,138.92 2012
7 Sudan 84,959.15 2012
8 Dem. Rep. Congo 67,964.66 2012
9 Russia 65,194.00 2012
10 Australia 54,247.48 2012
11 Argentina 53,101.36 2012
12 Mexico 43,436.27 2012
13 Germany 43,410.64 2012
14 Ethiopia 39,853.53 2012
15 France 36,865.68 2012
16 Nigeria 36,184.66 2012
17 Turkey 35,611.71 2012
18 Vietnam 34,494.26 2012
19 Canada 33,413.53 2012
20 Thailand 30,832.95 2012
21 Pakistan 30,651.23 2012
22 Myanmar 26,782.71 2012
23 Poland 26,721.64 2012
24 Bangladesh 26,682.82 2012
25 Colombia 25,642.14 2012
26 United Kingdom 25,334.92 2012
27 Iran 25,191.27 2012
28 Egypt 25,110.17 2012
29 Japan 24,911.49 2012
30 Ukraine 22,549.45 2012
31 Guinea 21,254.46 2012
32 South Africa 21,148.53 2012
33 Spain 20,873.14 2012
34 Italy 20,083.84 2012
35 Kazakhstan 17,821.77 2012
36 Ghana 17,593.40 2012
37 Cambodia 16,685.37 2012
38 Venezuela 16,136.13 2012
39 Malaysia 15,310.25 2012
40 Korea 14,979.34 2012
41 Uganda 14,931.72 2012
42 Chad 14,862.85 2012
43 Belarus 13,905.15 2012
44 Cameroon 13,900.28 2012
45 Tanzania 13,206.41 2012
46 Uzbekistan 13,191.53 2012
47 Philippines 12,762.02 2012
48 New Zealand 11,879.94 2012
49 Kenya 11,590.34 2012
50 Mali 10,892.11 2012
51 Côte d'Ivoire 10,034.04 2012
52 Bolivia 9,732.60 2012
53 Paraguay 9,363.47 2012
54 Lao PDR 8,986.91 2012
55 Chile 8,949.19 2012
56 Netherlands 8,924.04 2012
57 Belgium 8,502.95 2012
58 Peru 8,478.43 2012
59 Zambia 8,394.51 2012
60 Romania 8,218.07 2012
61 Madagascar 8,198.50 2012
62 Uruguay 8,105.38 2012
63 Serbia 7,444.90 2010
64 Burkina Faso 7,366.48 2012
65 Czech Republic 7,315.46 2012
66 Ireland 7,302.29 2012
67 Senegal 6,561.69 2012
68 Saudi Arabia 6,517.46 2012
69 Algeria 6,382.02 2012
70 Morocco 6,007.29 2012
71 Syrian Arab Republic 6,000.78 2012
72 Cuba 5,912.02 2012
73 Finland 5,547.31 2012
74 Ecuador 5,434.62 2012
75 Denmark 5,340.43 2012
76 Sweden 5,221.58 2012
77 Iraq 5,007.06 2012
78 Turkmenistan 4,923.87 2012
79 Somalia 4,923.23 2012
80 Benin 4,866.60 2012
81 Lithuania 4,738.51 2012
82 Bulgaria 4,645.58 2012
83 Greece 4,639.35 2012
84 Guatemala 4,605.86 2012
85 Nepal 4,598.24 2012
86 Hungary 4,356.41 2012
87 Zimbabwe 4,270.82 2012
88 Portugal 4,010.80 2012
89 Austria 3,789.95 2012
90 Yemen 3,671.97 2012
91 Angola 3,641.26 2012
92 Mongolia 3,547.86 2012
93 Nicaragua 3,490.97 2012
94 Afghanistan 3,423.69 2012
95 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 3,306.06 2012
96 Norway 3,305.09 2012
97 Honduras 3,206.33 2012
98 Malawi 3,126.62 2012
99 Togo 3,048.65 2012
100 Namibia 3,042.21 2012
101 Tunisia 2,962.61 2012
102 Congo 2,957.36 2012
103 Croatia 2,854.36 2012
104 Slovak Republic 2,778.40 2012
105 Azerbaijan 2,672.57 2012
106 Solomon Islands 2,656.01 2012
107 United Arab Emirates 2,412.99 2012
108 Switzerland 2,385.45 2012
109 Georgia 2,352.37 2012
110 Mauritania 2,347.70 2012
111 Mozambique 2,261.30 2012
112 Botswana 2,228.56 2012
113 Niger 2,195.35 2012
114 Dominican Republic 2,190.41 2012
115 Sri Lanka 2,174.26 2012
116 Guyana 2,122.89 2012
117 Singapore 1,908.56 2012
118 Tajikistan 1,848.12 2012
119 Israel 1,750.53 2012
120 Rwanda 1,703.89 2012
121 Sierra Leone 1,604.76 2012
122 Kyrgyz Republic 1,567.10 2012
123 Costa Rica 1,565.73 2012
124 Haiti 1,495.34 2012
125 Libya 1,465.66 2012
126 Latvia 1,437.16 2012
127 El Salvador 1,413.77 2012
128 Panama 1,407.94 2012
129 Eritrea 1,259.26 2012
130 Papua New Guinea 1,234.08 2012
131 Slovenia 1,165.98 2012
132 Oman 1,146.28 2012
133 Albania 1,146.05 2012
134 Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,123.74 2012
135 Armenia 1,022.81 2012
136 Guinea-Bissau 989.62 2012
137 Estonia 951.01 2012
138 Gabon 837.85 2012
139 Burundi 789.49 2012
140 Kuwait 704.29 2012
141 Moldova 686.36 2012
142 Jamaica 656.12 2012
143 Jordan 604.54 2012
144 Eswatini 569.08 2012
145 Bhutan 555.03 2012
146 North Macedonia 525.84 2012
147 The Gambia 499.82 2012
148 Hong Kong SAR, China 476.46 2012
149 Luxembourg 473.02 2012
150 Lebanon 462.50 2012
151 Lesotho 427.95 2012
152 Iceland 368.96 2012
153 Fiji 343.85 2012
154 Brunei 342.37 2012
155 Qatar 339.00 2012
156 Liberia 336.85 2012
157 Cyprus 314.92 2012
158 Trinidad and Tobago 281.39 2012
159 Suriname 273.27 2012
160 Djibouti 256.96 2012
161 Greenland 231.50 2012
162 Timor-Leste 225.54 2012
163 Puerto Rico 220.43 2012
164 Belize 200.22 2012
165 Mauritius 170.35 2012
166 Bahrain 131.26 2012
167 The Bahamas 130.93 2012
168 Vanuatu 108.66 2012
169 New Caledonia 98.25 2012
170 Cabo Verde 81.49 2012
171 Malta 61.29 2012
172 Comoros 59.41 2012
173 Barbados 58.68 2012
174 Samoa 40.29 2012
175 Equatorial Guinea 36.88 2012
176 St. Lucia 34.91 2012
177 Grenada 26.43 2012
178 Antigua and Barbuda 25.86 2012
179 Seychelles 22.60 2012
180 Tonga 22.16 2012
181 Dominica 21.24 2012
182 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 18.43 2012
183 St. Kitts and Nevis 14.63 2012
184 Cayman Islands 13.87 2012
185 Macao SAR, China 11.65 2012
186 São Tomé and Principe 9.70 2012
187 Kiribati 3.97 2012
188 Tuvalu 1.26 2012
189 Nauru 0.24 2012
190 Palau 0.03 2012
191 Andorra 0.02 2012
192 Montenegro 0.00 2010

More rankings: Africa | Asia | Central America & the Caribbean | Europe | Middle East | North America | Oceania | South America | World |

Development Relevance: The addition of man-made greenhouse gases to the Atmosphere disturbs the earth's radiative balance. This is leading to an increase in the earth's surface temperature and to related effects on climate, sea level rise and world agriculture. Emissions of CO2 are from burning oil, coal and gas for energy use, burning wood and waste materials, and from industrial processes such as cement production. Emission intensity is the average emission rate of a given pollutant from a given source relative to the intensity of a specific activity. Emission intensities are also used to compare the environmental impact of different fuels or activities. The related terms - emission factor and carbon intensity - are often used interchangeably. The carbon dioxide emissions of a country are only an indicator of one greenhouse gas. For a more complete idea of how a country influences climate change, gases such as methane and nitrous oxide should be taken into account. This is particularly important in agricultural economies. The environmental effects of carbon dioxide are of significant interest. Carbon dioxide (CO2) makes up the largest share of the greenhouse gases contributing to global warming and climate change. Converting all other greenhouse gases (methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), Sulphur hexafluoride (SF6)) to carbon dioxide (or CO2) equivalents makes it possible to compare them and to determine their individual and total contributions to global warming. The Kyoto Protocol, an environmental agreement adopted in 1997 by many of the parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), is working towards curbing CO2 emissions globally.

Limitations and Exceptions: National reporting to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change that follows the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change guidelines is based on national emission inventories and covers all sources of anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions as well as carbon sinks (such as forests). To estimate emissions, the countries that are Parties to the Climate Change Convention (UNFCCC) use complex, state-of-the-art methodologies recommended by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Nitrous oxide emissions are mainly from fossil fuel combustion, fertilizers, rainforest fires, and animal waste. Nitrous oxide is a powerful greenhouse gas, with an estimated atmospheric lifetime of 114 years, compared with 12 years for methane. The per kilogram global warming potential of nitrous oxide is nearly 310 times that of carbon dioxide within 100 years. The emissions are usually expressed in carbon dioxide equivalents using the global warming potential, which allows the effective contributions of different gases to be compared.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual